B.inggris A1 – 521073700 PDF

B.inggris A1 - 521073700 PDF
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CHAPTER 1

NOUN

A. Definisi

Noun adalah suatu kata yang digunakan untuk menamai orang, benda, hewan, tempat, dan konsep abstrak.

B. Fungsi

1. Sebagai Subjek dari kata kerja (subject of verb) Contoh: Tommy has run the company since 1993. (Tommy telah menjalankan perusahaan tersebut sejak tahun 1993.) 2. Sebagai objek/pelengkap (object/complement) Contoh: She is a dentist. (Dia seorang dokter gigi.)

3. Sebagai objek dari kata depan (object of perposition) Contoh: She was walking on the sidewalk when she was attacked. (Dia sedang berjalan do trotoar ketika dia diserang.) C. Macam-macam Noun 1. Kata benda yang dapat dihitung dan yang tidak dapat dihitung (Countable and Uncountable Noun). Countable Noun

Contoh

Arti

tomato –tomatoes box – boxes activity – activities wife – wifes leaf – leaves

Uncountable Noun

Contoh

Meat Coffee Sugar Air Money

Arti

2. Kata benda umum dan khusus (Common and Proper Noun).

Common Noun Proper Noun (penggolongan kata benda untuk orang (penggolongan kata benda untuk orang (person), tempat (place), benda dan hal se(person), tempat (place), dan benda cara umum) secara spesifik) Contoh

house sandals apartment children town

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Arti

Contoh

Sea World Mohammad Hatta Bandung Gramedia Samsung

Arti

1

3. Kata benda yang dapat diamati dengan panca indra dan yang tidak bisa diamati dengan panca indra (Concrete and Abstract Noun). Contoh

fish stone woman table bed

Concrete

Arti

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

Abstract Noun

Contoh

happiness freedom imagination realist feminism

Arti

Translate the following nouns and put them into the table based on each group of nouns!* (Terjemahkan kata benda di bawah ini kemudian letakan ke dalam tabel berdasarkan kelompok kata bendanya!) information : chair : Polytron: Superman : Sand : Village : Anger : country : handphone: Crocodiles : computer: Wind : Sadness : water : Teacher : Countable

2

Uncountable

Common

Concrete

Abstract

Proper

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SPEAKING PRACTICE

Listen to the recording and imitate the conversation! (Dengarkan rekaman dan tirulah percakapannya!) Conversation 1 A:”Hi, how are you doing?”

“Hi, apa kabar?”

A:”Not too bad.”

“lumayan.”

B:”I’m doing great. How about you?” B:”Do you come to this restaurant often?”

“luar biasa, kamu gimana?” “kamu sering ke restaurant ini?”

A:”I’ve been here a couple of times, but I don’t “Saya kesini lumayan sering, tapi tidak come on a regular basis. What have you been up to?”

tentu waktunya. Kamu kemana aja?”

B:”I’m pretty busy at work these days,

“Saya sibuk sekali dikerjaan akhir-akhir

A:”Well, have a good evening.”

“Baiklah, selamat menikmati sore hari.”

but otherwise, everything is great.”

B:”You too.”

Conversation 2

ini, tapi, semuanya hebat.” “kamu juga.”

A:”It’s nice to meet you. My name is Jack.”

“Senang bertemu denganmu. Nama saya

B:”I’m Steve. It’s a pleasure to meet you.”

“Saya Steve. Senang bertemu denganmu.”

B:”Steve.”

“Steve.”

A:”What was your name again?”

A:”So Steve, What do you do for a living?” B:”I work at the public library. How about you?”

A:”I’m a University student.”

B:That’s great. It was nice meeting you.”

A:”Yeah. It was a pleasure meeting you.”

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Jack.”

“Siapa namamu tadi?”

“So Steve, Apa pekerjaanmu?”

“Saya bekerja di Perpustakaan umum. Bagaimana dengan kamu?

“Saya seorang mahasiswa.”

“Itu bagus. Senang bertemu denganmu.” “Yeah. Menyenangkan bertemu denganmu.

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Conversation 3 A:”Hey Jack, it’s good to see you.”

“Hey Jack, senang bertemu denganmu.”

like more than a year. I’m doing pretty well.

bertemu? Sepertinya sudah setahun. Aku

B:”Wow. How long has it been? It seems How about you?”

A:”I came here to see Matrix Revolution. How about you?”

B:”I’m going to watch Finding Nemo.”

baik-baik saja. Gimana kamu?” “Lumayan.”

A:”Not too bad.”

B:”What movie did you come to see?”

“Wow. Sudah berapa lama kita tidak

“Kamu mau nonton film apa?”

“Saya kesini buat nonton Matrix Revolution. Kamu?”

“Saya akan nonton Finding Nemo.”

VOCABULARY PRACTICE

Find the meaning of each vocabulary below, use your dictionary!

(Carilah arti dari masing-masing kosa kata di bawah ini, gunakan kamusmu!) Concrete

Air

Army

audience Author Baby

Bag

Bath

Beach Belt

Bench

4

Arti

Proper

…………

Ability

…………

Action

…………

…………

…………

Accident address

advantage

…………

Age

…………

Attack

…………

…………

…………

Anger

balance

beginning

NOUN Arti

…………

…………

Common Actor

animal

Bear

…………

boyfriend

…………

…………

…………

…………

…………

Bike

branch bread

bridge

brother brush

…………

…………

…………

…………

Arti

…………

…………

…………

…………

…………

…………

…………

…………

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WRITING PRACTICE

Read and write the missing words on the blank and then translate the sentence! (Baca dan tulislah kata yang hilang, kemudian terjemahkan kalimat tsb!) 1. I comb my …….. after taking a shower.

Arti : ………………………………………………………

2. I see the world by using my ………..

Arti : ………………………………………………………

3. I breathe through my ………….

Arti : ………………………………………………………

4. I speak with my ………….

Arti : ………………………………………………………

5. I have two …………… to listen to music.

Arti : ………………………………………………………

6. I wear my shirt on my ………….

Arti : ………………………………………………………

7. I have two …………. to wear my watch.

Arti : ………………………………………………………

8. There are ten …………….. in my hands.

Arti : ………………………………………………………

9. I also have two ………… to walk.

Arti : ………………………………………………………

10.They are …………… under my foot.

Arti : ………………………………………………………

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5

A. Definisi

CHAPTER 2 PRONOUN

Pronoun adalah kata yang digunakan untuk menggantikan noun (kata benda) yang dapat berupa orang, benda, hewan, tempat, atau konsep abstrak.

B. Macam-macam Pronoun

Pronoun sesuai fungsi dan letaknya terbagi menjadi beberapa macam, yaitu:

1. Subjective Personal

Subjective personal pronoun adalah kata ganti yang berposisi sebagai subjek. Contoh:

• He is a politician.

(Dia adalah politisi.)

• It is the most delicious cake that I have ever eaten. (Ini kue terlezat yang saya pernah makan.)

2. Objective Personal

Objective personal pronoun adalah kata ganti yang berposisi sebagai objek dari kalimat. Contoh:

• He lent me two interesting books.

(Dia meminjami saya dua buku yang menarik.)

• None understands why the man really loves her.

(Tak satupun mengerti kenapa pria tersebut mencintai dia.)

3. Possessive Adjective

Possessive adjective pronoun adalah determiner (special adjective) yang digunakan untuk menyatakan kepemilikan (possession) terhadap noun. • My house is the biggest one.

(Rumahku adalah yang terbesar.)

• Today is your day. (Hari ini harimu.)

4. Personal Possessive

Personal possesive pronoun berfungsi untuk menunjukkan siapa yang memiliki sesuatu dengan menempati posisi sebagai: subject of a sentence, subject complement, atau objek.

• Yours was sent yesterday.

(Milikmu dikirim kemarin)

• That is ours.

(Itu punya kita.)

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5. Reflexive

Reflexive Pronoun adalah kata ganti yang digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa subject suatu kalimat menerima aksi dari verb (reciprocal action). • I‘m going to buy myself new jeans.

(Saya akan membeli celana jins sendiri.)

• Stop blaming yourself.

(Berhenti menyalahkan dirimu sendiri.)

6. Demonstrative

Demostrative pronoun merupakan kata ganti yang menggunakan parameter

number (jumlah) dan distance (jarak). Kata ganti yang digantikan umumnya berupa benda, namun dapat pula berupa orang atau hal. Contoh: • This is the most interesting book I’ve ever read.

(Ini buku paling menarik yang saya pernah baca.)

• Is this your wallet?

(Apakah ini dompetmu?)

7. Interrogative

Interrogative pronoun adalah kata ganti yang digunakan untuk membuat pertanyaan. Contoh:

• Who is that man? (Siapa lelaki itu?)

• What are you doing?

(Apa yang sedang kamu lakukan?)

Perhatikan tabel macam-macam pronoun berikut ini: Subjective I

You We

They He

She It

Personal

Possessive

Objective

Adjective

You

Your

Me Us

Them Him Her It

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Personal

Reflexive

My

Mine

Myself

Our

Ours

Ourselves

His

His

Their Her Its

Yours

Theirs Hers

Its

Pronoun

Yourself/selves Themselves Himself Herself

Demonstrative this

that

these

those

Interrogative

who(ever)

what(ever)

which(ever) whose

whom

Itself

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GRAMMAR PRACTICE

Translate the following sentences by using correct pronoun!

(Terjemahkan kalimat berikut dengan menggunakan kata ganti yang tepat!) 1.Aku tahu kamu.

6.Mereka teman kita.

2.Aku berangkat sekolah dengan dia (laki-laki).

7.Siapa yang memintamu kesini?

3.Dia membawa bukumu.

8.Kucing itu menjilati bulunya.

4.Pesantren ini milik kita

9.Biarkan dia datang sendiri.

5.Itu membuat dia sedih

10.Apa yang menjadi masalahmu?

………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………

READING PRACTICE

Listen to the recording carefully and translate the following passage! (Dengarkan rekaman dan bacalah bacaan di bawah ini!) Breakfast of Lunch?

It was Sunday. I never get up early on Sunday. I sometimes stay in bed until lunch time. Last Sunday I got up very late. I looked out of the window. It was dark outside. ‘What a

day!’ I thought. ‘It’s raining again’ just then, the telephone rang. It was my aunt Lucy. ‘I’ve just arrived by train,’ she said. ‘I’m coming to see you.’ ‘But I’m still having breakfast,’ I said. ‘What are you doing?’ she asked.

‘I’m having breakfast,’ I repeated.

‘Dear ne,’ she said. ‘Do you always get up so late? It’s one o’clock!’

…………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………

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Answer the following questions based on the passage above! (Jawab pertanyaan berikut ini berdasarkan bacaan di atas!) 1.Who never gets up early on Sundays?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

2.What did the man do after waking up?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3.Who is Lucy?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

4.How did Lucy come by?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

5.What were the man doing when his aunt called him?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

SPEAKING PRACTICE

Listen to the recording and imitate the conversation! (Dengarkan rekaman dan tirulah percakapannya!) Conversation 1

A:”Hey there. What have you been up to?”

“Hai. Apa kabar?”

A:”How about your work?”

“Bagaimana dengan pekerjaanmu?”

B:”Nothing really.”

B:”It’s so boring there. I really wish I had a different job.”

A. “Is it really that bad?”

“Biasa saja.”

“Membosankan sekali. Saya ingin pindah kerja.”

“Apakah seburuk itu?”

B. “Yeah. Most of the time, I have nothing to “Ya. Hampir sepanjang waktu, saya tidak do. But whenever I have something to do, melakukan apa-apa. Tapi saat saya

it’s boring work because it is the same old melakukan pekerjaan, membosankan thing.”

sekali kerjaannya.”

A. “Why don’t you find a different job then?” “Kenapa kamu tidak cari pekerjaan lain?” B. “Maybe I should.”

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“Mungkin sebaiknya saya cari pekerjaan lain.”

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Conversation 2

A. “Hi Steve, what’s your plan for tonight?” “Hai Steve, apa rencanamu mala mini?” “aku gak punya rencana apa-apa. Apa B. “I don’t have any plans. Are you doing anything special?”

kamu ada yang special?”

meeting up tonight.”

canakan ketemuan nanti malam.”

A. “Well, if you’re bored, let’s plan on B. “That sounds like a good idea. Should we invite Bob?”

A. “He’s a little boring.”

B. “What do you mean?”

A. “Well, he doesn’t drink, play video

games, pool, or really anything. The

only thing he talks about is history.”

B. “You do have a point. We’ll leave him out tonight.”

A. “Alright. Let’s meet at 8:30 in front of the university bookstore.”

B. “Perfect. I’ll see you later tonight.”

Conversation 3

“Baiklah, jika kamu bosan, ayo kita ren“Sepertinya itu ide bagus. Apakah kita mengajak Bob?”

“Dia sedikit membosankan.” “Apa maksudnya?”

“Ya, dia tidak minum, main video game, bilyard, atau apapun. Yang selalu dia bicarakan hanya soal sejarah.”

“Kamu tahu maksudku. Kita tinggalin dia aja mala mini.”

“Baiklah. Ayo ketemu jam 8.30 di depan toko buku kampus.”

“Sempurna. Sampai ketemu nanti malam.”

A. “Hi Jane.”

“Hai Jane.”

A. “What are you doing?”

“Kamu lagi ngapain?”

B. “Oh, hi Jill.”

B. “I’m doing the laundry.”

A. “I’m so bored. I have nothing to do.”

“Oh, hai Jill.”

“Saya lagi nyuci.”

“Aku lagi bosen banget. Lagi gak ngapa-ngapain nih.”

B.”Why don’t you come over and help me “Kenapa kamu gak dating kesini dan bantu with the laundry?”

aku nyuci?”

Hey, you wanna take a break from your

sendiri. Hey, kamu mau istirahat dan ngopi di

A. “I’d rather do my own house chores.

“Mending aku ngerjain kerjaan rumahku

house work and have coffee at Starbucks Starbucks sama aku?” with me?”

B.”Sure, that sounds great. I’ll meet you there in thirty minutes.”

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“Tentu aja, kayaknya asik. Kita ketemu di sana 30 menit lagi.”

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CHAPTER 3

VERB

Verb (kata kerja) adalah suatu kata yang berfungsi untuk menunjukkan tindakan dari subject, menunjukkan peristiwa atau keadaan. Menurut jenisnya, Verb dibagi menjadi 2 yaitu;

1.Auxiliary Verb

Auxiliary verb adalah kata kerja yang muncul sebelum main verb (kata kerja utama) di dalam suatu kalimat untuk memodifikasi makna dari kata kerja utama tersebut. Tidak

seperti kata kerja utama, auxiliary verb tidak mempunyai arti sendiri. Berikut ini macammacam Auxiliary Verbs:

Present

Past

Do

do, does

Did

Modal

Will

is, am, are

Be

Have

have, has

Would

Should

Can

Could

Must

Been

Had

Shall May

Contoh:

was, were

Perfect

Might Must

She is brushing the bathroom floor. (Dia sedang menyikat lantai kamar mandi.)

He has been driving for an hour. (Dia telah menyetir selama satu jam.) She was fired yesterday. (Dia dipecat kemarin.)

2. Ordinary/Main Verbs

Main verb adalah verb apapun (termasuk linking verb) yang bukan merupakan auxil-

iary verb. Kata kerja ini dikenal juga dengan istilah full verb atau lexical verb. Main verb

dalam bahasa Inggris akan berubah sesuai Tense/waktu dari kata kerja tersebut. Perubahan Verb ini digolongkan menjadi dua, yaitu perubahan yang teratur (regular verb) di-

mana kata kerja dasarnya cukup ditambahkan akhiran –ed; contoh: talk – talked – talked, walk – walked – walked, manage – managed – managed, dll. Sementara perubahan

kedua yaitu perubahan yang tidak teratur (Irregular Verb), Irregular verb memiliki aturan tersendiri berubahnya; contoh: see – saw – seen, make – made – made, speak – spoke spoken, dll. Berikut sebagian daftar Irregular Verbs beserta artinya:

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11

LIST OF IRREGULAR VERB

Memorize the following verbs then make 5 sentences from those verbs!

(Hafalkan kata kerja berikut ini, kemudian buatlah 5 kalimat dari kata kerja tersebut!) No

Present

2

do

1 3 4 5 6

say

13 14 15 16

made

think

wanted

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

came

use

used

give

gave

find tell

call ask

need feel

become leave put

found told

needed felt

became left

put

let

let

seem

kept

began

seemed

getting

making

thinking seeing

coming

wanting

using

given

giving

found Told

tried

asked

mengatakan

going

used

tried

reminded

begin

wanted

worked

remind keep

come

worked called

saying

taking

want

come

memiliki

doing

taken seen

called asked

needed Felt

become Left Put

reminded kept Let

begun

seemed

Arti

having

knowing

saw

took

Progressive

known

see

try

22

knew

got/gotten thought

19 21

got

thought

work

20

Said

made

17 18

done

make

get

take

12

said

Had

gone

9

11

did

went

know

10

had

Perfect

go

7 8

12

have

Past

finding telling

working calling trying

asking

needing feeling

becoming

melakukan pergi

mendapatkan membuat

mengetahui berfikir

mengambil melihat datang

menginginkan

menggunakan menemukan

memberikan

memberi tahu bekerja

memanggil mencoba

bertanya/meminta

membutuhkan merasakan menjadi

leaving

meninggalkan/berangkat

reminding

mengingatkan

putting

keeping letting begin

seeming

meletakan menjaga

membiarkan memulai

kelihatan PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

Make sentences here:

(Buatlah kalimat disini)

1.…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

2.…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3.…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

4.…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

5.…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

6.………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7.…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

8.…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

9.…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

10.……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Listen to the recording carefully and translate the text! (Dengarkan rekaman dan terjemahkan textnya!)

Please send me a card

Postcards always spoil my holidays. Last summer, I went to Italy. I visited meseums and

sat in public gardens. A friendly waiter taught me a few words of Italian. Then he lent me a book. I read a few lines, but I did not understand a word, Everyday I thought about

postcards. My holidays passed quickly, but I did not send any cards to my friends. On the last day I made a big decision. I got up early and bought thirty-seven cards. I spent a whole day in my room, but I did not write a single card!

………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

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Answer the following questions based on the passage above!

(Jawab pertanyaan berikut ini berdasarkan bacaan di atas!)

1. Where did the man go? ………………………………………………………………………………….

2. What did the man think everyday? …………………………………………………………………..

3. What did the man write? …………………………………………………………………………………

4. What did the man do on the last day in Italy? …………………………………………………….. 5. Where did the man spend his whole last day? ……………………………………………………. SPEAKING PRACTICE Listen to the recording and imitate the conversation! (Dengarkan rekaman dan tirulah percakapannya!) Conversation 1

A:”What are you doing now?” B:”I’m watching TV.”

A:”What are you watching?”

“kamu lagi ngapain sekarang?” “Lagi nonton TV.”

“Nonton apa?”

B:”I’m watching Friends. What are you

“Lagi nonton Friends. Kamu lagi nga-

A:”I’m doing my homework, but I really

“Aku lagi ngerjain PR, tapi aku butuh is-

doing?”

need to take a break.”

B:”You want to do something?”

A:“Yes. But I shouldn’t. I got to finish my assignment now.”

B:”Alright. Call me later then.” A:”OK. Bye.”

Conversation 2

pain?

tirahat sebentar.”

“Kamu mau ngelakuin sesuatu?”

“Iya. Tapi aku harus nyelesein tugasku sekarang.”

“Baiklah. Hubungi aku lagi aja nanti.” “Oke. Daah.”

A: “Where are you going now?”

“Kamu mau kemana?”

A: “Aren’t you supposed to be at work?”

“Bukankah kamu seharusnya kerja?”

B: “I’m going to the bank.”

“Aku mau ke bank.”

B: “I’m working now. I’m making a deposit “Aku lagi kerja sekarang. Aku akan menaruh uang di bank untuk perusahaanku.” for our company.” A: “Where do you work?”

“Kamu kerja dimana?”

B: “Great seeing you. I have to go now. I’ll

“Senang bertemu dengan mu. Aku harus

B: “I work for a restaurant as a controller.” “Aku kerja di restoran sebagai pengontrol.” “Wow. Hebat tuh.” A: “Wow. That’s great.”

14

talk to you later.”

pergi sekarang. Kita ngobrol lagi nanti.” PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

CHAPTER 4

ADVERB

A. Definisi

Adverb adalah kata keterangan yang berfungsi untuk mendeskripsikan verb (kata kerja), adjective (kata sifat), atau adverb lain.

B. Fungsi

a Mendeskripsikan verb a Mendeskripsikan adjective a Mendeskripsikan adverb lain

C. Macam-macam Adverb

I completely agree with you.

(Saya sepenuhnya setuju denganmu.) The room was good enough for me.

(Ruangan tersebut cukup baik untuk saya.) She speaks really fast.

(Dia berbicara dengan sangat cepat.)

1. Adverb of Time (waktu) Adverb of time adalah kata keterangan untuk menyatakan waktu terjadinya suatu kegiatan atau peristiwa. Contoh adverb of time:

• two days ago (dua hari lalu),

• next week (minggu depan)

• before dawn (sebelum fajar)

• since yesterday (sejak kemarin)

• already (sudah)

• early (awal; sebelum waktunya) • finally (akhirnya; setelah waktu yang lama)

• last year (tahun lalu) • later (nanti)

• now (sekarang)

• then (pada saat itu (di masa lalu atau masa depan)

• today (hari ini, pada saat ini) • tomorrow (besok)

• yesterday (kemarin)

2. Adverb of Manner (cara)

Adverb of manner adalah kata keterangan untuk menyatakan cara suatu kegiatan dilakukan atau peristiwa terjadi. Contoh adverb of manner:

• automatically (secara otomatis) • quickly (dengan cepat) • slowly (dengan lambat) • carefully (secara hati-hati) • clearly (dengan jelas)

• successfully (dengan sukses)

• fast (dengan cepat)

• well (dengan baik)

• correctly (dengan benar) • fluently (dengan lancar) • hard (dengan keras) PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

• suddenly (secara tiba-tiba)

• in a friendly way (dengan cara yang bersahabat)

• like a child (seperti anak-anak)

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3. Adverb of Degree (derajat)

Adverb of degree untuk menyatakan sampai seberapa jauh (tingkatan atau derajat) suatu kegiatan atau peristiwa. Contoh averb of degree: • Completely • enough

• entirely

• extremely • hardly

• positively • rather

4. Adverb of modality (harapan)

Adverb of modality merupakan kata keterangan untuk menyatakan tingkat keyakinan

atau harapan. Contoh adverb of modality: • hopefully (mudah-mudahan)

• perhaps (barangkali/mungkin)

• maybe (barangkali/mungkin)

• probably (barangkali/mungkin)

• likely (sangat mungkin)

5. Adverb of frequency (frekuensi)

• possibly (barangkali/mungkin)

Adverb of frequency merupakan kata keterangan yang menyatakan seberapa sering

suatu kegiatan dilakukan atau peristiwa terjadi. Contoh adverb of frequency: • always, constantly (selalu/100%)

• monthly (setiap bulan)

• often (sering)

• daily (setiap hari)

• occasionally, infrequently, seldom

• every second (setiap detik)

• usually, normally (biasanya)

• sometimes (kadang-kadang/50%) (sekali-sekali/10-25%)

• rarely, hardly ever (jarang/1-10%) • never (tidak pernah)

6. Adverb of place (tempat)

• weekly (setiap minggu)

• hourly (setiap jam) • once every month

(sekali setiap bulan)

• three times (tiga kali)

Adverb of place adalah kata keterangan untuk membicarakan di mana suatu kegiatan dilakukan atau peristiwa terjadi (location), arah ke mana seseorang atau sesuatu

berpindah (direction), seberapa jauh seseorang atau sesuatu (distance), atau kombinasi diantaranya. Contoh adverb of place:

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• above (di tempat/posisi yang lebih tinggi)

• east (di/ke timur)

• across (dari satu sisi ke sisi yang lain)

• indoors (di dalam ruangan)

• abroad (di/ke luar negeri)

• anywhere (di/ke tempat apapun)

• away (di/ke tempat lain, ke arah lain) • backward(s) (ke belakang)

• downstairs (di/ke lantai yang lebih rendah)

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

• here (disini, kesini) • nearby (dekat)

• uphill (ke atas bukit/lereng) • at home (di rumah) • under the bed

(di bawah tempat tidur)

Find the adverb and decide the kind of its adverb in the following sentences! (Temukan adverbnya dan tentukan jenis adverb pada kalimat berikut ini!) 1. She often wears flat shoes.

2. It’s hard to wake up early if you sleep late. 3. it Maybe they won’t come. 4. Ana really enjoys cooking.

5. You’re probably wondering why I’ve gathered you all here.

6. I store nothing under my bed.

7. You work too hard.

8. I visit my grandfather once every month. 9. I haven’t seen him since yesterday.

10. A good friend of mine lives nearby.

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READING PRACTICE

Listen to the recording carefully and translate the following passage! (Dengarkan rekaman dan terjemahkan bacaan di bawah ini!)

An Exciting Trip

I have just received a letter from my brother, Tim. He is in Australia. He has been there

for six months. Tim is an engineer. He is working for a big firm and he has already visited a great number of different places in Australia. He has just bought an Australian car and has gone to Alice Springs, a small town in the center of Australia. He will soon visit Dar-

win. From there, he will fly to Perth. My brother has never been abroad before, so he is finding this trip very exciting.

………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

………… Answer the following questions based on the passage above! (Jawab pertanyaan berikut ini berdasarkan bacaan di atas!) 1. Who is Tim?

……………………………………………………………………………………..

2. Where is Tim now?

…………………………………………………………………………………………..

3. How long has Tim in Australia?

…………………………………………………………………………………………..

4. What did Tim just buy?

…………………………………………………………………………………………..

5. Where will Tim visit?

…………………………………………………………………………………………..

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SPEAKING PRACTICE Listen to the recording and imitate the conversation! (Dengarkan rekaman dan tirulah percakapannya!) A: “Hey Paul. What are you doing here?”

B: “How’s it going? I’m meeting up with a friend here.”

A: “How have you been man?”

“Hai Paul. Kamu lagi ngapain?”

“Apa kabar? Aku akan bertemu teman disini.”

“Kamu gimana kabarnya?”

B: “Not too bad. I’m still in school and

“Lumayan. Aku masih sibuk sekolah

A: “How are you enjoying Mr. Lee’s history

“Gimana menurut kamu kelas Se-

having a little fun.” class?”

B: “It’s so boring.”

dan seneng-seneng aja.” jaranya pak Lee.”

“Bosenin banget.” A: “Tell me about it. If it wasn’t a requirement, “katakana padaku. Kalo bukan syarat, I wouldn’t have taken it.” aku tidak akan mengambilnya.” B: “How about you? What have you been

“Gimana kamu? Ngapain aja selama

A: “I finished school last spring. I’m searching

“Aku selesai sekolah musim kemaren.

up to?”

for a job now, but I’m slacking off.”

B: “I heard the job market is not that hot right now.”

A: “I could always take a low end job, but I’m not that desperate yet.”

B: “Well, good luck to you.”

A: “Thanks. It was good seeing you again.” B: “Yeah. I’ll catch you later.” A: “Have a good night.”

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

ini?”

Aku lagi nyari kerja, tapi aku gak akan patah semangat.”

“Aku dengar bursa kerja sedang lesu saat ini.”

“Aku bisa aja ambil kerja kasar, tapi aku belum putus asa.”

“Baiklah, semoga beruntung.”

“Makasih, senang bertemu kamu lagi.” “Iya. Aku akan hubungi kamu lagi.” “Selamat malam.”

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CHAPTER 5 ADJECTIVE A. Definisi

Adjective adalah kata yang digunakan untuk menerangkan noun atau pronoun yang

dapat berupa orang (person), tempat (place), binatang (animal), benda atau konsep

abstrak.

B. Posisi Adjective

Dalam kalimat bahasa Inggris, Adjective menempati posisi yang berbeda-beda. Untuk itu adjective ini dikelompokan dalam tiga tipe sesuai posisinya, yaitu:

Attributive adjective adalah adjective atau adjective phrase yang normalnya menempati posisi sebelum noun. Contoh: – My uncle owns two beautiful cottages.

(Paman saya memiliki dua cottage yang indah.)

– Diego wanted to know whether I had heard the good news.

(Diego ingin tau apakah saya telah mendengar berita baik tersebut.)

– Can I borrow your long ruler for a moment?

(Dapatkah saya meminjam penggaris panjangmu sebentar?)

– He’s smelling the white coffee. (sedang membaui kopi putih).

– When should they carry out the big plan?

(Kapan seharusnya mereka melaksanakan rencana besar tersebut?

Postpositive adjective adalah adjective (kata sifat) yang ditempatkan segera setelah noun (kata benda) atau pronoun (kata ganti noun) yang diterangkannya tanpa diselangi linking verb.

– He saw the prince royal wearing a dress of cloth and gold last night. (Dia melihat pangeran memakai pakaian dari kain dan emas semalam.) – I’m looking for something new and exciting to do. (Saya sedang mencari sesuatu yang baru dan menarik untuk dilakukan.)

Predicative adjective adalah adjective yang posisinya setelah noun yang diterangkannya dengan dipisahkan oleh linking verb (lain halnya dengan attributive)

– The children were naughty.

(Anak-anak itu dulunya nakal)

– She feels empty.

(Dia merasa hampa.)

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– I wish he were nicer to me.

(Saya berharap dia lebih baik pada saya.)

– Her life is full of hapiness.

(hidupnya penuh dengan kebahagiaan.)

– Vitamin E is good for our skin.

(Vitamin E bermanfaat untuk kulit kita.)

C. Urutan Adjetive

Adjective berfungsi untuk menerangkan noun. Biasanya posisi adjective di depan

noun yang diterangkannya (fungsi attributive). Ketika menerangkan noun, mungkin

digunakan lebih dari satu adjective. Pada situasi ini, kita perlu menggunakan adjec-

tive order (urutan adjective dalam bahasa Inggris berdasarkan kategori) untuk menempatkan setiap kata sifat tersebut pada posisi yang tepat.

Urutan Kategori

Penjelasan

1.

Opinion

menyatakan pendapat tentang sesuatu

2.

Size

3.

Age

menyatakan seberapa besar atau kecil suatu kata benda

4.

Shape

5.

Color

warna suatu kata benda benda

6.

Origin

Kebangsaan

7.

Material

menyatakan suatu benda terbuat dari apa

8.

Purpose

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menyatakan seberapa tua atau muda suatu kata benda

menyatakan bentuk suatu kata benda

Contoh

beautiful, dilligent, delicious, easy, good, important, nice, tidy big, enormous, large, little, small

ancient, antique, new, old, young annular, flat, hexagonal, rectangular, round, short, square

black, blue, brownish, green, purple, reddish, white Canadian, eastern, French, Greek, Indonesian, Thai cotton, gold, marble, silk, wooden

Menjelaskan sesuatu digunakan meeting, travelling, sleepuntuk apa (biasanya menggunakan ing, swimming, touring adjective berupa present participle)

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Beberapa contoh adjective order yang membentuk noun phrase adalah sebagai berikut. Deter

miner Opinion

A

beautiful

His

healthy

The

luxurious

Some delicious Two

Happy

Size

small

Age

large

Shape square curly

Color

reddish

young

Origin

italian

Material Purpose wooden

swimming

married

Noun

house pool hair

dishes

couples

VOCABULARY PRACTICE Find the meaning of the following adjectives! (Temukan arti dari kata sifat berikut ini!) 1.Afraid

2.Available 3.Black

4.Brief

5.Cruel

6.Cheerful 7.Deep

8.Disgusting

9.Eatable

10. Excellent

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: ……………………………

11.Fearless

12.Fuzzy

: …………………………… : ……………………………

13.Gentle

: ……………………………

15.Huge

: …………………………… : ……………………………

17.Inexpensive

: ……………………………

: ……………………………

: …………………………… : ……………………………

14.Grateful 16.Hungarian

18.Innocent 19.Jealous

20.Jumpy

: ……………………………

: ……………………………

: ……………………………

: ……………………………

: ……………………………

: ……………………………

: ……………………………

: ……………………………

: ……………………………

: ……………………………

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

READING PRACTICE

Listen to the recording carefully and translate the text! (Dengarkan rekaman dan terjemahkan textnya!)

No Wrong Numbers Mr. James Scott has a garage in Silbury and now he has just bought another garage in Pinhurst. Pinhurst is only five miles from Silbury, but Mr. Scott cannot get a telephone for his new garage, so he has just bought twelve pigeons. Yesterday, a pigeon carried the first message from Pinhurst to Silbury. The bird covered the distance in three minutes.

Up to now, Mr. Scott has sent a great many requests for spare parts and other urgents

messages from one garage to the other. In this way, he has begun his own private ‘telephone’ service.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………

Answer the following questions based on the passage above!

(Jawab pertanyaan berikut ini berdasarkan bacaan di atas!) 1.Who has a garage in Silbury?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2.How many garages does Mr. James Scott have?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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23

3.When did the pigron carry the first messages for Mr. James Scott?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

4.How long can the bird cover the distance between Pinhurst and Silbury?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

5.How many pigeon has Mr. James Scott buy?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… GRAMMAR PRACTICE

Arrange the following noun phrases into correct adjective order!

(Susunlah phrase kata benda di bawah ini menjadi urutan kata sifat yang tepat!) 1.Big – Sundaness – wooden – the – nice – brown – house

………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

2.Chinese – a – funny – handsome – old – comedian

………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

3.Cheap – wide – canvas – two – paintings

………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

4.Humble – tall – curvy – a – man

………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

5.Some – dark – deep – Antarctic – wild – fish

………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

SPEAKING PRACTICE Listen to the recording and imitate the conversation! (Dengarkan rekaman dan tirulah percakapannya!) Conversation 1

A:”Do you have any plans tonight?” B:”I have class until 5 O’clock, but I’m free after that.”

A:”Do you want to grab dinner?” B:”I don’t have any dinner

plans so that sounds great.”

A:”What time should we meet?”

B:”I need to go to the book store first, so let’s meet at 6 O’clock.”

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“Kamu ada rencana malam ini?”

“Aku ada kelas sampai jam 5 sore, tapi aku bebas abis itu.”

“Kamu mau makan malam?”

“Aku gak ada rencana makan malam jadi kedengarannya asik.”

“Jam berapa kita akan bertemu?”

“Aku harus ke toko buku dulu, jadi ayo ketemu jam 6 sore.”

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

Conversation 2

A:”Let’s go to Everland next week.”

“Ayo kita ke Everland minggu depan.”

A:”What are you doing next week?”

“Emang kamu ngapain minggu depan?”

B:”I can’t. I’m way too busy.”

B:”On Monday, I’m going to meet my professor. Tuesday, I have a job

interview. Wednesday, I’m going to

the dentist. And on Thursday, I have to go visit my parents.”

A:”Why are you so busy?”

B:”I’ve been procrastinating for a long time.”

“Gak bisa. Aku masih sangat sibuk.”

“Hari Senin, aku akan bertemu professor.

Selasa, Aku ada interview pekerjaan. Rabu, aku mau ke dokter gigi. Dan Kamis, Aku mengunjungi orang tuaku.”

“Kenapa kamu sangat sibuk?”

“Aku selalu menunda-nunda sebelumnya.”

Conversation 3

A:”What are you doing over the weekend?”

“Kamu mau ngapain di akhir pecan?”

and then watch tv.”

temen, kemudian nonton TV.”

B:”I’m going to exercise, meet some friends, A:”Who are you going to meet?”

B:”My friend from middle school is visiting,

“Aku mau olahraga, ketemu temen“Kamu mau ketemu siapa?”

“Temen SMA ku mau maen ke rumah,

so we are going to have dinner on Saturday.” jadi kita mau makan malam hari sabtu.” A:”How long is he going to stay?” B:”He is only here for a day.”

“Berapa lama dia akan me nginap?”

B:”I plan on taking him to an Italian restau-

“Kamu mau makan malam dimana?”

A:”Where are you going to eat dinner?” rant.”

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

“Cuma sehari.”

“Rencananya di Restoran Itali.”

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CHAPTER 6 CONJUNCTION A. Definisi

Conjunction adalah kata atau kelompok kata yang berfungsi menghubungkan dua konstruksi gramatikal yang sama yaitu: kata, frasa (phrase), atau klausa (clause). Kata atau

kelompok kata ini dapat dibedakan menjadi coordinate, correlative, subordinate, dan

adverbial conjunction (subjunctive adverb).

B. Macam dan Contoh Kalimat Conjunction 1. Coordinate Conjunction

Coordinate conjunction terdiri dari: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, dan so (fanboys). Kata hubung ini sering digunakan pada compound sentence untuk menghubungkan dua independent clause. Contoh kalimat: • I love running and swimming.

(Saya suka berlari dan berenang.)

• She wants a house, but she can’t afford it.

(Dia menginginkan sebuah rumah, tetapi tidak dapat membelinya.)

2. Correlative Conjunction

Correlative conjunction adalah kata hubung yang digunakan berpasangan. Terdiri dari:

between … and … (diantara … dan …)

the more … the less … (semakin banyak

either … or …, neither … nor

the more … the more …. (semakin

both … and … (baik … maupun) from … to …

not only … but also … (tak hanya … tapi juga)

…, semakin sedikit …),

banyak …, semakin banyak …. )

whether … or … (apakah … atau … )

Contoh kalimat:

• Both Mirza and Vina are currently taking English classes. (Baik Mirza maupun Vina saat ini sedang mengambil kelas

bahasa Inggris.) • The more we learn grammar, the less we face difficulties in writing. (Semakin banyak kita mempelajari grammar, semakin sedikit kita menghadapi kesulitan-kesulitan didalam menulis.)

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3. Subordinate Conjunction

Subordinate conjunction adalah kata hubung yang berada di awal suatu subordinate

clause yang disebut adverbial clause yang berfungsi membangun hubungan ide antara subordinate clause tersebut dengan main clause (berupa independent clause) yang membentuk complex sentence. • after (setelah)

• as (ketika, sementara)

• as soon as (segera setelah) • before (sebelum)

• so/so that (sehingga) • in order that (agar) • so that (agar)

• as long as (jika, dengan syarat)

• once (segera setelah)

• if (jika, dengan syarat)

• until/till (sampai)

• otherwise (jika tidak)

• whenever (kapan saja, sewaktu-

• provided /providing (that)

• since (sejak)

• when (ketika) waktu)

• only if (hanya jika) • or else (jika tidak)

(jika, dengan syarat)

• while (ketika, sementara)

• supposing (asumsikan, anggap)

• wherever (dimanapun)

• as if (seperti)

• where (dimana)

• although, even though, though \ (meskipun)

• whereas (sebaliknya, sedangkan)

• unless (jika tidak)

• as though (seperti)

• how (bagaimana)

• while (meskipun)

• the way (cara)

• as (karena)

• since (karena)

• even if (kalaupun)

• because (karena)

Contoh kalimat:

• I will call you when I get home.

(Saya akan menghubungimu ketika saya sampai di rumah.)

• We should be polite and humble wherever we live.

(Kita sebaiknya sopan dan rendah hati dimanapun kita tinggal.)

• Please open the window so that the smell will go away quickly. (Tolong buka jendela supaya bau itu akan pergi dengan cepat.)

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

27

4. Adverbial Conjunction

Adverbial Conjunction adalah adverb (kata keterangan) atau adverbial phrase yang dapat menghubungkan dengan logis dua independent clause yang berurutan. Adverbial clause terdiri dari:

• Also

• afterward

• furthermore

• at the same time

• at last

• besides

• meanwhile

• moreover

• finally

• however

• in the meantime

• in spite of

• then

• nonetheless

• next

• nevertheless

• as a result

• instead

• nevertheless

• on the other hand • still

• consequently • hence • so

•therefore

• accordingly

• thus

Contoh Kalimat:

• I was up all night and therefore I fell asleep at my desk.

(Saya terjaga sepanjang malam. Karena itu saya tertidur di meja.)

• It was a difficult and boring task, but nevertheless she managed to finish on time.

(Itu merupakan tugas yang sulit dan membosankan, tapi dia berhasil menyelesaikannya tepat waktu meskipun demikian.) Grammar Practice

Place the conjunction in the box into the blank space in the sentences correctly.

(Letakan kata sambung di dalam kotak ke ruang kosong pada kalimat dengan benar) So

even though

But

Before

the less

Because

furthermore Or

Nor

Therefore

1. Our new classmate is not bad; …, he’s very kind.

2. The more you prepare yourself for the Job Interview, … stress you may feel. 3. Neither Indah … her friends ate lunch here yesterday.

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4. To stay … to leave your job is your prerogative.

5. It wasn’t my will, … yours.

6. Kim eats many egg whites before work out … he wants to gain weight. 7. … you gave him 10 great reasons to never give up, he wouldn’t listen. 8. Sammy had someone handle her passport … he went to abroad.

9. The used car is very cheap; … , I want to buy it.

10. The weather was cold, … Bobby wore a jacket and gloves. Translation Practice

Translate the sentences above into Bahasa Indonesia.

(Terjemahkan kalimat di atas ke dalam Bahasa Indonesia)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

10. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… READING PRACTICE

Listen to the recording carefully and translate the text! (Dengarkan rekaman dan terjemahkan textnya!)

Percy Buttons

I have just moved to a house in Bridge Street. Yesterday a beggar knocked at my door. He

ask me for a meal and a glass of beer. In return for this, the beggar stood on his head and

sang songs. I gave him a meal. He ate the food and drank the beer. Then he put a piece of cheese in his pocket and went away. Later a neighbor told me about him. Every body

knows him. His name is Percy Buttons. He calls at every house in the street once a month and always asks for a meal and a glass of beer.

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29

……………………………………..

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………

Answer the following questions based on the passage above! (Jawab pertanyaan berikut ini berdasarkan bacaan di atas!) 1. When did a beggar knock the woman’s door?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

2. What did a beggar ask to the woman?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

3. What is the bagger’s name?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

4. When does the bagger call at every house in the street?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

5. What did the bagger do in return for a meal and a glass of beer?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

SPEAKING PRACTICE Listen to the recording and imitate the conversation! (Dengarkan rekaman dan tirulah percakapannya!)

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Conversation 1

A:”What did you do last night?”

B:”I met some friends and we had some drinks at a bar.”

A:”Did you drink a lot?”

B:”I got so drunk that I don’t remember how I got home.”

A:”Why did you drink so much?”

B:”I was so depressed. I just wanted to forget about everything.”

Conversation 2

A: “How was the airplane ride?”

B: “It was a twelve hour flight. It was so boring. I tried to sleep but it was too uncomfortable on the plane.”

A: “How about the movies they play on international flights?”

B: “I saw both movies they played. I was just unlucky.”

A: “Did you take a book with you?”

B: “I accidentally packed it with my luggage that I checked in.”

Conversation 3

“Kamu ngapain semalam?”

“Aku ketemuan sama temen-temen dan kita minum-minum di bar.”

“Apa kamu minum banyak?”

“Aku mabuk sekali sampe gak inget pulangnya gimana.”

“Kenapa kamu minum banyak sekali?”

“Aku stress banget. Aku ingin melupakan semuanya.”

“Gimana penerbanganmu?

“Penerbangannya makan waktu 12 jam. Bosenin banget. Aku coba tidur tapi gak nyaman banget di pesawat.”

“Gimana dengan film yang diputar di penerbangan internasional?”

“Aku nonton film yang diputar. Aku Cuma gak beruntung aja.”

“Apa kamu bawa buku?”

“Aku gak sengaja mengemasnya di bagasi saat check in.”

A: “What did you do last weekend?”

“Kamu ngapain akhir pecan kemarin?”

A: “How was the party?”

“Gimana pestanya?”

B: “I went to a party.”

B: “It was way too crowded and the food was gone before I got there.”

A: “What time did you get home?”

B: “It was pretty boring so I left at ten and got home before eleven.”

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

“Aku pergi ke peseta.”

“Pestanya terlalu rame dan makanannya habis sebelum aku sampe sana.” “Kamu pulang jam berapa?”

“Pestanya bosenin banget jadi aku pulang

jam 10 dan sampe rumah sebelum jam 11.”

31

CHAPTER 7 PREPOSITION A. Definisi

Preposition adalah kata yang bersama objeknya (disebut object of preposition) men-

erangkan verb, noun, atau adjective. Object of preposition dapat berupa noun, pronoun, atau gerund. Kata ini merupakan satu dari delapan part of speech bahasa Inggris.

B. Macam-macam proposition

Berdasarkan fungsinya, ada beberapa macam preposition. Berikut diantaranya.

1. Preposition of time: untuk memberi petunjuk waktu (at night, after lunch, during

the storm), waktu itu ditampilkan dalam gabungan preposition dengan kata benda yang mengikutinya (object of preposition) yang membentuk prepositional phrase. Contoh Makna At

Sesudah : after lunch, after break Jam : at 9 o’clock Di/pada : at night, at the end Hari besar : at Lebaran, at new year

Contoh On

during

Selama : during the trip

Since

from

Dari : from morning Di : in 1998 Dalam : in 3 months

To

after

By

For In

Over

Menjelang : by the end of this month Past

Selama : for a week

till/until

Of

Makna

Selama (periode) : over holiday Hari/bulan : on Monday, on May Tanggal : on July 23, 1998 Tepat waktu : on time Melebihi : 15 past eight

Sejak : since 2005, since yesterday

Sampai : till tomorrow

Kurang : five to ten Sebelum : five minutes of nine o’clock

Contoh kalimat:

• Via has been here since yesterday. (Via sudah disini sejak kemarin.)

• I will visit many historical places during my vacation.

(Saya akan mengunjungi banyak tempat bersejarah selama liburan.)

2. Preposition of place and position: untuk memberi petunjuk tempat atau posisi (among his friends, inside my pc, outside the auditorium),

Contoh aboard about

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Makna Di atas: aboard the roof Di dekat/di sekitar : about my home

Contoh Away from behind

Makna Jauh dari : away from home Di belakang : behind the bookstore

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Contoh above

along alongside among

around

In/inside near

outside

On

Under

Makna Di atas/lebih tinggi dari : above fence Benda diam di atas benda : above us Di sepanjang : along the A. Yani street Di tepi : alongside Cimanuk street Diantara tiga atau lebih : among his friends Dekat/disekitar : around this street Di dalam : in the garden, in a box, in a class, in the window Dekat : near the library

Di luar : outside the building Di atas (menempel) : on the table Jalan : on Ciung street Di bawah : under the table

Contoh At

beside between below

beneath By

Nect to In the middle underneath

Makna Tempat umum beraktifitas : at home, at school, at work Tempat tertentu : at bus stop Di samping : beside the house Diantara dua : between post office and gas station Di bawah Di bawah/lebih rendah : beneath the highway Dekat : stand by her Di sebelah : next to me Di tengah : in the middle of dining room Di bawah (menempel)

Contoh kalimat: • The table is put in the middle of the dinning room (Meja tersebut diletakkan di tengah ruang makan) • Among all of my friends, Susi is my best one (diantara teman-temanku, susi yang terbaik) 3. Preposition of movement: untuk memberi petunjuk arah pergerakan (towards the post office, go up stairs, out of the hall). Preposition of movement dan artinya around / about (mengelilingi / sekitar) away from (menjauh dari) away to (melaju ke / menuju ke) by/past (melewati) down (menuruni) inside (dalam, punya penekanan batas) into ((menuju) ke dalam, ke arah) off (lepas/copot) onto ((menuju) ke atas) out of (keluar dari batas yang diijinkan, keluar dari dalam over (benda yang menyebrangi benda lain) to (ke, menuju, kepada) toward(s) (menuju) up (naik ke)

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Contoh Kalimat The moon rotates around the world He walks away from me We are going away to fitness center We will be past the train station The runners run down the hills You come inside the classroom He leave into the Cirebon Grage Mall I take off my cloth before taking a shower The climber climbs onto the hill The students study out of class We must get over the sea to Sumatra We weill travel to Bali The secretary is going towards the bank The game station is up stairs

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GRAMMAR PRACTICE

Put in the correct preposition (choose in / on / at).

(Letakan preposisi yang tepat (pilihlah in / on /at)

1.Lucy is arriving ………. February the 13th …………… eight o’clock ………….. the morning.

2. The weather is often terrible in London ………… January. 3. It’s better to get taxi if you are out alone ………….. night. 4. She got married ………. September.

5. They usually go to the south of France ……….. the summer.

6. Columbus sailed to the Americas ……….. the 16th century 7. The Beatles were popular ……….. the 1960s. 8. I graduated from university ………… 2001.

9. His birthday is ………… June.

10. I usually go to my parents’ house ………….. Lebaran. We eat Kupat together ……….. Lebaran Day.

11. He’s swimming ………… the river.

12. Where’s Julie? She’s ………… school. 13. The plant is ……….. the table.

14. Please put those apples ………….. the bowl. 15. Lucy was standing …………. the bus stop. 16. She hung a picture ………… the wall.

17. Don’t sit ……….. the table! Sit ………… a chair. 18. There’s nothing ………… TV tonight. 19. John is …………. the garden.

20. I’ll meet you ………….. the cinema. READING PRACTICE

Listen to the recording carefully and translate the text! (Dengarkan rekaman dan terjemahkan textnya!)

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Too late

The plane was late and detectives were waiting at the airport all morning. They were expecting a valuable parcel of diamonds from South Africa. A few hours earlier, someone

had told the police that thieves would try to steal the diamonds. When the plane arrived, some of the detectives were waiting inside the main building while others were waiting on the airfield. Two men took the parcel off the plane and carried it into the Customs

House. While two detectives were keeping guard at the door, two others opened the parcel. To their surprise, the precious parcel was full of stones and sand! …………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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SPEAKING PRACTICE Listen to the recording and imitate the conversation! (Dengarkan rekaman dan tirulah percakapannya!) Conversation 1

A: “Hey John, it’s beautiful out today, isn’t it?” “Hey John, hari ini hari yang indah, iya kan?” B: “Yeah. I wish it would be like this everyday.” “Yeah. Aku harap selalu kayak gini setiap hari.” A: “Did you see the weather forecast?” “Kamu liat lamaran cuaca?” B: “Unfortunately, it’s supposed to start rain- “Sayangnya, sepertinya akan mulai hujan ing tomorrow night.” besok malam.”

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Conversation 2 A: “Do you know what the weather is going to be like tomorrow?” B: “It’s supposed to be the same as today. I don’t think the weather will change much for the next week or so.” A: “That’s great.” B: “Why are you so happy? Do you have anything planned?” A: “Yeah, I’m going to Everland with my family this weekend so I was hoping for good weather.”

“Kamu tahu gimana cuaca besok?”

“Sepertinya sama kayak hari ini. Aku gak fikir cuaca akan banyak berubah minggu depan.” “OK.” “Kenapa kamu seneng sekali? Kamu punya rencana?” “Yeah, aku akan ke Everland dengan keluargaku minggu depan jadi aku berharap cuacanya bagus.”

Conversation 3 “Aku gak percaya kok bisa hujan deras.” “Tidak seburuk itu. Tahun lalu kita mengalami banjir di 4 wilayah kota yang berbeda.” A: “Really? Does it always rain so much during “Yang bener? Apakah selalu hujan deras sepanjang tahun ini?” this time of year?” “Ini tidak seburuk biasanya. Musim monsoon, B: “This is not as bad as usual. During the kita biasanya hujan selama seminggu.” monsoon season, we usually have rain for 3 weeks.” A: “I can’t believe it is raining so much.” B: “It’s not that bad. Last year we had floods in 4 different areas of the city.”

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CHAPTER 8 PRESENT TIME A. Definisi

Pada bab ini kita akan membahas tentang present time, apa itu present time? Present

time adalah kalimat bahasa Inggris yang menunjukan tidakan atau kegiatan yang

berhubungan dengan masa sekarang. Dalam buku yang kalian pegang saat ini, present time disederhanakan menjadi 2 jenis; yaitu: 1. Simple Present

Simple Present menyatakan kegiatan sehari-hari, kegiatan yang biasa dilakukan, dan pernyataan umum. Contohnya:

a) Andi goes to school at 6.30 every day. (Kegiatan sehari-hari)

b) I often buy English books in Gramedia. (Kegiatan yang biasa dilakukan) c) The sun shines, the plants grow. (Pernyataan umum) 2. Present Progressive

Present progressive menyatakan kegiatan yang sedang terjadi saat ini. Contohnya: a) We are studying English right now.

b) Susan is daydreaming in the corner.

c) I am reading an English book with my teacher. B. Bentuk Kalimat Simple Present dan Present Progressive

Ada tiga bentuk kalimat Simple Present dan Present Progressive, yaitu positive, nega-

tive, dan interrogative. Setiap bentuk kalimat memiliki aturannya masing-masing. Perhatikan tabel berikut:

Positive

Negative

Simple Present I-You-We-They He-She-It I-You-We-They He-She-It

Interrogative Do

Does

learn. learns.

do not learn. does not learn.

I-You-We-They learn? He-She-It learn?

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Present Progressive I am You-We-They are He-She-It is I am You-We-They are He-She-It is Am I Are You-We-They Is He-She-It

learning. learning. learning. not learning. not learning. not learning. learning? learning? learning?

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WRITING PRACTICE

All the following sentences are incorrect, correct them by using correct formula as you study above!

(Semua kalimat berikut ini salah, perbaiki kesalahan tersebut!) Contoh: I no know the answer. (Salah)

I do not know the answer. (Benar)

Salah

Benar

1. Rudi are playing football in the field.

………………………………………………………………

3. I am usually study English.

………………………………………………………………

2. We always watches a movie every month. ……………………………………………………………… 4. He often taking my dinner.

5. Do your brother get school here?

6. Maria and Ani is hanging out together. 7. Am I walk here?

8. It come every afternoon.

………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………

9. Marry no have any problem.

………………………………………………………………

10.We speaks English every day.

………………………………………………………………

LISTENING & READING PRACTICE

Listen to the recording carefully and translate the text!

(Dengarkan rekaman dan terjemahkan textnya!)

The Best and the Worst

Joe Sanders has the most beautiful garden in our town. Nearly everybody enters for “The Nicest Garden Competition” each year, but Joe wins every time. Bill Frith’s garden is

larger than Joe’s. Bill works harder than Joe and grows more flowers and vegetables, but Joe’s garden is more interesting. He has made neat paths and has built a wooden bridge

over pool. I like gardens too, but I do not like hard work. Every year I enter for the garden competition too, and I always win a little prize for the worst garden in the town. …………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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Answer the following questions based on the passage above!

(Jawab pertanyaan berikut ini berdasarkan bacaan di atas!) 1.

Who has the most beautiful garden in the town?

2.

What is the competition held each year?

3.

Who has the larger garden between Joe and Bill?

4.

Which garden is more interesting between Joe’s and Bill’s?

5.

Who wins the competition everytime?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… SPEAKING PRACTICE Listen to the recording and imitate the conversation! (Dengarkan rekaman dan tirulah percakapannya!) Conversation 1

A: “I hear Batman is supposed to be good.

“Aku denger Batman bagus. Kamu mau non-

B: “I have to eat dinner with my family

“Aku harus makan malam dengan keluargaku

Do you want to go see it tomorrow?”

ton besok?”

tomorrow.”

besok.”

starts at nine forty five.”

Aku kira pemutarannya mulai jam 9.45.”

A: “We can watch the late show. I think it B: “That would be great.”

A: “What time can you be at the theater by?”

B: “I can be there by 9:15.”

A: “Ok. I’ll meet you there.”

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“Kita bisa nonton yang pemutaran terakhir. “Bisa tuh.”

“Jam berapa kamu akan berada di bioskop?” “Aku akan sampai sana sekitar jam 9.15” “OK, aku akan menemui mu disana.”

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Conversation 2

A:”What are you doing tomorrow?”

“Kamu mau ngapain besok?”

A:”Let’s watch a movie or something.”

“Ayo nonton film atau apa gitu.”

B: “Nothing really.”

B: “What’s on these days?”

A:”I think they’re playing Lord of the Rings” B: “That sounds pretty good. Let’s watch

that.”

A:”Where should we meet?”

B: “How about at the subway entrance?”

“Gak ada yang penting.”

“Apa yang lagi diputar?”

“Aku rasa mereka lagi muter Lord of the Ring.”

“Bagus tuh. Ayo nonton itu.” “Dimana kita ketemu?”

“Gimana kalo di pintu masuk subway?

A:”Alright. I’ll meet you there at one o’clock.” “Baiklah. Aku akan menemuimu jam 1.”

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CHAPTER 9

PAST TIME

A. Definisi

Past time merupakan kalimat yang menggunakan keterangan waktu lampau, jadi semua

tindakan yang sedang dibicarakan sudah benar-benar terjadi atau tidak lagi dilakukan saat

tindakan itu dibicarakan. Berbeda dengan bahasa Indonesia, dalam bahasa Inggris, jika

kita membicarakan tindakan atau kejadian yang terjadi di masa lampau maka kata kerja

akan berubah sesuai dengan atauran yang berlaku. Perubahan kata tersebut dibagi men-

jadi dua yaitu ada kata kerja yang berubahnya beraturan (Regular Verb) dan kata kerja

yang berubahnya tidak beraturan (Irregular Verb).

Secara sederhana, past time dibagi menjadi dua; yaitu simple past dan simple past tense.

Berikut ini definisi dan contohnya:

1. Simple Past digunakan untuk membicarakan aktivitas atau situasi yang dimulai dan di-

akhiri di waktu lampau. Contoh:

• I slept for eight hours yesterday.

• Our plan arrived on time last night. 2. Past Pregressive digunakan untuk membicarakan aktivitas atau situasi yang sedang ter-

jadi saat kejadian lain di waktu lampau. Contoh:

• I was eating dinner when Tom came to my house.

• When the phone rang, I was sleeping.

B. Bentuk Kalimat Simple Past dan Past Progressive Ada tiga bentuk kalimat Simple Past dan Past Progressive, yaitu positive, negative, dan interrogative. Setiap bentuk kalimat memiliki aturannya masing-masing. Perhatikan tabel berikut:

Positive

Negative Interrogative

Simple Present

I-You-We-They He-She-It

learned. learned.

Present Progressive

I was You-We-They were He-She-It was

learning. learning. learning.

I was not learning. I-You-We-They did not learn. He-She-It did not learn. You-We-They were not learning. He-She-It was not learning. Did Did

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I-You-We-They learn? He-She-It learn?

Was Were Was

I You-We-They He-She-It

learning? learning? learning?

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*Catatan: Untuk penggunaan tidak resmi (informal speech) • Did not biasa disingkat didn’t • Was not menjadi wasn’t dan were not menjadi weren’t GRAMMAR PRACTICE Change the following positive sentences into negatives and interrogative sentences. (Rubah kalimat positive di bawah ini menjadi kalimat negative dan kalimat Tanya) 1. (+) Rita went to supermarket with her mom yesterday. (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. (+) The bus stopped in front of my house and blocked my way out. (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. (+) We swam in the swimming pool last weekend. (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. (+) Our teacher invited us to his wedding party last week. (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5. (+) Many friends were sick yesterday (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6. (+) I was having breakfast when Susi picked me up to school this morning. (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7. (+) Some workers were doing their job when their boss came. (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8. (+) Many students played football in the field this break time. (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9. (+) The airplane were late for 2 hours last night. (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10. (+) Her father took her up from the course yesterday. (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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LISTENING & READING PRACTICE Listen to the recording carefully and translate the text! (Dengarkan rekaman dan terjemahkan textnya!) The Best and the Worst On Wednesday evening, we went to the Town Hall. It was the last day of the year and a large crowd of people had gathered under the Town Hall clock. It would strike twelve in twenty minutes’ time. Fifteen minutes passed and then, at five to twelve, the clock stopped. The big minute hand did not move. We waited and waited, but nothing happened. Suddenly someone shouted. ‘It’s two minutes past twelve! The clock has stopped!’ I looked at my watch. It was true. The big clock refused to welcome the New Year. At that moment, everybody began to laugh and sing. ………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………… Answer the following questions based on the passage above! (Jawab pertanyaan berikut ini berdasarkan bacaan di atas!) 1. When did the story happen? ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2. What time did the clock stopped? ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3. What did someone shout? ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4. Where did the people gather? ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5. When did everybody realize that the clock stopped? …………………………………………………………………………………………..

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SPEAKING PRACTICE Listen to the recording and imitate the conversation! (Dengarkan rekaman dan tirulah percakapannya!) Conversation 1

A: “What type of movies do you like?” B: “I like all sorts of movies, primarily drama and science fiction.” A: “That’s an interesting combination. How about western movies?” B: “Western and horror are the two types of movies I don’t care for.” A: “Why don’t you like horror? They’re entertaining.” B: “Some are entertaining, but I find most of them stupid and childish. For example, I don’t understand why a person always goes into the house alone when something is suspicious.” A: “Ha ha. I know what you mean. But it’s just a movie. They need for the characters to do that.” Conversation 2

“Kamu suka nonton film apa?” “Aku suka semua jenis film, khususnya Drama dan fiksi ilmiah.” “Gabungan yang menarik. Gimana dengan film barat.” “Film barat dan horror adalah dua jenis film yang saya gak peduli.” “Kenapa kamu gak suka film horror? Kan menghibur.” “Beberapa meemang menghibur, tapi aku liat lebih banyak yang bodoh dan kekanakkanakan. Contohnya, aku gak ngerti kenapa seseorang selalu masuk ke rumah sendiri saat sesuatu mencurigakan.” “Ha ha. Aku tahu apa maksud kamu. Tapi namanya juga film. Mereka butuh karakter untuk melakukannya.”

A:”Hey, you wanna see a movie tomorrow?” B: “Sounds like a good plan. What do you want to see?” A:”How about Legally Blonde.” B: “Ah, my girlfriend wanted to see that movie. I have to take her later so I don’t want to watch it ahead of time. How about The Cube?” A:”Isn’t that a scary movie?” B: “How scary can it be? Come on, it’ll be fun.” A:”Ok. I’ll give it a try.” B: “That’s the spirit. I’ll see you tomorrow after class.” A:”Ok. See you tomorrow.”

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“Hey, kamu mau nonton film besok?” “Kedengarannya rencana yang bagus. Kamu mau nonton apa?” “Gimana kalau Legally Blonde.” Ah, pacarku pengen nonton film itu. Aku harus menjemputnya jadi aku gak mau nonton duluan. Gimana kalau The Cube?” “Itu kan film serem?” “Seberapa serem sih? Ayo lah, kan seru.” “Oke. Aku coba deh.” “Gitu donk. Aku akan menemui mu besok setelah kelas.” “Oke. Sampai ketemu besok.” PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

CHAPTER 10 FUTURE TIME A. Definisi

Futer time adalah tense yang membicarakan kegiatan atau tindakan yang terjadi di masa depan. Dalam buku ini, future time dibagi menjadi dua; yaitu:

1. Simple future tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa suatu aksi terjadi dimasa depan, secara spontan atau

terencana. Simple future tense dibentuk dari modal auxiliary verb “will” atau “shall” dan bare infinitive (bentuk dasar verb) atau dibentuk dari phrasal modal “be going to”.

Contoh: He will win.

(Dia akan menang)

They are going to come. (Dia akan datang)

2. Past future tense atau “future in the past” adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja

untuk membicarakan masa depan dari perspektif masa lalu. Past future tense dibentuk dari modal “would” dan bare infinitive atau dibentuk dari auxiliary verb “be” (was, were), present participle “going”.

Contoh: He would forgive you.

(Dia akan memaafkanmu)

Lia was going to give two beautiful scarfs to her friend.

(Dia akan memberikan dua syal yang indah kepada temannya)

B. Bentuk-bentuk Future Time Positive Negative Interrogative

Simple Future 1

I-You-We-They He-She-It

will learn. will learn.

Past Future 1

I-You-We-They He-She-It

would

would

learn.

learn.

I-You-We-They will not learn. I-You-We-They would not learn. He-She-It will not learn. He-She-It would not learn. Will Will

I-You-We-They learn? He-She-It learn?

Would Would

You-We-The He-She-It

learn? learn?

*Catatan: Untuk penggunaan tidak resmi (informal speech) • Will not biasa disingkat won’t • Would not menjadi wasn’t dan were not menjadi wouldn’t

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Positive Negative Interrogative

Simple Future 2

Past Future 2

You-We-They are going to learn. You-We-They were going to learn. I-He-She-Itis not going to learn. I-He-She-It was not going to learn.

IYou-We-They are not going to You-We-They were not going to learn. I-He-She-It was not going to learn. learn. I-He-She-It is not going to learn. Are You-We-They going to learn? Is I-He-She-It going to learn?

Were You-We-They going to learn? Was I-He-She-It going to learn?

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

Change the following positive sentences into negatives and interrogative sentences. (Rubah kalimat positive di bawah ini menjadi kalimat negative dan kalimat Tanya) 1. (+) I will bring my motorcycle repaired. (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. (+) My friends are going to come here. (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. (+) Andi will join English speech competition next week. (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. (+) We shall go to Brian’s birthday party. (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5. (+) I will be a diligent student. (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6. (+) My boss will give you more salary if you join us. (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7. (+) He is going to propose you my dear. (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8. (+) I shall do my homework right now. (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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9. (+) Next week my parents will come to my Islamic Boarding School. (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10. (+) “Keluarga Cemara” The movie will show soon. (-) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. (?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… LISTENING & READING PRACTICE

Listen to the recording carefully and translate the text! (Dengarkan rekaman dan terjemahkan textnya!)

Not For Jazz

We have an old musical instrument. It is called a clavichord is kept in the livingroom. It

has belonged to our family for a long time. The instrument was bought by my grandfather many years ago. Recently it was damaged by a visitor. She tried to play jazz on it!

She struck the keys too hard and two of the strings were broken. My father was shoked. Now we are not allowed to touch it. It is being repaired by a friend of my father’s. …………………………………………

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…………

Answer the following questions based on the passage above!

(Jawab pertanyaan berikut ini berdasarkan bacaan di atas!) 1. What does the family have?

…………………………………………………………………………………………..

2. What is the name of the old musical instrument?

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3. How long does the family have the instrument? ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4. Who bought the instrument? ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5. Why does the father forbid the writer to touch it? …………………………………………………………………………………………..

SPEAKING PRACTICE

Listen to the recording and imitate the conversation!

(Dengarkan rekaman dan tirulah percakapannya!) Conversation 1 “Kamu mau ngapain besok?” A:”What are you doing tomorrow?” “Aku mau di rumah aja dan nonton B: “I’m going to stay home and watch a video.” video.” “Mau nonton apa?” A:”What are you going to watch?” “Aku nyewa Last of Mohican. Udah B: “I rented Last of the Mohican. Have you seen nonton film ini?” it?” “Itu salah satu film favoritku. Kamu A:”That was one of my favorite movies. You will gak akan kecewa nontonnya.” not be disappointed.” Conversation 2 A:”What’s your favorite food?” B: “I like Chinese food the most.” A:”Have you been to the Chinese restaurant on 44th street.” B: “No I haven’t. Is it any good?” A:”It’s my favorite Chinese restaurant. I believe you will like it.” B: “That sounds great. Let’s go.”

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“Apa makanan kesukaanmu?” “Aku paling suka masakan China.” “Udah pernah ke restoran China di jalan 44?” “Belum. Apa masakannya enak?” “itu restoran favoritku. Aku yakin kamu akan menyukainya.” “Mantap. Ayo ke sana.”

Conversation 3 A:”Hey Jack. How were your classes this semester?” B: “They were not too bad. I really digged (liked) my poli-science class.” A:”Would you consider it your favorite class?” B: “I don’t know if I would call it my favorite, but it ranks up there.” A:”What class was your favorite then?” B: “I took a business communication class last year and it was terrific.” A:”I never took that yet. If that was your favorite, I think I will check it out.”

“Hai Jack. Gimana kelasmu semester ini?” “Lumayan. Aku sangat suka kelas IPA.” “Apakah itu kelas favoritmu?” “Aku gak tahu apakah itu kelas favoritku, tapi sepertinya gitu.” “Jadi apa kelas favoritmu? “Aku ambil kelas komunikasi bisnis tahun lalu dan kelas nya luar biasa.”

“Aku belum pernah mengambilnya. Kalau itu kelas kesukaanmu, kayaknya aku akan coba.” PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

CHAPTER 11 PERFECT TIME

A. Definisi

Perfect Time adalah kalimat bahasa Inggris untuk menyatakan kejadian atau peris-

tiwa yang benar-benar telah terjadi. Jadi, itulah kenapa disebut perfect. Dalam buku ini perfect time dibagi dua, yaitu:

1. Present perfect tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk

menyatakan suatu aksi atau situasi yang telah dimulai di masa lalu dan masih

berlanjut sampai sekarang atau telah selesai pada suatu titik waktu tertentu di masa lalu namun efeknya masih berlanjut. Contoh: I have read the book.

(Aku telah membaca buku itu) He has left.

(Dia telah pergi)

2. Past perfect tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk meny-

atakan bahwa suatu aksi telah selesai pada suatu titik di masa lalu sebelum aksi lainnya terjadi.

Contoh: I had slept when you called me.

(Aku telah tidur saat kamu meneleponku)

He had come before you came.

(Dia telah datang sebelum kamu datang)

B. Bentuk-bentuk Future Time Positive Negative Interrogative

Present Perfect I-You-We-They have learned. He-She-It has learned.

Past Perfect I-You-We-They had He-She-It

had

learn.

learn.

II-You-We-They have not learn. I-You-We-They had not learn. He-She-It has not learn. He-She-It had not learn. . Have I-You-We-They learn? Had You-We-The learn? Has He-She-It learn? Had He-She-It learn?

*Catatan: Untuk penggunaan tidak resmi (informal speech) • have not / has not biasa disingkat haven’t/hasn’t • had not menjadi hadn’t

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GRAMMAR PRACTICE

Change the following positive sentences into negatives and interrogative sentences.

(Rubah kalimat positive di bawah ini menjadi kalimat negative dan kalimat Tanya) 1. (+) I have sent the letter since last week.

(-) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(?) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………

2. (+) My sister has told you about the homework.

(-) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(?) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3. (+) The train has left for 1 hour.

(-) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(?) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………

4. (+) A bird had flawn to the sky when I checked the cage.

(-) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(?) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………

5. (+) President has built the infrastructure for 800 km long.

(-) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(?) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………

6. (+) I looked the window, but the guest had gone.

(-) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(?) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………

7. (+) A repairman has repaired my broken motorcycle

(-) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(?) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………

8. (+) I shall do my homework right now.

(-) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(?) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………

9. (+) Next week my parents will come to my Islamic Boarding School.

(-) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(?) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………

10. (+) “Keluarga Cemara” The movie will show soon.

(-) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(?) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

LISTENING & READING PRACTICE

Listen to the recording carefully and translate the text! (Dengarkan rekaman dan terjemahkan textnya!)

One Good Turn Deserves Another I was having dinner at a restaurant when Harry Steele came in. Harry worked in a

lawyer’s office years ago, but he is now working at a bank. He gets a good salary, but he

always borrows money from his friends and never pays it back. Harry saw me and came and sat at the same table. He has borrowed money from me. While he was eating, I

asked him to lend me £ 2. To my surprise, he gave me the money immediately. “I have

never borrowed any money from you” Harry said, “so now you can pay for my dinner!” …………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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…………

Answer the following questions based on the passage above!

(Jawab pertanyaan berikut ini berdasarkan bacaan di atas!) 1. Who always borrows money?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

2. Where is Harry working?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3. How much money did the writer borrow to Harry?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

4. Where did Harry work before he works at a bank?

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5. Where did Harry sit?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

SPEAKING PRACTICE

Listen to the recording and imitate the conversation! (Dengarkan rekaman dan tirulah percakapannya!) `Conversation 1 A: “Hey Bob. Whatcha you doing?” B: “I’m at home painting.” A: “I didn’t know you paint. What type of painting is it?” B: “I enjoy oil painting. I learned it in one of my extra classes in college.” A: “That sounds so interesting. I wish I learned a hobby.” B: “Hobbies are never too late to learn. They offer a variety of classes at the local community college. You should look into it.” A: “I think I will. Thanks for the info.” Conversation 2

A: “Hey Joanne. What are you up to?” B: “I’m just watching some television.” A: “I’m so bored. I don’t know what I’m going to do today and it is only ten in the morning.” B: “Me too. Do you think we are boring people?” A: “I don’t think we are boring. It’s just that we don’t have any hobbies.” B: “That’s right. What do you think we should do as a hobby?” A: “That all depends on what you like to do. For example, I like to doodle on the notepad, so I’m thinking about doing some real drawings.” B: “I like to play the piano for fun.”

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A: “Yeah. That can be a good hobby.” B: “Hobbies are great. I’m going to make a list of all the things I like to do.” A: “That’s a great idea. I’m going to do the same.”

“Hai Bob. Lagi ngapain?” “Aku di rumah lagi melukis.” “Aku gak tahu kamu suka melukis. Lukisan jenis apa itu?” “Aku suka lukisan minyak. Aku belajar dari kelas ekskul di kampus.” “Sangat menarik. Aku juga pengen punya hobbi.” “Hobbi tidak akan pernah terlambat untuk dipelajari. Bayank ekskul di kampus. Kamu harus coba.” “Iya deh. Makasih infonya.” “Hai Joanna. Lagi ngapain?” “Aku lagi nonton TV.” “Aku bosen banget. Aku gak tahu mw ngapain hari ini dan gini-gini aja dari pagi.” “Aku juga. Apa emang kita orang yang membosankan?” “Gak juga. Kita Cuma gak punya hobbi.” “Bener juga. Kira-kira apa ya hobi yang asik?” “Tergantung kamu suka nglakuin apa. Contohnya, aku suka coret-coret di kertas, jadi kayaknya aku mau coba menggambar.” “Aku suka main piano buat senengseneng.” “Ya. Bisa tuh jadi hobi yang bagus.” “Hobi emang bagus. Aku mau buat daftar hobi yang suka aku lakuin.” “Ide yang bagus. Aku juga deh.” PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

CHAPTER 12 PASSIVE VOICE A. Devinisi

Passive voice adalah suatu grammatical construction (bentuk gramatikal) dimana

subject kalimat tidak melakukan aksi, melainkan menerima aksi (sebagai receiver of

action). Aksi ditindaklanjuti oleh agent lain (sebagai doer of action) yang dapat dise-

butkan ataupun tidak.

B. Bentuk Passive Voice

Passive voice dibentuk dari auxiliary verb dan past participle (verb-3).

Auxiliary verb + Verb 3

Auxiliary verb yang digunakan pada passive voice dapat berupa: • primary auxiliary verb “be” (is, are, am, was, were),

• kombinasi antara dua primary auxiliary verb (is/are being, was/were being, has/have

been), atau

• kombinasi primary auxiliary verb dan modal auxiliary verb (will be, will have been)

Adapun past participle yang digunakan berupa kata kerja transitive. Past participle diperoleh dengan menambahkan -ed, -en, -d, -t, -n, atau -ne pada base form berupa regular verb. Pada base form berupa irregular verb, bentuk past participle tidak konsisten. C. Rumus Passive Voice Andi drinks milk.

Milk is drunk by Andi.

Andi drank milk.

Milk was drunk by Andi.

Andi is drinking milk. Andi was drinking milk. Andi will drink milk.

Milk is being drunk by Andi. Milk was being drunk by Andi. Milk will be drunk by Andi.

Andi would drink milk.

Milk would be drunk by Andi.

Andi had drunk milk.

Milk had been drunk by Andi.

Andi has drunk milk.

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Milk has been drunk by Andi.

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GRAMMAR PRACTICE

Change the following active sentences into passive voice.

(Rubah kalimat aktif di bawah ini menjadi kalimat pasif) 1. (Acvtive) We study English every day.

(Passive) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

2. (Acvtive) Austin played football yesterday.

(Passive) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

3. (Acvtive) Sinta will make some dolls.

(Passive) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

4. (Acvtive) She has eaten some food.

(Passive) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

5. (Acvtive) They are watching movie.

(Passive) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

6. (Acvtive) The car had hit the tree.

(Passive) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

7. (Acvtive) I was fishing the fish in seashore.

(Passive) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

8. (Acvtive) You would try it.

(Passive) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

9. (Acvtive) We are turning on the radio.

(Passive) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

10.

(Acvtive) I rides a horse.

(Passive) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

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PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

LISTENING & READING PRACTICE

Listen to the recording carefully and translate the text! (Dengarkan rekaman dan terjemahkan textnya!)

Goodbye and Good Luck

Our neighbor, Captain Charles Alison, will sail from Portsmouth tomorrow. We shall meet

him at harbor early in the morning. He will be in his small boat, Topsail. Topsail is a fa-

mous little boat. It has sailed across the Atlantic many times. Captain Alison will set out

at eight o’clock, so we shall have plenty of time. We shall see his boat and then we shall say goodbye to him. He will be away for two months. We are very proud of him. He will take part in an importany race across the Atlantic.

…………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………

Answer the following questions based on the passage above!

(Jawab pertanyaan berikut ini berdasarkan bacaan di atas!) 1. Who is Captain Charles Alison?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

2. Where does the story happen?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3. When will the writer meet Captain Charles Alison?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

4. How long will Captain Charles Alison sail tomorrow?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

5. What will the writer do to captain?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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SPEAKING PRACTICE

Listen to the recording and imitate the conversation! (Dengarkan rekaman dan tirulah percakapannya!) Conversation 1

A: “Hey Michael. Where are you going?” B: “Nowhere special. I was just taking a walk.” A: “What for?” B: “To get a little exercise. I’m so out of shape.” A: “Hey, I play basketball with a bunch of friends twice a week. It’s great exercise and it’s fun too. Why don’t you come out and play with us?” B: “That sounds great. Give me a call next time you guys play.” Conversation 2

A: “All I do all day is work and watch TV. I really

should start thinking about my health.” B: “I never thought about that, but you’re right. What do you think we should do?” A: “For starters, we should start doing more outdoor activities. That way we’ll get some exercise.” B: “I was thinking about taking tennis lessons. I always have an hour to spare in the afternoon. What do you think about that?” A: “That’s not a bad idea. How much is it?” B: “I heard it is only about one hundred twenty dollars a month for 8 lessons.” A: “Playing tennis twice a week will be a good start. Count me in.”

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CHAPTER 13 QUESTIONS TAG A. Definisi

Question tag adalah pertanyaan pendek yang ditambahkan di akhir pernyataan

(declarative sentence) untuk menanyakan informasi atau meminta persetujuan.

Seperti idiom (ungkapan bahasa Inggris), question tag merupakan bagian yang sering

digunakan dalam percakapan sehari-hari seorang native speaker. Walaupun grammar, pronounciation, dan intonation-nya baik, seseorang dapat mudah dikenali bukan sebagai native speaker jika tidak menggunakan question tag.

B. Bentuk Question Tag

Question tag disesuaikan dengan pernyataan yang mendahuluinya. Ketika kalimat

pernyataan menggunakan linking verb “be” (is, am, are, was, were), maka question tag pun menggunakan be. Jika kalimat pernyataan menggunakan primary auxiliary

verb (be, do, have) atau modal auxiliary verb (will, would, may, may, might, can, could, shall, should) maka question tag menggunakan auxiliary verb yang pertama (jika ada lebih dari satu). Adapun ketika kalimat pernyataan menggunakan main verb selain linking verb “be” dan tanpa didampingi auxiliary verb, dummy auxiliary verb “do/does/did” yang digunakan pada question tag. You don’t love math, do you? Ahmad didn’t come late, did he? The man isn’t lazy, is he? You haven’t finished your homework, have you? They won’t attend the seminar, will they? I’m not right, am I? Don’t speak, will you? Let’s go now, shall we?

You love math, don’t you? Ahmad came late, didn’t he? The man is lazy, isn’t he? You have finished your homework, haven’t you? They will attend the seminar, won’t they? I’m right, aren’t I? There is an old house, isn’t there? These/those are your tools, aren’t they?

GRAMMAR PRACTICE Change the following active sentences into passive voice. (Rubah kalimat aktif di bawah ini menjadi kalimat pasif) 1. (B. Indo) Dia kakak kamu, kan?

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

2. (B. Indo) Kamu santri pesantren bima, kan? PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

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(English) ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 3. (B. Indo) Andi akan datang, kan?

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

4. (B. Indo) Kamu sudah makan, kan?

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

5. (B. Indo) Bapak kamu jualan pulsa, kan?

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

6. (B. Indo) Susi lagi baca buku di perpustakaan, kan?

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

7. (B. Indo) Kucing itu makan ikan saya, kan?

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

8. (B. Indo) kemarin kamu pergi ke Bali, kan?

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

9. (B. Indo) Kamu belum mandi, kan?

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

10. (B. Indo) Ini rumah barumu, kan?

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

LISTENING & READING PRACTICE

Listen to the recording carefully and translate the text! (Dengarkan rekaman dan terjemahkan textnya!)

The Greenwood Boys The Greenwood Boys are a group of popular singers. At present. They are visiting all parts of the country. They will be arriving here tomorrow. They will be coming by train and

most of the young people in the town will be meeting them at the station. Tomorrow

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evening they will be singing at the Workers’ Club. The Greenwood Boys will be staying for PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

five days. During the time, they will give five performances. As usual, the police will have a difficult time. They will be trying to keep order. It is always the same on these occasions.

………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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Answer the following questions based on the passage above!

(Jawab pertanyaan berikut ini berdasarkan bacaan di atas!) 1. Who are the Greenwood Boys?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

2. Where will the young people meet the Greenwood Boys?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3. When will the Greenwood Boys arrive?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

4. How many performance they will give?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

5. How will they come by?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… SPEAKING PRACTICE Listen to the recording and imitate the conversation! (Dengarkan rekaman dan tirulah percakapannya!)

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Conversation 1

A: “What do you do besides work and watching TV?” B: “When I have some time, I like to exercise.” A: “Do you go jogging or do you go to a health club?” B: “I joined Samsung Health Club a couple of months ago.” A: “How do you exercise?” B: “I usually spend 30 minutes on the bicycle for the cardio, and then I lift weights for about 45 minutes.” A: “How often do you go?” B: “I want to go four times a week, but I’m too lazy. Last week, I only went to workout once.”

“Kamu ngapain selain kerja dan nonton TV?” “Saat aku punya waktu, Aku suka olahraga.” “Apakah kamu jogging atau pergi ke klub olahraga?” “Aku ikut Klub kesehatan Samsung beberapa bulan yang lalu.” “Gimana olahraganya?” “Aku biasanya menghabiskan waktu 30 menit untuk kardio, kemudian aku angkat beban selama 45 menit.” “Seberapa sering kamu berangkat?” “Aku pengen berangkat empat kali seminggu, tapi aku terlalu malas. Minggu kemaren, aku Cuma berangkat olahraga sekali.”

Conversation 2

A: “Hey Jimmy. Let’s go workout later today.” B: “Sure. What time do you want to go?”

“Hai Jimmy. Ayo olahraga hari ini.” “Tentu. Jam berapa kamu mau berangkat?” A: “How about at 3:30.” “Gimana kalau jam 3.30.” B: “That sounds good. Today we work on Legs “Kelihatannya bagus. Hari ini kita akan and forearm.” melatih kaki dan bahu.” A: “Hey. I just played basketball earlier, so my “Hey. Aku baru aja main basket, jadi legs are a little sore. Let’s work out on arms kakiku sedikit capek. Ayo melatih lengan and stomach today.” dan perut hari ini.” B: “I’m on a weekly schedule. You’re messing “Aku lagi jadwal mingguan. Kamu meneverything up. gacaukan segalanya.” A: “C’mon. We’re only switching two days. You “Ayolah. Kita cuma menukar dua hari. can do legs on Friday.” Kamu bisa melatih kaki hari Jumat.” B: “Alright. I’ll meet you at the gym at 3:30 “Baiklah. Aku akan menemui di Gym then.” jam 3.30 kalau gitu.”

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PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

Conversation 3 A: “Damn Scott. You got big.” B: “Yeah, I’ve been working out a lot.” A: “How long have you been lifting weights?” B: “For a year and a half.” A: “Yeah. Last time I saw you, it was like 2 years ago.” B: “Has it been that long?” A: “How often do you go to the gym?” B: “I usually go every other day for about 3 hours.”

“Luar biasa Scott. Kamu makin besar.” “Yeah. Aku udah berolahraga.” “Udah berapa lama kamu angkat berat?” “satu setengah tahun.” “Yeah. Terakhir aku lihat kamu dua tahun yang lalu.” “Apakah selama itu?” “Seberapa sering kamu ke Gym?” “Aku biasanya pergi setiap 2 hari sekali sekitar 3 jam.” A: “That’s a lot.” “Sering banget.” B: “Yeah, I used to work out for an hour a day “Yeah, Aku biasanya olahraga selama 4 times a week, and I saw no results. This is sejam sehari 4 kali seminggu, dan what you have to do to get noticeable results.” sepertinya gak ada hasil. Ini yang kamu harus lakukan untuk hasil yang terlihat.” A: “I don’t think I have the discipline for that.” “Aku rasa gak sedisiplin itu.” B: “Just think of it as a hobby. Then it’s actu- “Jadikan sebagai hobby. Lalu ini akan ally fun.” menyenangkan.”

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CHAPTER 14 QUESTION WORDS A. Definisi

Question word adalah kata yang digunakan untuk menanyakan waktu, tempat,

orang, benda, hal, alasan, cara, dan lain-lain. English question word berupa berbagai wh-word, yaitu kata yang diawali oleh wh– (what, where, when, why, which, who, whom, whose) atau kata yang mengandung huruf w dan h (how).

B. Fungsi dan Contoh Kalimat Questions Words what (apa)

Fungsi

Question word ini digunakan

untuk menanyakan benda atau

Contoh Kalimat Question Words What do you want from me? (Apa yang kamu inginkan dari saya?)

hal (thing).

What are you doing here? (Apa yang sedang kamu lakukan disini?)

Where digunakan untuk

Where does he live?

Question word ini digunakan

When does the train from Yogyakarta arrive?

where (dimana)

menanyakan tempat (place). when (kapan) untuk menanyakan waktu (time)

why (mengapa)

Kata ini digunakan untuk

menanyakan alasan (reason).

which (yang mana)

Question word ini untuk menanyakan orang (person), benda atau hal

(thing) yang mana yang dimaksud diantara sejumlah orang, benda, atau

(Dimana dia tinggal?)

(Kapan kereta dari Yogyakarta tiba?) Why do you hate cats?

(Mengapa kamu benci kucing?) Which one is better?

(Yang mana yang lebih baik?)

hal.

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who (siapa – subject) Question word ini digunakan untuk menanyakan orang (person). whom (siapa – object)

Whom digunakan untuk

menanyakan orang yang menerima aksi, atau dengan kata lain: direct

Who send me a letter?

(Siapa yang mengirimiku surat?) Who is that man? (Siapa pria itu?)

Whom are you going to meet?

(Siapa yang akan kamu temui?)

object.

whose (siapa – possessive)

Question word ini digunakan untuk orang yang mana yang memiliki

sesuatu (possessive). how (bagaimana)

How digunakan untuk menanyakan cara (manner). Question word ini juga dapat dikombinasikan dengan dengan berbagai huruf menjadi: how often (seberapa sering), how far (berapa jauh), how much/many (berapa banyak), how long (berapa lama).

Whose turn is it? (Giliran siapa?)

How did you meet your soulmate?

(Bagaimana kamu bertemu belahan jiwamu?)

How often should I change my toothbrush?

(Seberapa sering saya harus mengganti sikat gigi?)

HHow far is moon from earth?

(Berapa jauh bulan dari bumi?) How much do we need?

(Berapa banyak yang kita butuhkan?)

How long does it take to get pregnant?

(Berapa lama waktu yang dibutuhkan untuk hamil?)

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

63

GRAMMAR PRACTICE Choose the question word correctly by filling in blank WH- question by crossing the letter a or b in multiple choice.

(Pilihlah question word yang tepat untuk mengisi bagian wh- question yang tidak lengkap dengan menyilang huruf a atau b pada pilihan jawaban) 1. … car do you think is overpriced? this car. a. Which

b. Whose

2. … will you pay off your student loan? next monday. a. Where b. When

3. … book is on the floor? a. Whose

b. Who

4. … do you want to invite to your garden party? a. Whom

b. Who

5. … do you earn from the business? one hundred dollars a month. a. How many

b. How much

6. … did we meet for the first time? at the coffee shop. a. Where b. When

7. … did she cook for dinner? Lasagna a. When b. What

8. … does it take to be a gastroenterologist? a. How long

b. How often

9. … does his face look pale? because he is sick. a. Why

b. How

10. … is going to pick you up tomorrow morning? a. Who

b. What

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Translate the following questions from Bahasa to English.

(Terjemahkan pertanyaan di bawah dari bahasa Indonesia ke bahasa inggris) 1. (B. Indo) Apa yang kamu bawa?

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

2. (B. Indo) Dimana kamu mencari dompetmu?

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

3. (B. Indo) Siapa yang memakai jam tangan?

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

4. (B. Indo) Kapan dia akan mengirim surat mu?

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

5. (B. Indo) Apa yang telah kamu lakukan?

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

6. (B. Indo) Buku siapa yang kamu pinjam?

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

7. (B. Indo) Dengan siapa kamu akan bertemu nanti sore?

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

8. (B. Indo) Berapa panjang celanamu?

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

9. (B. Indo) Kenapa kamu tidak masuk sekolah tadi pagi?

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

10. (B. Indo) Berapa lama kamu mengerjakan PR mu?

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

65

LISTENING & READING PRACTICE

Listen to the recording carefully and translate the text! (Dengarkan rekaman dan terjemahkan textnya!)

Do you speak English? I had an amusing experience last year. After I had left a small village in south of France, I drove on to the next town. On the way, a young man waved to me. I stopped and he asked me for a lift. As soon as he had got into the car, I said good morning to him in

France and he replied in the same language. Apart from a few words, I do not know any Franch at all. Neither of us spoke during the journey. I had nearly reached the town, when the young man suddenly said, very slowly. “Do you speak English?” As I soon learnt, he was English himself!

………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………

Answer the following questions based on the passage above!

(Jawab pertanyaan berikut ini berdasarkan bacaan di atas!) 1. When did the story happen?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

2. How did the writer go to the next town in France?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3. What did the young man do to the writer?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

4. What did the writer say to the young man in France?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

5. What did the young say when he had nearly the town?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

SPEAKING PRACTICE

Listen to the recording and imitate the conversation! (Dengarkan rekaman dan tirulah percakapannya!) Conversation A: “How are you doing?” B: “I’m doing great.” A: “What movies have you seen lately?” B: “I saw Forrest Gump the other day.” A: “What type of movie is that?” B: “The movie type is drama.” A: “I can’t believe you are watching movies. The weather is great. You should be outside.” B: “I hate the hot weather. I’d rather stay indoors with the air conditioner.” A: “What else do you like to do besides watching movies?” B: “I like to play computer games, read books, go shopping, and play pool.” A: “Out of those what is your favorite?” B: “My favorite is to play computer games.” A: “What is your favorite computer game?” B: “My favorite is Diablo. It used to be Star Craft, but it is getting a little old.” A: “If you like to play so much, when do you ever exercise?” B: “Although I hate to exercise, I go jogging at least twice a week.” A: “That’s pretty good. By the way, PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

“Apa kabar?” “Aku baik-baik saja.” “Film apa yang kamu tonton akhir-akhir ini?” “Aku nonton forrest Gump kemarin.” “Film apa itu?” “Film drama.” “Aku gak percaya kamu nonton. Cuacanya luar biasa. Kamu seharusnya berjemur di luar.” “Aku gak suka cuaca panas. Aku lebih suka di dalam dengan AC.” “Kamu suka apa lagi selain nonton film?” “Aku suka permainan computer, baca buku, belanja, dan bermain bilyard.” “Dari itu semua apa yang paling disukai?” “Yang paling disukai main game computer.” “Game computer apa yang paling kamu sukai?” “Yang paling disukai Diablo. Mirip Star Craft, tapi sedikit lebih tua.” “Kalo kamu suka main, kapan kamu berolahraga?” “Meskipun saya benci olahraga, tapi saya jogging paling tidak 2x seminggu.” “Lumayan juga. Ngomong-omong, kamu mau

67

what are you doing next Saturday?” B: “I am going to go to the bookstore.” A: “I am having a party Saturday night at my house. If you have time, you should come.” B: “That sounds like fun.” A: “Great. I’ll see you on Saturday.” B: “Ok. See you later.”

68

ngapain Sabtu nanti?” “Aku mau ke took buku.” “Aku mau ngadain pesta hari Sabtu malam di rumah. Kalo ada waktu, kamu harus datang.” “Kedengarannya asik.” “Bagus. Sampai ketemu hari Sabtu.” “OK sampai ketemu lagi.”

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

CHAPTER 15 DEGREES OF COMPARISON A. Definisi

Degree of comparison adalah bentuk adjective (kata sifat) atau adverb (kata keterangan) yang menyatakan perbandingan. Ada tiga degree of comparison, yaitu: positive,

comparative, dan superlative degree.

B. Bentuk Degree of Comparison 1. Positive Degree

Ketika digunakan untuk menyatakan perbandingan, positive degree harus digu-

nakan bersama correlative conjunction as … as. Positive degree berupa bentuk standar adjective dan adverb tanpa perubahan apapun. • The task is not as difficult as you imagine.

(Tugas tersebut tidak sesulit yang kamu bayangkan.)

• The test was as easy as pie.

(Tes tersebut sangat mudah.) as easy as pie = extremely easy

• My brother drives as carefully as my father in the residential area.

(Saudara laki-laki saya mengemudi sehati-hati ayahnya di area perumahan.)

2. Comparative Degree

Comparative degree digunakan untuk membandingkan dua orang, binatang,

benda, atau hal. Kebanyakan adjective atau adverb yang terdiri dari satu suku kata di-

tambahkan akhiran -er, sedangkan dua suku kata atau lebih diawali dengan kata more. Khusus untuk dua suku kata adjective dengan akhiran -y, akhiran tersebut dihilangkan lalu ditambahkan -ier. Ketika berada di dalam kalimat, degree of comparison ini biasanya diikuti kata than.

Contoh Comparative Degree:

adjective: cold-colder, patient – more patient, happy-happier

adverb: fast-faster, gently – more gently, slowly – more slowly • Your heart is colder than ice.

(Hatimu lebih dingin dari es.)

• The happiest person I know thinks that sometimes changing up his routine is really important.

(Orang paling berbahagia yang saya kenal berpikir bahwa kadang-kadang mengubah rutinitasnya itu sungguh-sungguh penting.)

• I ran faster than you did.

(Saya berlari lebih cepat dari kamu.) PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

69

• Land snails move more slowly than starfish.

(Siput darat bergerak lebih lambat dari bintang laut.)

3. Superlative Degree

Superlative degree berfungsi untuk membandingankan tiga atau lebih orang,

benda, atau hal. Mayoritas satu suku adjective dan adverb didapat bentuk superlative-

nya dengan menambahkan akhiran -est, sedangkan yang lebih dari satu suku kata ditambahkan kata most di depannya. Adapun untuk adjective yang terdiri dari dua suku

kata dengan akhiran -y, akhiran tersebut dihilangkan lalu ditambahkan -iest. Ketika berada di dalam kalimat, superlative degree diawali dengan definite article the. Contoh Superlative Degree:

adjective: cold-coldest, patient – most patient, happy-happiest

adverb: fast-fastest, gently – most gently, slowly – most slowly

Contoh Kalimat Superlative Degree: • Your heart is the coldest of all.

(Hatimu adalah yang terdingin dari semuanya.)

• The happiest person I know thinks that sometimes changing up his routine is really important.

(Orang paling berbahagia yang saya kenal berpikir bahwa kadang-kadang mengubah rutinitasnya itu sungguh-sungguh penting.)

• I run the fastest in my class.

(Saya berlari paling cepat di kelas.)

• The country develops the most slowly.

(Negara tersebut berkembang paling lambat.)

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

Choose letter a, b, or c based on your best choice to fill the blank.

(Pilih a, b, atau c sesuai dengan pilihan yang menurutmu paling tepat untuk melengkapi bagian yang kosong.)

1. Rita can walk … than you think. a. more far b. further

c. furthest

2. I hope tomorrow will be … than today. a. Best

b. better c. good

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PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

3. He runs as … as molasses in January. a. Slow

b. slowest c. slower

4. The modern wind turbine works the … a. more efficiently b. most efficiently c. efficiently

5. He has the … house among all his friends. a. Big

b.biggest c.bigger

6. I have no idea why he spoke … than before. a. more gently b. gently

c. gentlier

7. Krystal is as … as her sister. a. more beautiful b. most beautiful c. beautiful

8. If only I could find the … path from node x to node y. a. easiest

b. more easy c. easier

9. The man treated his stepchildren … than animals. a. Badly

b. worst

c. worse

10. Your spicy ramen noodle is … than mine. a. Hot

b. hotter

c. hottest

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

71

Translate the following sentences from Bahasa to English.

(Terjemahkan kalimat di bawah dari bahasa Indonesia ke bahasa inggris) 1. (B. Indo) Bajuku lebih mahal dari bajumu.

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

2. (B. Indo) Anak perempuan itu secantik ibunya.

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

3. (B. Indo) Budi jadi murid paling pintar di kelasnya.

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

4. (B. Indo) Dia tidak sebaik yang kita kenal.

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

5. (B. Indo) Tim mereka lebih hebat dari tim kita.

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

6. (B. Indo) Aku mau jadi anak yang lebih baik lagi.

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

7. (B. Indo) Saya akan makan makanan yang paling enak.

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

8. (B. Indo) Dia melakukan lebih baik.

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

9. (B. Indo) Kita pasti bisa jadi yang paling hebat.

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

10.

(B. Indo) Ruangan kita lebih rapi dari pada ruangan mereka.

(English) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

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PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

LISTENING & READING PRACTICE

Listen to the recording carefully and translate the text! (Dengarkan rekaman dan terjemahkan textnya!)

Good News The Secretary told me that Mr. Harmsworth would see me. I felt very nervous when I went into his office. He did not look up from his desk when I entered. After I had sat

down, he said that business was very bad. He told me that the firm could not afford to pay such large salaries. Twenty people had already left.

I knew that my turn had come.

“Mr. Harmsworth,” I said in a weak voice. “Dob’t interrupt!” He said

Then he smiled and told me I would receive an extra £100 a year! …………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………

Answer the following questions based on the passage above!

(Jawab pertanyaan berikut ini berdasarkan bacaan di atas!) 1. Who would meet the writer?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

2. What did the writer do after entering the office? PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

73

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

3. Why could the company not pay the writer big salary?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

4. How many employees had left the company?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

5. How much extra salary will the writer get a year?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

SPEAKING PRACTICE

Listen to the recording and imitate the conversation! (Dengarkan rekaman dan tirulah percakapannya!)

Conversation A: “Hello?” B: “Hi Steve. This is Mike. What are you doing?” A: “Oh, hi. I was just watching TV.” B: “There’s nothing to watch right now.” A: “I know. I was watching a re-run. I have nothing to do and I was bored.” B: “Me too. Let’s get together and do something.” A: “I’d like to, but I have to meet my parents in an hour for dinner. How about tomorrow?” B: “Yeah. Let’s plan something tomorrow.” A: “Did you hear the weather forecast for tomorrow?” B: “I think it is going to be the same as today. Clear and sunny.” A: “That’s great. We can do something outdoors then.” B: “Are there any special events going on tomorrow?” A: “Yeah. I think there’s a live outdoor concert by the river tomorrow.” B: “Oh yeah. I heard about that too. Let’s go check it out.” A: “Do you know what time it starts?” B: “It starts at one PM.” A: “Let’s meet for lunch at eleven thirty and afterwards, we can head over there.” B: “Perfect. I’ll see you in front of the apartment at eleven thirty.”

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BASIC vOCABULARy 1

have

had

had

having

memiliki

3

say

said

said

saying

mengatakan

2 4 5 6 7 8 9

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

do

did

done

doing

melakukan

going

pergi

made

making

membuat

thought

thought

thinking

see

saw

seen

want

wanted

go

get

make

went

gone

made

got

know

knew

take

took

think

come use

find

give tell

came

remind keep let

begin seem help

show

wanting

giving

told

needed

put

coming

given

need leave

wanted

seeing

gave

found

tried

become

come

taking

using

try

feel

taken

knowing

used

worked

ask

known

used

work call

got/gotten getting

called asked felt

became left

put

reminded kept let

began

seemed helped

showed

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

found told

worked called tried

asked

needed felt

become left

put

reminded kept let

begun

seemed helped

showed

finding telling

working calling trying

asking

mendapatkan mengetahui berfikir

mengambil melihat dating

menginginkan

menggunakan menemukan

memberikan

memberi tahu bekerja

memanggil mencoba

bertanya/meminta

needing

membutuhkan

becoming

menjadi

feeling

leaving

putting

reminding keeping letting begin

seeming helping

showing

merasakan

meninggalkan/berangkat meletakan

mengingatkan menjaga

membiarkan memulai

kelihatan

membantu

menunjukan

75

33

hear

35

run

34

heard

heard

hearing

mendengar

ran

run

running

berlari

played

played moved

playing

move

moved

38

believe

believed

40

happen

happened

happened

42

sit

sat

sat

sitting

44

lose

lost

lost

losing

met

met

36 37 39 41 43 45 46 47 48 49 50

live

bring

write

stand

lived

brought wrote

stood

pay

paid

include

included

meet

continue

continued

lived

believed brought written

stood

paid included

continued

followed

59 60 61

create speak read

spend grow

62

open

64

win

63 65 66

writing

standing paying

meeting

including

continuing

stopped

follow

58

happening

stop

understood

57

bringing

watched

understand understood

56

believing

watch

set

53 55

living

lead

learn

change

54

moving

set setting learnt/learned learnt/learned learning changed changing changed led leading led

set

51 52

76

play

walk

teach offer

followed created spoke read

spent grew

percaya

membawa terjadi

menulis duduk

berdiri

kehilangan membayar bertemu

termasuk

melanjutkan mengatur belajar

mengubah

memimpin

stopped

stopping

spoken

speaking

created read

spent

grown

following

mengikuti

creating

membuat

reading

spending growing

opening

won

won

winning

offered

hidup/tinggal

understanding memahami menonton watching

opened

taught

berpindah/bergerak

watched

opened walked

bermain

walked taught

offered

walking

teaching offering

berhenti

berbicara

membaca

menghabiskan

menumbuhkan membuka berjalan menang

mengajar

menawarkan

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

68

remember remembered remembered remembering considered considering consider considered

70

buy

67 69 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80

appear

appeared

appeared

appearing

serve

served

served

serving

die

send

build stay fall

cut

reach kill

raise

bought died sent

built

staid fell

cut

reached killed

raised

81

pass

passed

83

decide

decided

82 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95

sell

return

explain hope

sent

built

staid

fallen cut

reached killed

raised

passed

sold

returned

returned

explained hoped

decided

explained hoped

develop

developed

developed

break

broke

broken

agreed

agreed

carry

receive agree

support

hit

produce eat

carried

received supported

building staying falling

cutting

reaching killing

raising

passing selling

deciding

returning

explaining hoping

developing carrying

breaking

receiving agreeing

drew

caught chose drank

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

caught drawn

chosen drunk

membeli

melayani

meninggal mengirim

membangun tinggal jatuh

memotong menggapai

membunuh

mengangkat melewati menjual

memutuskan kembali

menjelaskan berharap

mengembangkan membawa merusak

menerima setuju

producing

menghasilkan

eating

covered

muncul

mendorong

eaten

produced

mempertimbangkan

supporting

ate

draw

choose

supported

sending

hitting

98

100 drink

received

dying

hit

produced covered

catch

carried

buying

hit

cover

99

died

sold

96 97

bought

ingat

memukul makan

covering

menutupi

drawing

menggambar

catching

choosing drinking

menangkap memilih

meminum

77

101

rent

rented

rented

renting

menyewakan

103

fly

flew

flown

flying

terbang

105

beat

beaten

beating

107

bite

102

104

106

108

109

110

111

112

113

114

115

bargain

bend blow burn dig

drive fight

forbid forget

120

122

123

124

hurt

lend lie

overcome shake

blew

drove

driven

dug

fought

forbad forgot hung held hurt lent lied

overcame shook

sang

sink

float

blown

burnt

sing

127

bitten

burnt

shot

shut

128

bent

bit

shoot

125

126

bent

hid

hold

121

bargained

beat

hide

118

borrowed

bargained

forgave

hang

119

borrowed

forgive

116

117

dug

fought

forbidden forgotten forgiven hung

borrowing

bargaining bending biting

blowing burning digging driving

fighting

forbidding forgetting forgiving hanging

overcome shaken shot

lending overcoming shaking

shooting

berkelahi

melarang

melupakan

memaafkan

menggantung

menyembunyikan memegang

meminjamkan mengatasi

menggoyangkan menembak

sank

sunk

sinking

tenggelam tidur

floated

sung

floated

singing

floating spitting

rob

mengendarai

shutting

spat

hijack

menggali

shut

shut

spat

134

membakar

berbohong

lied

spit

135

meniup

lying

lent

131

steal

menggigit

melukai

sleeping

spread

membengkokkan

hurting

holding

slept

132

memukul

hurt

held

slept

133

menawar

hiding

sleep

smell

meminjam

hidden

129

130

78

borrow

smelt

smelt

spread

spread

robbed

robbed

stole

hijacked

stolen

hijacked

smelling spreading stealing

robbing

hijacking

menutup

menyanyi

mengapung membau meludah

menyebarkan mencuri

merampok membajak

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

136

punish

punished

138

sweep

swept

137

139

swear swim

swore swam

140

tear

tore

142

wear

wore

141

143

144

145

146

147

148

149

150

151

throw spell visit

invite

describe solve

approach betray plan

wait for

152

increase

154

comb

153

155

156

157

158

159

dream pray

memorize prepare divorce

threw spelt

visited

invited

described solved

approached betrayed planned

waited for increased dreamed combed prayed

memorized

prepared divorced

punished

punishing

menghukum

swept

sweeping

menyapu

sworn

swum

swearing

swimming

torn

tearing

worn

wearing

thrown

spelt

visited

throwing spelling visiting

invited

inviting

solved

solving

described

describing

approached approaching betrayed

betraying

waited for

waiting for

planned

increased dreamed combed prayed

memorized

prepared divorced

planning

increasing dreaming combing praying

memorizing

preparing divorcing

bersumpah berenang merobek

membuang/melempar memakai mengeja

mengunjungi

mengundang menjelaskan

memecahkan masalah mendekati

menghianati

merencanakan menunggu

meningkatkan bermimpi menyisir

berdoa/shalat menghafal

menyiapkan bercerai

accompany accompanied accompanied accompanying menemani berpisah separating separated separated

160

separate

162

soak

clean

cleaned

cleaned

cleaning

membersihkan

163

wash

washed

washed

washing

mencuci

165

dry

161

164

166

rinse iron

167

drain

169

dust

168

170

mop

cook

soaked rinsed dried

ironed

drained

mopped dusted

cooked

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

soaked rinsed

dried

ironed

drained

mopped dusted

cooked

soaking rinsing drying

ironing

merendam membilas

mengeringkan menyetrika

draining

mengeringkan

dusting

mengelap debu

mopping cooking

mengepel memasak

79

boiled

nod

nodded

peep

peeped

boil

173

175

172

174

176

177

178

roast

stare cry

laugh smile

roasted

stared cried

laughed smiled

179

blink

blinked

181

swallow

swallowed

180

182

183

184

185

sneeze

nodded

nodding

mengangguk

peeped

peeping

roasted stared cried

laughed smiled

blinked

sneezed

swallowed

190

introduce

address

welcome

burped

introduced

welcomed

introduced welcomed gathered

196

joke

joked

joked

arrive

collect kick

touch

grope

200

scratch

202

order

203

204

205

swallowing

whispering

addressed

gathered

201

sneezing

whispered

addressed

gather

198

blinking

whispered

194

199

smiling

sulking

whistled

pleased

197

laughing

sulked

pleased

195

crying

sulked

please

192

staring

whistled

whisper

193

roasting

whistle

snore

188

191

merebus

yawn

daydream sulk

189

sneezed

boiling

burped burping daydreamed daydreamed daydreaming snored snoring snored yawned yawning yawned

burp

186

187

80

boiled

171

pinch

refuse state

express

arrived

collected kicked

touched groped

scratched pinched ordered refused stated

expressed

arrived

collected kicked

touched groped

scratched pinched ordered refused stated

expressed

whistling

addressing

introducing welcoming pleasing arriving

gathering

collecting joking

kicking

touching groped

scratched pinching

ordering refusing stating

expressing

memanggang menatap

mengintip menangis tertawa

tersenyum mengedip bersin

menelan

bersendawa melamun

mendengkur menguap ngambek bersiul

berbisik

menyapa

mengenalkan menyambut

mempersilahkan tiba

berkumpul

mengumpulkan bercanda

menendang menyentuh meraba

menggaruk mencubit

memesan menolak

menyatakan

mengungkapkan

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

206

add

added

208

mention

mentioned

207

count

209

attend

211

divide

210

212

213

214

attended divided

divided

shared

join

joined

avoid

advised

avoided

215

guess

guessed

217

chew

chewed

216

218

press lock

219

slap

221

decorate

220

222

223

repair warn

control

224

type

226

determine

counted

adding

counting mentioned mentioning attended attending

counted

share

advise

added

pressed locked

slapped

repaired

decorated warned

controlled typed

shared

sharing

joined

joining

advised

avoided

guessed pressed

chewed locked

slapped

repaired

decorated warned

controlled typed

dividing advising

avoiding

guessing pressing

chewing locking

slapping

repaired

decorating warning

controlling typing

228

shout

blamed blaming determined determined determining flattered flattering flattered shouted shouting shouted

230

kidnap

kidnapped

225

227

229

231

232

233

234

235

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237

blame flatter

scream gamble erase

destroy push pull

struggle attack

238

complain

240

insult

239

praise

blamed

screamed

screamed

screaming

gambled

gambled

gambling

erased

destroyed pushed pulled

struggled

kidnapped erased

destroyed pushed pulled

struggled

kidnapping erased

destroying pushing pulling

struggling

attacked attacking complained complained complaining praised praising praised insulted insulting insulted

attacked

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

menambah

menghitung

menyebutkan menghadiri berbagi

membagi

bergabung

menasehati

menghindari menebak menekan

mengunyah mengunci

menampar

memperbaiki menghias

memperingatkan mengendalikan mengetik

menyalahkan menentukan merayu

berteriak menjerit

menculik berjudi

menghapus

menghancurkan mendorong menarik

berusaha

menyerang mengeluh memuji

menghina

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THANK YOU SPEECH FOR PARENTS

Respected Principal, Respected Teachers and My Dear Friends! Welcome to the annual celebration of our Islamic Boarding School of Bina Insan Mulia. This is the day, which each one of us waits for, since this represents the closing of the school for the next 2 months when the children would stay with their respective parents, go on vacation or enjoy their holiday as per their wishes. This year, I have been given the honour to deliver the annual day speech. I would especially like to utilize this moment to thank those people who have transformed my life – my parents. There are not sufficient words to describe how thankful I am to them, for everything they have done for me. But that doesn’t lessen the value of my teachers. I am utilizing this platform today to thank my parents as they have also gathered here. Parents do so much for us right from our birth till the end and I realized this only when I came to the boarding school. No wonder, the school has taught me discipline and to be self-dependent, but the importance of parents in life is eternal. I am not making any comparison here; but today I would be biased and thank my parents for their blessings and endless support they have given to me. Papa and Mummy, I want to tell you that I am not at all angry that you sent me here. I later realized, how judicious decision it was on your parts to send me to the Islamic boarding school because not only that I learnt religion and to be an ideal child but I also made a lot of friends here. I want to thank you for showering endless love upon me in every situation. Thank you for explaining me with utmost love when I made silly mistakes. Thank you for being patient in listening to my every little problem over the phone and helping me to find their solutions. Papa, you have always remained the pillar of my life, I have never seen you crying even in the darkest moments of your life. I always thought that my dad is a super human while that was not true; you are also a human being with an emotional heart and I realized that when I saw you getting emotional over my departure. You bought everything for me and fulfilled all my irrational demands. Mummy, you are the most wonderful person in the world; you always taught me to be kind towards others. Patience and Persistence are the biggest mantra of ‘success’ that I learnt from you. You taught me to be considerate and advised me to stay calm in any kind of altercation with anyone, due to which I am loaded with friends today. My life has a mission and vision today; all due to your endless effort and trust upon me. I understand, it was the toughest decision for you to send me to the hostel but you made it because you wanted to transform the irrational child of yours to a polite and considerate human being. I have learnt a lot from you after being away from you; most importantly I have started valuing people and their efforts. I can’t thank you enough for whatever you have done and still doing for me; yet I want to say ‘Thank you’ Mummy and Papa, I Love you!

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THANK YOU SPEECH FOR TEACHERS

Respected Principal, Teachers and My Dear Friends! First of all, I would like to welcome you all to the occasion of our farewell day. I have been given this opportunity to host the program today. Well, this is a very emotional moment for all of us as we are getting promoted to a new life on the one hand; whereas on the other hand we are also leaving behind our most favourite place, i.e. our school where we spent the most significant growing years of our lives. I would like to utilize this moment to thank all our teachers who prepared us for the world outside. Our teachers have been an epitome of strength and a great pillar of support to all of us. They have been as strict as father and as loving as mother, equally caring like a friend, a strict disciplinarian and yet always so approachable. Our teachers are wonderful human beings because they have accepted all of us with all the weaknesses and have worked upon us to overcome those weaknesses. I still remember, I joined this school in Standard V, when I used to be the shy and introvert person. I faced difficulties in speaking in public and today, I am standing here to deliver the farewell speech. This is all because of the great and loving teachers I came across in this school. They never left any stone unturned to change my personality and attitude. Needless to say, they have worked on me even more to prepare me for the outside world. A teacher is essentially a mentor and a role model for the student. The student believes in the teachers and every word they say. They are noble and selfless people coz they accept each of their student wholeheartedly without any bias and favoritism. My parents always say, that school period is the golden period in everyone’s life and I realize it now when I stand amidst all my favorite teachers and fellow friends to bid goodbye for a newer world. I would especially take out some moment from this event to thank Ma’am X and Sir A for being my guide always and showing me the right direction and path to walk on. It was more difficult for me than the other students to accomplish the projects and tasks you assigned to us. You both have spent extra hours and shown special care to me in order to prepare me for the ‘real world’. I still remember the day in Class XI, when I had given up and lost all hopes; both of you encouraged me in your own special way and shared examples of great people who failed in the beginning and later became famous people. You taught us to be persistent and chase the dream without compromising on small issues; that was one of several lessons I have learnt from all of you. I am sure, all my friends would like to share the word of gratitude with our loving teachers, as we have always been very grateful to all of you. I thank all the teachers, Principal and all other staff on behalf of the fellow students and myself. Thank you for being an indispensable part of our lives!

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

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SPEECH ON THE VALUE OF EDUCATION

Warm greetings to our distinguished guests, respected principal, teachers and my dear friends! Every child is born into this world with the “trailing clouds of glory from heaven”. And, suddenly these little angels of God find themselves filled with fears, doubts and confusion. It is here that the role of education gets highlighted. When these God’s angles struggle with fears and doubts, education comes to their rescue and acts as sunshine by removing darkness and helping them overcome their fears and clear their doubts. When it happens, the world appears bright and cheerful and helps children in becoming good human beings. But education doesn’t come on its own as there is got to be an intermediary who can impart knowledge and show them the right path. This is certainly the role a teacher plays in our lives and he/she is the one who comes as an experienced person and helps children differentiate between right and wrong. Of course, it’s the parents who act as a best guide for the children and help them grow as a responsible citizen because gaining bookish knowledge is not enough. One has to go farther than this and when children learn how to live their lives with dignity, conduct themselves, how to be humble and how to treat others – it is then the education is considered to be complete and believed to be serving its purpose. Let me share with you a brief story on the Value of Education. Once there was a man who was passing through the desert when suddenly he heard a voice calling on him by saying, “Take some pebbles and keep them with you and tomorrow you will be both glad and sorry”. The man did the same and next morning when he searched into his pocket, he found emeralds, rubies and diamonds. And at that time he was both happy and sorry. He was happy because he had taken at least some and sorry that he didn’t pick more. This is true of education also. So my dear friends, let’s keep the value of education intact so that we do not feel sorry the coming day. Education is that wealth which no one can steal but it increases the more you share it with others. Having said that, it’s important to be fully vigilant of what we are sharing with others in the form of knowledge as we should share meaningful and life enhancing knowledge and not something that destroys people and communities. Education is the most powerful tool so use it wisely. If you are a privileged person, help others by enlightening them, by teaching them the difference between right and wrong and imparting moral values. If education will be based on values and ethics, strengthened by sound moral principles, then our generation will grow up as rational beings. On the contrary, if education will be founded on selfish reasons then no one can prevent that society from its downfall and there will be chaos everywhere. So let’s take the onus of imparting good values to our coming generation and never lose sight of the primary aim of education, i.e. to become good and responsible global citizens. Thank You!

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FAREWELL SPEECH FOR FRIENDS – 1

Respected Manager and Dear Team Members! Finally, the day has come when I am standing amidst you and preparing to give my farewell speech. Let me start my speech by expressing my sincere gratitude to you all for organizing such a lovely farewell party for me; I am truly overwhelmed. I joined this organization 10 years back when I was 25 years old; young and energetic. I had freshly completed my management course with plenty of theoretical knowledge. This organization gave me a lot of opportunities to learn and grow as a professional. Not only has this company polished my skills and enhanced my knowledge, but it has also given me a lot of good friends like you all. Working here has been a great learning experience and I am thankful to the management for showing utmost trust in my skills and dedication. All my leaders have played a very important role in making me a perfect professional. But I would like to especially thank my current leader who is more than a leader to me. I have found the best friend and a big brother in him. Today being my last day, I would like to be little bold in accepting that the strong person you all know me as has also felt discouraged and demoralized at times. There have been days, when I had lost faith in myself and given up hopes. It was then, when Mr. A, my current boss, my friend, my guide boosted my morale and showed me light in despair. I’ve learnt from him to accept criticism and compliments without being emotional. I have taken directions and guidance from him not only in my professional but in my personal life as well. Working with him has made me an open-minded person and I have learnt to respect other people’s opinions too and consider their ideas along with mine which has always given better results. Mr. A, I and our team have handled several difficult projects together and have successfully accomplished those. After office hours, we are bonded as great friends and celebrate every occasions of success together. We have discussed personal and professional problems and shared advices with each other whenever required. This organisation has not only given me a successful career, but also a bunch of very good and trustworthy friends. I am leaving this organisation due to personal reasons but I am always going to miss this organization that is working with extremely talented and professional people. As a team leader and trainer, I have handled many teams, but the team that I am currently working with now is the most wonderful team I have ever worked with. You people are simply awesome. I never had to worry about the deadline or quality of any project or assignment and it’s all because of you guys. I only used to share the project plan and implementation details and you would work day and time to execute the same. You all are going to be highly successful and this organization will certainly give you everything you deserve. It’s been a wonderful experience working with lovely friends like you all and I am surely going to miss all this. I wish you all a successful life and career ahead. Stay connected and thank You! PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

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FAREWELL SPEECH FOR FRIENDS – 2

86

Hello Friends! It is so good to see all of you in front of my eyes. My graduation, Postgraduation and Office friends all together at one place. For you people it might seem just another thing but honestly for me, it is the heaven on earth. Each one of you has given me tremendous memories and together we have cherished best of the moments of our life. But how sad it is for me, that I happen to witness this incredible moment on the day when i am to bid you all a Good bye. Yes, it’s time for me to say goodbye to Indonesia and unfortunately to you all as well. It is the destiny that has played so well in making my path collide with all of you at some or the other moment, but this same destiny has now planned to take me beyond the country boundaries and make my future the best. Anyways, I know none of us should actually be sad for this. It is just the physical day to day connection that would be missing, but we all will be virtually connected way to strong. We will be the living in the strong long distance friendships. What a journey it has been, the days when we laughed together so hard are now bringing tears in my eyes and the days that we fought and cried are now bring peace and happiness within. We all have lived happily together with each other. Our moments have been amazing. You all will anyhow be in touch with each other physically as well, but it is the toughest moment for me to wave this goodbye to all of you all together. I was always taught that dream big and work for it, this step of mine is just a practical intake of this lesson. But, nobody along with this told me that when you work for your big dreams, there might come times when you will have to let go a part of you. I wish somebody told me, i would have not dreamt this big. Just kidding! I know seeing me grow and prosper will make my friends way to happy, of course just like the past days, i would always love to listen when you say. Yaar, she is my best friend. Soon will come the time when we will physically be together again to cherish old memories and create new moments of fun and laughter. I am going to miss you all so so so much, and it is so obvious that this feeling cannot be expressed in words. A big hug to this entire group of my lifelines. Thank you for coming into my life and making it what it is today. Along with my other stuff, i have packed all the fun filled moments and your gestures that remind me of us together. Love you guys, stay connected and miss me. Good Bye! Thank you for coming here and making this evening count as the best day of my life. Thank you. PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

WELCOME SPEECH ON TEACHERS’ DAY BY STUDENTS – SPEECH 1

Hon’ble Principal, Vice Principal, Teachers and My Dear Students – Warm Greetings to Everyone! On the occasion of teacher’s day, I – Manu Saini being the head girl is present before you all to deliver a welcome speech for our beloved teachers. We all welcome our teachers to an entertaining day where we as students would take an opportunity to present before you various plays and dances which will not allow you to leave your seats. Teachers’ day is one of the most important days in the life of students. This day is celebrated on 5th September on the birth date of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan who himself was a teacher of great repute and also held the position of Indonesia’s second President. Students are considered to be the future pillars, then teachers you are the ones who construct those pillars in a positive way. You shape our lives in a beautiful manner through your hard work and dedication. We are happy to celebrate this day to show you how grateful we are for whatever you have done for us your entire life. I would love to share my experience of an amazing teacher which made me realize that how important teachers are in our lives. I was in kindergarten when I wrote my first essay and my teacher gave me a star. It was not only a star for me but a motivation to do well in my life and here today I stand before all of you as the head girl of my school. My teacher was the one who gave me that confidence. This is what a teacher’s role is in our lives. Teachers have magic wands which helps us in making our lives easier and fruitful. It is rightly said that “teachers are candles who keep on burning and igniting our minds which removes the darkness of ignorance from our lives”. They mould us, shape us and carve us in becoming good human beings with their virtue of knowledge. They pass this knowledge with the hope that we as students will achieve success in our life and make good careers. We are indebted to our teachers for every little thing in our life. You have always been our guiding angels and our entertainers too by teaching us in a fun manner through which we learn and also enjoy our syllabus instead of getting bored. Teachers demand nothing from us but teach us with the hope that one day we will become successful in our lives. Thus, we as students have the responsibility to work hard in our studies and make our teachers and students proud. Working hard in studies is not the only duty, but we also need to carry forward the moral values that our teachers have taught us to the future generation. The most important thing is to value and respect our amazing teachers. Therefore, I request all my dear friends to follow the advice of your teachers and become their ideal students so that you can bring a beautiful smile on their faces. Thank You!

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

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WELCOME SPEECH ON TEACHERS’ DAY BY STUDENTS – SPEECH 2

Respected Principal, Vice Principal, Teachers and My Dear Colleagues! We all are here to celebrate the joyful teacher’s day and to praise them for their hard work and dedication. Today is the 5th of September, the day when we celebrate teacher’s day with fun and frolic. I would like to thank my class teacher to give me this wonderful opportunity to speak before you all on this auspicious occasion. This day is celebrated not only in Indonesia but all over the world where students give respect to their beloved teachers and prepare for various activities like Dance, Thanksgiving speeches, Prayers etc., in a similar pattern we all students present here have also prepared something special for our teachers. It was Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan who accepted that his birthday to be celebrated as Teacher’s day. He was a very righteous person and that is the reason he dedicated his birthday to the entire teachers family. Our teachers have also been the same with lots of love in their hearts which they shower on us without any demand. They treat us like their own children and love us from bottom of their hearts and soul. As kids we have always looked up to them for everything in life. They have been our role models and for this we are really very grateful to them. They provide us the motivation to survive in this world and have always been our guiding spirits. They are the ones who without even asking understand what we want in our lives. I still remember the day when I was in class 9 and I didn’t understand one of my Hindi poems. The entire class understood it and kept on reciting it as told by my Hindi teacher, but she was the one who without even speaking came to know that I didn’t understand the meaning of the poem. The bell rang and after the entire class left she made me sit for a while and made me understand the complete poem despite it being the lunch time. This is how great teachers are, they sacrifice everything for our bright lives and future endeavors. We all understand the fact that on ‘Parent Teacher Meetings’ they never complain about our mischiefs we do in our classes but they are always more concerned about our studies. They do not scold us in front of our parents and also ensure that we are not scolded by our parents too. Now I would like to call upon my class teacher and my Vice Principal to light the lamps on this positive occasion, followed by a dance programme which awaits you all. Thank You!

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SPEECH ON TEACHER’S DAY CELEBRATION – 1

Good Morning Teachers and My Loving Students – Warm Greetings to Everyone! Teachers are a very integral part of our lives and they need to be rewarded for their efforts and hard work. So as the Principal of this school I am here to present before you a speech on teacher’s day celebration. The date, i.e. 5th September is marked by the birthday of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and thus, today we celebrate teacher’s day on his commemoration. Students like you across the world celebrate this day with a lot of happiness and joy. You all present gifts and sweets to your teachers as you all respect them for their efforts and work. Teachers teach the entire day and neglect everything in their lives to make their students achieve something in their life and reach great heights. Being a teacher is not an easy task, teaching your students entire day without sitting on the chair and understanding your strengths and weaknesses and then polishing it in the right manner. Checking your assignments and registers and even taking them back home to complete all of them on right time, this is what a teacher contributes in a student’s life. They get back home and prepare lectures for the next day and also devise various methods so that every student is well versed with the concept. This helps in overall growth of the students and they get motivated to study in the right and appropriate manner. In certain circumstances you as a student do get offended when your teacher scolds you but you all should understand that they scold you to make you a smarter human being and you do not repeat those mistakes again in life. They do this all for your own good and for your successful careers. Have you ever realized what your teacher gets in return doing so much of hard work? The answer is nothing; they become happy when they see you achieving success in life. That’s the moment for them when they feel that all their hard work that they had put in their students has been achieved. It’s a saying that “when we grow a plant and nurture it and when it grows taller it makes us happy”, in the same way teachers feel proud when they see you making successful careers. Teachers not only build a life of only one student but the entire generation through their ideas and knowledge. If we get a great teacher, you as students never forget them your entire life because you realize the fact that whatever you are today is all because of the hard work and motivation that they had put in when you were in your growing up ages. I hope my speech has motivated you to always respect your teachers as they are your gurus without whom you can’t achieve anything in your life and always remember that teachers are your second parents who are a guiding light in your and everyone’s lives. Thank you everyone!

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

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SPEECH ON IMPORTANCE OF TEACHERS – 2

Hon’ble Principal, Vice Principal, Teachers and Dear Students – Warm greetings to everyone! As an alumnus of this school I am here to present before you a speech on importance of teachers on the auspicious occasion of teacher’s day. Teachers are a backbone of any society whether it is Indonesia or the world. I think you would believe me that whatever we have achieved in our lives is all because of our teachers. A teacher’s job is very challenging as they don’t only teach but they too need to do their homework which includes checking your registers and pin pointing every mistake that you have committed. This work becomes too challenging and responsible. If a teacher’s eye is not able to catch even one mistake, then you all would commit the same mistake again. The teacher needs to be too vigilant in order to correct your mistakes. It is rightly pointed out that the first teachers in our lives are our parents, secondary to them are the teachers in schools who act as a link between the school and the students. They are the ones who recognize and understand our weaknesses and put all their efforts to rectify those problems with us. We need teachers in every phase of our lives whether in schools or in colleges. A teacher’s role is the one that nobody can understand. They never let us know that they are facing certain issues in their lives. Once they enter the classrooms then it’s just them and us. They have always kept their personal and professional lives separate and they never let their problems hamper our studies and education. They impart knowledge to the extent that every student understands the concept in an easy and refined way. They mould us into better human beings that sometimes even our parents fail to counsel us and they also go to the teachers to counsel us in the right manner. Our teachers have always gone an extra mile to explain every bit of our doubts until we understand the concept to the core. They keep themselves updated with all the happenings around the world so that they can share those things with us. Teachers spend their entire lives on us and they demand nothing in return. It’s important that we take a moment to admire and appreciate our teachers for whatever they have been doing for us. Teacher’s day is the right occasion to explain them what they mean to us and how important they are without whom our lives would have been meaningless. They are guiding souls who never expect anything in return but pray for us so that we can be good human beings and can achieve successful careers. Thus, what they require from us is to study well which will in turn benefit us. We need to bring a smile on their faces for whatever they have done for us. So always remember to respect and value teachers in your lives. Thank you everyone!

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TEACHERS DAY SPEECH BY STUDENTS – 3

On the occasion of Teacher’s day, I Kunal Gupta is here to present a speech on our beloved teachers! Everyone will agree to the fact that teacher’s day is one of the exciting days in our lives and we as students get an opportunity to teach and behave like our teachers. Many of our students standing here are dressed in Sarees to teach in classrooms and act the same way our teacher’s do. For our teachers they get an off today and have a chance to enjoy the day with their family and friends, since whole year they spend their time with us forgetting their personal issues in life. We all know that it is difficult to define the term ‘teacher’. They not only guide us on the right track but also help us to understand which career to choose as they understand us more than anybody else in this world. They develop our overall character and personality which make us confident individuals and provide us the strength to deal with all sorts of problem in our lives. Teachers are like second parents who have a good influence on our lives and whenever we need them they are always present there to help us to get out of a problem. All of us have some day imitated our teachers as we believe them to be our role models as they provide us everything we need to make ourselves a good personality. There are certain qualities that every teacher possesses: They Interact with Students: Interaction creates a bridge between us and teachers. whenever we feel low we always think of our teachers and interaction helps us to overcome those feelings. They not only impart knowledge regarding our subjects but they also share experiences of their lives which help us to analyze our lives and apply the same advice. Motivation and Enthusiasm: All teachers here would agree that whenever they enter the classrooms they always come with a bright smile and full of energy which keeps us motivated and active all day long. We admire our teachers and try to become like them. Hard work and Dedication: Teachers are an inspiration for all of us. Their commitment towards us which lets us grow and their confidence in us that we will get good marks make us believe in ourselves and let us study with dedication as we think that we won’t let our teachers trust break. At the end I would just like to thank all my teachers for the hard work they put on us which helps us to grow in a right manner. Teachers you all are our guiding force who won’t let us fall and make us realize that after every failure there is success waiting for us so we shouldn’t give up in our lives. With bottom of our hearts we would like to appreciate your efforts to make us believe in ourselves and make us realize that we are on the right path towards our successful future. Thank You!

PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

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MOTHER’S DAY SPEECH – 1

A Very Good Morning Ladies and Gentlemen! Today, our company has organized this event on the auspicious occasion of “The Mother’s Day” and I would like to thank all the beautiful mothers who came here to grace this event. Today, not only as a manager but as a child, I am feeling blessed that I have get this opportunity to thank my mother for everything that she did and is still doing for me. She is a big reason for everything precious I got in my life and she is the most precious of them all. She found her happiness in my happiness. For me, it is the most blissful part of my life when she smiles. I guess, it will be true to say that the relationship of mother-child is the most beautiful and an inseparable bond that we all have in this world. For me she is the person who taught me how to stand on my own feet by holding my hand and it was she who taught me how to learn from mistakes. She was there for me to help selflessly without expecting anything in return except love. I can leave every luxury for my mother because I feel more relaxed and peaceful with my mother and there is no substitute to it. Mother is the most important person in one’s life and so is to me. When I reach home, it feels like nobody is there in the house if my mother is not there. In my childhood, when I falls and got injured, the first word that explodes through my mouth is (mummy) mother because I always know that my mother is there for me in every situation and from that time to now there is nothing that has changed in our relation. Today I am a manager of this huge prosperous company and my mother is the biggest reason for my success. With her everything feels easy because I know that she is behind me. In my childhood, she stood asleep during my exams just for my help and so that I could prepare for it well. She did infinite sacrifices for my happiness and success selflessly. She is a true goddess who gave me my life, happiness and everything that I have today. Every mother did and is still doing sacrifices selflessly and thus they deserve huge respect from everyone. Without a mother, our creation would be impossible. For me, she did everything she could and now when I am fully grown, it is my turn to do everything that is possible to make my mother happy. I believe that no one has enough potential that a mother has because the sacrifices that she does for her child no one has that potential to do that much. There is a mother behind every child who gain success and that is the reason it was said that there is a women behind every successful person which means mother. Now, at the end of my speech I would like to grab this opportunity to thank our company’s owner who gave me this opportunity to organize this auspicious event for our mothers and for the opportunity to thank my mother and I hope that this will become the most memorable day for our mothers and for us too. Thank you all very much and I wish you all a great day ahead!

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MOTHER’S DAY SPEECH – 2

Respected Principal, Respected Teachers and My Dear Friend! Today we all have gathered here on the account of mother’s day and as a head girl of this school I am feeling very fortunate that I have got this opportunity to say a few words for our mothers. Although, every day of our lives would be dedicated to our parents but as this day has been labeled as “The Mother’s Day” so it became quite special for our mothers and for us too. Mother’s day is being celebrated from thousands of years ago since ancient period. In Indonesia we follow the tradition of worshiping goddess and it is just similar to the mother’s day. On this day we get a chance to show our gratitude and love towards our mothers. A mother dedicates her whole life to her children without expecting anything in return. The only thing she wants is be loved by her children. For her, a hug from her children is bigger than anything in this world and so is for us as children. Despite many relations, the most transparent and selfless relation that we all have in our lives is that what we share with our mother. It does not matter that how difficult the situation is, a mother is always there for her children till her last breath. Some children do not understand the value of their mother but at the time when they came to realize it, it is already late. They send their mothers to an old age home which is a very shameful act. Many people compare mothers with The God but she is an actual goddess that we can see with our eyes. A mother is a goddess who gave us our lives through infinite sacrifices that no one else can ever do that much for anybody. There is nothing in the entire universe that could be compared with our mothers. A mother is a most reliable person in our lives. She is a person who we can trust blindly in every situation. It is very difficult to imagine a world without a mother because she is the reason behind creation of this entire world. She stands behind her child for the support that he/she wants and it is our duty to give her the support at the time when she is in need. Behind every person’s success there is a most caring and a helping hand of his/her mother. Without a mother life seems impossible. She is the person who teaches her child to walk on his/her own feet. Today we all have this worthy opportunity to thank our mothers for raising us and for all her support because without her we would not be standing here on this day. A mother is a picture of sacrifices and dedication. Let us make this day a most memorable and a precious day for our mothers. On this note, I would like to extend special thanks for my mother for everything and for all of you for your patience. I wish you a great day ahead!

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SPEECH ON WORLD HERITAGE DAY – 1

Good Morning Children – I hope you all are doing well in your studies and if there are any issues related to your studies; then please feel free to come to my office. Today, I and all the teachers decided to assemble all the children for the speech ceremony on World Heritage Day. Since the day is around the corner, I wanted to enlighten our children on this subject. As a principal of this school, I take the onus not only to make our children perform well in studies, but also to enlighten them on such subjects that concern mankind greatly. World Heritage is described as the common wealth of mankind. This day is a brilliant reminder of our rich cultural past and it becomes our responsibility to preserve our heritage not only for ourselves, but for the next generations to come. Undoubtedly, heritage sites ought to be preserved and protected. They are priceless assets for mankind. The date for the celebration of World Heritage Day is 18 April and it first began in the year 1982. ICOMOS, i.e. International Council for Monuments and Sites had started a symposium in Tunisia, the African country. The calls were made in order to celebrate the “International Day for Monuments and Sites” across the globe. The idea caught the attention of the people and the committee members then gave approval to the suggestion. The proposal afterwards was introduced at the UNESCO General Conference where a decree was passed in the month of November 1983. Since that momentous day, the whole world began observing the “International Monuments and Sites Day”, which is also called as “World Heritage Day” on 18th April. Our sites and monuments can only be given protection through the joint efforts of the global community. On the day of World Heritage, awareness campaigns are being organized for enlightening the masses about the diversity of our cultural wealth and the kind of solution is needed to preserve and protect it. It is true that heritage sites are exposed to various risk factors and hence we should do all that we can to the best of our capacity in providing protection to these precious assets. Interestingly, year after year a theme has been chosen to celebrate this day. Let’s say for example, in the year 2010, “Agricultural Heritage” was decided as a theme. The whole idea was to consider the evolution of man on this earth and its indispensable relationship with nature. Agricultural heritage laid stress on various types of agricultural activities, landscapes and systems and how they took shape as the human civilization progressed. Thus, the World Heritage Day is observed in many ways. Visits to the sites and monuments are planned with a view to highlight the importance of preserving these cultural assets. When restoration works become successful, people are often invited to pay a visit to these sites. There is also a wide media coverage that throws light on impressive monuments. Interviews and conferences are also held everywhere. Debates and discussions are organized and exhibitions are also put up for a great visual treat. This day is indeed a day for every respective citizen of a country to feel proud of the great cultural assets of his/her nation. I hope everyone enjoyed listening to this speech as much as I did in delivering it. This is all I wanted to say. Thank You!

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SPEECH ON WORLD HERITAGE DAY – 2

To our esteemed chief guests and dear audience – Welcome to the 97th symposium of our Radhakrishna cultural committee! I am your host for today – Rajeev Shukla – and have been an active part of this committee from past four years. Friends, since all of us are present here it is my great desire to deliver a speech on World Heritage Day as somewhere I feel people experience a sense of detachment from their national cultural heritage and globally as well. It is extremely important to inculcate a feeling of pride at our national cultural wealth and preserve it for posterity so that the coming generation can have the privilege of appreciating the cultural possessions of his/her country. Before I explain the importance of World Heritage Day, please let me first throw some light on what a world heritage site actually is. A world heritage site is categorized as a man-made or natural edifice or area, which is of global significance and a particular place which requires special attention and protection. Such sites are officially acknowledged by the UN as well as UNESCO, spelled as the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization. According to UNESCO, these sites are categorized as the World Heritage and hold extreme importance for humanity as well as command physical and cultural significance. This day, therefore, seeks to spread awareness about the challenges faced by the authorities in preserving the world heritage sites. This present year 2017 has allowed the communities to come together and celebrate the overwhelming influence of sustainable tourism and how it can strengthen communities and inform the masses. Please don’t get surprised when I say that there are about 1,052 world heritage sites. Out of these, 814 fall under the cultural category, 203 are considered natural and 35 are a mix of both. Nearly 55 sites are under constant threat, including the Jesus birthplace, Church of the Nativity and Pilgrimage Route in Bethlehem. There is ICOMOS, i.e. the International Council for Monuments and Sites which suggests a number of ideas about how to celebrate this day of great global importance: Encourage a visit to sites and monuments as well as allow restoration works may be with free admission. Publish articles in magazines and newspapers as well as send out a message on radio and television. Hang banners around chief traffic artery or town squares inviting attention of people to this day and encouraging preservation of our cultural heritage. Inviting national as well as international personalities, including the experts for interviews and conferences. Organize discussions in city halls, cultural centers and various other public spaces. Encourage publication of post-cards, posters, stamps and most importantly books. Exhibitions through paintings, photos, etc. Giving away prizes to people and organizations that have exceptionally contributed towards the promotion as well as conservation of our cultural heritage as well as have come up with an outstanding publication on this subject. Encouraging such activities that raise awareness amongst the school going children as well as youth. Reintroduce a recently refurbished monument. Thus, in many ways we can help preserve our cultural possessions and raise awareness amongst the people on a global platform. Thank You!

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WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY SPEECH 1

Good morning to the Excellencies, Principal Sir, Sir, Madam and my dear friends. My name is … I study in class … Today, we are here to celebrate a most important day, world environment day. I will recite a speech on the history of world environment day and its necessity to be established. I have especially selected this topic because of much importance of it for our better future. World environment day is a day especially celebrated to know and solve all the environmental issues. It is also known as the Environment Day, Eco Day or WED. It is a great annual event focusing on the issues of environment and trying to solve them completely. It is being celebrated for years worldwide with lots of creative activities and enthusiasm to bring positive changes in the environment. It aims to protect the natural environment forever on the earth for the healthy possibility of life. It is celebrated annually on 5th of June since 1973 however declared in 1972 by the United Nations General Assembly during the opening of conference on Human Environment to raise the global awareness about declining condition of the environment as well as tell people about the importance of healthy and green environment on earth. The annual celebration of it depends on the particular theme of the year (declared by the UN) which focuses on implementing some new and effective plans to save the environment. My dear friends, this event is celebrated globally in more than 100 countries because this issue cannot be solved individually by one country. It is a global issue and needs to be solved globally by the involvement of all the countries worldwide. It is run by the United Nations Environment Programme whereas its annual celebration is organized by the different host city every year declared by the United Nations. The host city of this campaign in 2016 was Angola. First time it was celebrated in 1973 with the theme of “Only one Earth”. It aims to engage and draw attention of millions of people including political and health organizations from different countries across the world to make new plans and implement them accordingly. It is very necessary to address the issues like wastage and losses of food, increasing global warming, deforestation, pollution, industrialization, etc in order to control the negative environmental changes. Its celebration focuses on carbon neutrality, forest management, managing greenhouse effect, promoting bio-fuels production, use of hydro-power to produce electricity, encouraging people to use solar water heaters, use of solar system, promoting coral reefs and mangroves restoration and other effectives of environmental preservation. Healthy Environment, Happy Future! Thank You

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WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY SPEECH 2 Good morning to the Excellencies, Principal Sir, Sir, Madam and my dear friends. My name is … I study in class … First of all I would like to say a big thank to my class teacher for allowing me to speech at this great opportunity. My dear friends, we have gathered here to celebrate a most important day called as world environment day. I will recite a speech on the importance of celebrating world environment day. I have also mentioned the point of what we are losing day by day with the declining condition of our environment. Yes friends, it is necessary to be discussed among us so that we can know about world environment day and other points related to it. My dear friends, UN had established a special day named as ‘World Environment Day’ in 1972 to save worldwide environment for our better future on the earth. In the happiness of worldwide technological development, we have forgotten that we are losing something too. Such developments have given happiness to us however on the other hand; it has snatched many natural heritages from us. My dear friends, do you know that our many favorite foods have been predicted to go extinct just because of our mistakes have been done for years in the form of developments like high use of electricity, deforestation, industrialization, direct sewage outing to the big river canals, invention of polythenes, etc harmful inventions. Such inventions have given rise to the global warming, pollution, rise of sea level, etc and declining the healthy condition of environment. World Environment Day is a great annual event celebrated globally on 5th of June to understand our mistakes and act positively to neutralize the bad effects of those mistakes. It has been established to act actively on its various objectives. It was first celebrated in 1973 by the United Nations General Assembly and United Nations Environment Programme to address various environmental issues like global warming, food shortages, deforestation, etc. According to the scientists, in the near future more than two-thirds of flora and fauna will be extinct because of human-induced environmental changes. Our future generations will have no access to the foods like honey, coffee, king corn, chocolate and sea food because of huge changes in the climate and environment. We like honey a lot and want to add one spoon of it to our daily diet especially morning smoothie. Soon, it will be called as liquid gold and we will get it at jewelers shop because 2 out of 5 honeybees are on the way to extinction due to the high level use of insecticides and pesticides in farming as well as increasing temperature and changing PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

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weather conditions. Such herbicides are toxic to the bees and other pollinators. Decline in the population of bees will also affect the food supply as they responsible to pollinate around 250,000 species of plants and 90 food crops. Ever increasing rate of climate changes is snatching the chocolate from us. The main cause of difficulty in producing cocoa is continuous rising temperature and change in weather patterns. High temperature causes evapotranspiration from the cocoa trees means lack of water from the trees which ultimately lowers cocoa production. Its production will diminish more by 2030. High temperature, extremely changing weather conditions and depleting water supply are causing rust and fungus which inhibiting the production of coffee. The production of seafood is also in danger and decreasing due to the global warming. Numbers of waterspecies, fishes including planktons are on the way to extinct. King corn is also saying us bye-bye because of the huge climatic changes and global warming. Deforestation at large-scale is pushing many plant species like palm oil, etc towards extinction. Dear friends, we need to do something effective in order to reduce the rate of climate change as well as save many natural resources for better life on the earth in future. 3R techniques (reduce, reuse and recycle) can be very effective in lessening the impact of our bad activities over natural ecosystem. We should start from small but effective steps like switch to organic food from inorganic food, use of natural fertilizers over chemical fertilizers, reduce use of electricity, reuse things, recycle wates, stop deforestation, save wild animals, etc to reduce the rate climate changes. Our positive steps will really help in solving environmental issues in near future. Healthy Environment, Healthy Future! Thank You

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WORLD HEALTH DAY SPEECH – 1

Good morning respected principal, teachers and my dear friends, I am obliged that my class teacher has selected me to address you all for today’s assembly. On this world health day, my agenda is to create awareness amongst you all about this day. This day is specifically celebrated to grab attention on the subject towards importance of the global health. This day is marked by the World Health Organization. Each year the agenda of celebrating this day is based on different criteria. Different varieties of events related to such particular themes are organized on the international and national level by the WHO. Emphasise of such special issues are taken care of annually with deep dedication. This day is celebrated each year to create awareness about the health issues and health concerns amongst the entire population. We all should focus on adhering to good and healthy lifestyle. We should follow and promote healthy living style and healthy living habits. As compared to the past trends and decades the immunity level today has decreased a lot, this is majorly due to the natural climatic changes and the inherited not so healthy lifestyle of ours. For our safety and well being we all should monitor our activities like eating, sleeping, etc and ensure that we follow the standard desired healthy living habits throughout. We should work on creating awareness amongst others as well and must ensure to have a clean and healthy surrounding around for our well being and the well being of others. The basic objective and agenda behind celebration of world health day is to increase the public awareness of various causes, to provide detailed knowledge of getting prevented from various diseases, to motivate the worldwide health authorities to make their own efforts in creating the healthy environments in their country and many more. Though, health is such a area that is to be taken care now and then and is not specifically dedicated to be addressed on one single day annually; but still many people out there deal with their health as not one on their priority list. Two most common and easy modes of our health deterioration are our eating habits and the natural air or the surroundings that we inherit each second in us. Being healthy is not our goal it should be our living. The most effective way of maintaining our health is having a regular habit of exercising. Exercise helps an individual to build themselves strong within with natural inherited things. A few basic things that help us in ensuring good health are: healthy eating habits, proper timely sleep, regular routine for exercise, ample drinking of water, safe urinary habits, daily washing habits, etc. Please ensure to monitor each of your habit and create awareness amongst others as well. Thank you everyone for being my audience and I hope we all together will eventually enable the world be more aware and cautious about their healthy habits and wellbeing. Thank you everyone! PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

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WORLD HEALTH DAY SPEECH – 2 Greetings of the day everyone. Our organization has specially organized this health checkup campaign today. Before we all get busy with campaign, let me talk to you all about the reason behind arranging this. Today this campaign is being arranged on the occasion of the World Health Day. This day just like today is always celebrated on 7th April. World Health Organization has necessarily declared this day as the World Health Day so as to make sure that people get to be aware about the health issues and concerns. We as individuals owe this responsibility to ourselves to ensure that we live a healthy life by adopting healthy lifestyle and healthy habits. People nowadays don’t take their health and the related issues too seriously as they know how easy it is to visit a doctor and take one dose of medicine and get back to the perfect health. They should realise that this medication deep down deteriorates our level of immunity and makes it more prone to such diseases. Natural health and wellbeing is a very crucial thing to be maintained throughout. With the changing trends, corporates have specifically established their NGOs and corporate associations so as to address one of the major issues of health that exists in the society at present. There is no age bar on whose health is more at the stake of being impacted by natural and personal deeds. Children, senior citizens, students, women, men, etc everybody has this concern at stake for themselves. We all should ensure the adoption of best healthy habits for ourselves and our near and dear ones. A healthy diet and regular exercise routine is the best combination that one can adhere to for leading a healthy and well versed life. Proper nutritional habits of eating should be adopted since childhood for children so that since starting they have a strong immune system for being future life. World Health Day dedicatedly provides us all with an opportunity to come together for one day every year to focus on actions that can improve the health of all our people and side by side address all the key concerns of the health taking the verge of majority of people at present. We all should make it our habit to everyday, think about the habits that we opted for that day; from how much water we drank to did we exercise to the urinary habit that we adopted, etc. It is only in our hands to make our life healthy and have a great immune system. To all those who at present consume medicines for high blood pressure or any other disease should focus on how to get rid of them through natural work and natural deeds for healthy life. Now let’s get started and see our improvement areas and focus on how can be better our health and lead a well versed healthy life for ourselves and our near and dear ones. Healthy lifestyle and healthy surrounding is the key aspect of World Health Day. Thank you!

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HUMAN RIGHTS DAY SPEECH – 1 Good morning everyone. Thank you for taking out time and being present at this seminar session. We all are gathered here to talk about this special day of human rights. This day is celebrated as a token to all those who stood up for someone’s rights. Human rights means the rights which every human being owns. Though, till date after years of defining these rights also a few people are not utilizing them and a few people are all set to violate them. It is high time for people to actually stand for their rights. We all have been given right to vote, right to speech, right to education, right to earn and many more. These rights have been allotted to human beings after many debates and issues. It is our responsibility and right to avail each of the right introduced for us. There are many human rights specifically announced for the special classes of humans like people with disability, SC ST, etc. We all should support these people to witness their rights so that they can avail benefits from them. At present, there are about 30, yes; 30 human rights declared. These rights are very determined and to the point for the welfare of the humans. A few of the top rights that I would name here are: Right to equality, Freedom from discrimination, Right to education, Right to social security, Freedom from belief and religion, etc. The things that we scream for our social security, education of poor and many more are already addressed by the council and have been declared as a human right for everybody. It is our responsibility to withstand these and create awareness amongst all for adhering and availing these rights for their good and well-being. Each of these rights were declared in year 1948 by the United Nations for the global understanding of how to treat individuals. 10th December every year is celebrated as the Human Rights Day. This day is acknowledged as the worldwide declaration of human rights and ensure its continued existence and remembrance as a common standard for all nations. I am very sure that just like me there are many people who are not aware about these human rights. Many might not even know there exists something like this and many might be aware but don’t know how important these are and how to deal with these. My focus about these rights would be to educate the people especially kids about human rights and how it’s our responsibility to learn and exercise them and spread the word. These rights should necessarily be a part of their curriculum so that they while growing up know what their rights are as per their existence and how important is it for them to work on these. I would request you all to please create awareness about our human rights amongst all and ensure that on this day we can arrange a seminar slot or a special session for recalling these for our existence rights every year. Thank you for being a part and encouraging me to effectively and efficiently address this topic. Thank you!

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HUMAN RIGHTS DAY SPEECH – 2 Good Morning Friends! Thank You for taking out time and joining me at this meeting today. I wanted to share an important invitation that has come from the Local Government to our Organisation. We have been invited to support the government and join the ‘Clean Indonesia Mission’. The campaign is run all over the town and will be launched on December 10 which is also the Human Rights Day. The campaign has been run for past one year with little or no progress in the town. Thus, we have been invited to get involved and help in fulfilling the mission by obtaining better results. Human Rights Day is the best day for its launch as the day is basically celebrated for honoring the rights of people. It calls on everybody to stand up for self and other’s rights. Likewise, living in clean environment and surrounding is everyone’s right and it is important for staying healthy too. Disrespect and Insolence for basic human rights continues to exist in almost every part of our country. People litter without any value and care for others. I have myself seen most of the educated people, especially in parks and gardens litter carelessly despite the availability of dustbins, etc. I strongly feel that we must restate our common humanity; noble deed doesn’t always need financial or physical support. In fact, wherever we are, we can make a difference. On the street, in our neighborhood, at parks, schools, work, in public transport, etc. It’s time for each one of us to take a stand for our and other’s rights and together we can certainly make a difference. A small step can make a big difference. We will go to every school and college to share thoughts on cleanliness. We will also get hoardings and banners printed and hanged at the streets, parks, etc. to make people aware about the benefits of keeping the surrounding clean. Not necessarily our gesture has to be grand; a simple step such as understanding the difference between wet and dry litter and throwing those accordingly in the correct dustbin would save so many lives. It’s important to make people understand that litters not only pollute the environment, but it also spreads several diseases such as Dengue, Malaria, and Chikungunya. It’s a grand mission and I have already given my confirmation to the government about joining it; I am looking for volunteers who can support me throughout. I would like to make you aware that this is going to be a charity work, thus you won’t get any payment apart from off-course appreciation and recognition. Also, I’ll be requiring your presence on Saturdays and Sundays when the office is closed. This may sound too much to ask for, but it’s going to last for 3 months, so your cooperation is highly solicited. There is no pressure on you guys at all, though it’s absolutely a voluntary deed. We have plans to begin this work next week; interested people may send me a mail directly. Agenda will be prepared and shared soon. You may also write to me, if you want more information in this regard. Thank You!

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HUMAN RIGHTS DAY SPEECH – 3 Good evening my dear friends, I welcome you all to this special seminar organized on the Human Rights Day! How often do we all say that women are treated differently from men, how unsafe women are in the society, majority of the population is uneducated, there should exist no white people and black people difference, etc. etc. What all does this mean? This means that we all humans want men and women to be treated equally, we want social security for women and all others, we want everybody to be educated and we want to discrimination. We all want to make this happen. Just like these mentioned before and many more are the rights that we wish for. These human rights have been laid down after many efforts and discussions for human beings to satisfy their basic needs. Human rights are those rights which are necessary for a dignified and a decent living of humans as well as human existence and adequate development of human personality. Human rights are essential for the development of the human personality in society, where he lives. Out of the entire audience present here, I am pretty sure that a few of them might not be completely aware about the 30 human rights universally announced by the United Nations in the year 1948. In order to safeguard the humans and their well being, 30 specific human rights were announced. 10th December is officially celebrated as the day of human rights. Every human right should be utilized and be adhered to. We all owe the responsibility to spread the message of these rights amongst all the people. Among all the rights, for me the most crucial is the Right to Education one. For me it is the birthright of everyone to get the education. There are numerous benefits of getting the education. The one who is educated has the power of changing their own lives and the lives of others as well. Right of education is the one that has the foremost importance. We all should be well aware of each of these rights, many efforts have been put in decades before to list down and propose these rights. At present there exists a crucial step of protection of these human rights. We all should understand that the human rights are those rights that are fundamental for the living of human beings and for the normal human existence. For every country’s government and citizens it is very very important to protect and maintain the human rights. It is their fundamental duty. We all should avail our rights and should dedicatedly work for creating the awareness amongst the population about these rights. Each of the 30 listed human rights are necessary for our well being and existence in the society. I request you all to please share the message with your near and dear ones to spread the existence of these rights. Thank you!

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CLEANLINESS SPEECH – 1 Good morning to the sir, madam and my friends. My name is … I study in class … Today, I will recite a speech on cleanliness. I have especially selected this topic because of much importance of it in our daily lives. Actually, the means of cleanliness is the complete absence of dirt, dust, stains, and bad smells at home, working places or surrounding areas. The most important purpose of maintaining cleanliness is to get health, beauty, remove offensive odor as well as avoid the spread of dirt and contaminants. We clean our teeth, clothes, body, hair on daily basis in order to get freshness and achieving cleanliness. Cleanliness We use variety of products and water to clean different things accordingly. What we see with our eyes is that, cleaning helps us to remove dirt and bad odor. However, what we do not see with our eyes is that, cleaning also removes harmful microorganisms (like bacteria, virus, fungus, algae, etc) from the things. It keeps us healthy and away from variety of diseases especially caused by the harmful microorganisms. According to the germ theory of disease, cleaning means the total absence of germs. In some industrial processes, it requires exceptional cleanliness which is achieved especially in the clean rooms. Presence of dirt and bad odor may decrease the power of our immune system. Commonly, there are two types of cleanliness, one is physical cleanliness and another is internal cleanliness. Physical cleanliness keeps us clean from outside and gives us feeling of wellbeing with confidence. However, internal cleanliness keeps us mentally peaceful and away from anxiety. Internal cleanliness means a mind absence of dirty, bad and negative thinking. Keeping the heart, body and mind clean and peaceful is the complete cleanliness. However, we also need to keep clean our surrounding areas so that we can live in a healthy and clean environment. It will keep us away from the epidemic diseases and give us the feeling of social wellbeing. There is a very old saying that “cleanliness is next to godliness”. It is well said by the John Wesley. Cleanliness should be given a priority in all the homes from the childhood so that a little one can practice it as a habit and can be benefitted all through the life. Cleanliness is like a good habit which not only benefits a person, however; it benefits the family, society and country and thus whole planet. It can be developed at any age however best to practice it from the childhood. I, as a child requesting to all the parents that please help your kids to practice this habit as it is you who can give this country a good citizen. Thank You!

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CLEANLINESS SPEECH – 2 Good morning to the respected Principal sir, sir, madam and dear colleagues. I … studying in class … standard would like to speech on cleanliness at this event. Cleanliness is a good habit; it keeps us happy physically, mentally, socially and intellectually. It is very true that cleanliness begins at home. The sign of cleanliness is a well managed place whether it is a home, working place, school, college, government or private buildings, hotel, restaurant, airport, railways station, etc. The level of cleanliness should be high which is possible if everyone shows his/her effort. It is not the act of one person. It needs regular support and proper understanding from the end of each person. Cleanliness attracts positive energies towards it and it can impress anyone. Cleanliness level becomes generally high in the developed countries because of the good citizens, strict government rules, high education level and proper understanding of the people. A person with good habits can change the environment of a home however a country with good citizens can change its future as well as the environment of whole planet. In order to show our real potential all through the world, we have to maintain cleanliness all across the country. It is the only thing which can earn respect because a big land, power, and rich natural resources does not matter in the lack of cleanliness. The maintenance of cleanliness in any country depends on the education level, poverty, and population of the country. The most important factor is education as good education can reduce the poverty level and provide relief from the over population. If the citizens of the country will be educated they can well maintain the cleanliness all through the country. They can pass good habits to their next generation also. Number of cleanliness drives has been run by the government of Indonesia however never get much success because of high level illiteracy. The most recent cleanliness drive named as Swachh Bharat Abhiyan run the Indonesian PM, Narendra Modi, is quite successful. It is very serious topic and we have to maintain cleanliness in our country, which can be better started from our homes, if we really want development in Indonesia. We have to understand that our country is our home and then no problem will be there. As being the citizen of the country, we all are responsible for cleaning any dirty place we see. We should keep our roads, tourist places, historical places, schools, colleges, office buildings, etc very neat and clean. Thank You!

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SPEECH ON UNITY IN DIVERSITY – 1 Hon’ble Vice President, Respected Principal, Respected Professors and Administration staff members and my dear fellow students, Today is the Republic Day, the most important day for every Indonesian; the day when the Constitution of Independent Indonesia was formed. Like every year, our college celebrates this significant day with much enthusiasm and vigour. It’s a great honour for me to welcome you all and speak a few lines on this special occasion. Since the time of Independence, Indonesia has witnessed a lot of changes at the political, social and cultural front. But one thing that remains intact is its’ ‘Unity in Diversity’. We all know, Unity is the most influential factor in solving the cultural and social problems. It infuses respect amongst people irrespective of their religious and cultural differences. Indonesia is famous for having multi-cultural system and yet people live together with peace and harmony. Indonesia is a colourful country, inhabited by people who believe in different religions, follow different tradition, culture and have their individual belief and lifestyle; yet they come together to celebrate festivals of each other. Indonesia has the oldest civilization and culture and some of which still being practised today. Though there is no dearth of diverse and assorted cultures in Indonesia, it is still an epitome of the famous Slogan ‘Unity in Diversity’. Our present Indonesian civilization is sustained and nurtured by the multi-ethnicities of different states. We all are aware that diverse races such as Sudanese, Javanese, Papua, Sumatra, etc. Indonesia is a huge and populous country. It has 29 states with 22 official spoken languages, but in reality there are more than 150 different mother tongues spoken in different parts of the country. This is certainly amazing because despite so many differences, Indonesia still stands firm as a strong nation. People here are emotional and that’s the most popular language they understand which keep them united in all aspects. Not only language, but Indonesians vary from each other in food habit, attire, social and cultural behaviour, ethnicity, festivals and religious beliefs. The political condition is stable in Indonesia and it allows multinational companies to start their venture, which opens up employment opportunities for the Indonesians. People in Indonesia are soft spoken and caring irrespective of the part they belong to. Not to forget, there are some anti-social elements who try to corrupt the country by their behaviour and activities, yet Indonesia remains united. It is the force of our motherland, which give us so much of strength and tolerance to accept the adversity and promote ‘Unity in Diversity’. Thank You!

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SPEECH ON UNITY IN DIVERSITY – 2 Hello All, Good Evening! Thanks for coming here and being a part of this discussion. It feels an honour to see you all from different fields gathered here. Today’s discussion is on one of the most relevant topics ‘Unity in Diversity’ that is ‘Bineka Tunggal Ika,’ that is synonymous with Indonesia. Today, I would like to share my view on what exactly this term ‘Unity in Diversity’ means. Doesn’t it feel strange when we hear the word Unity – which means being one and Diversity – which means differences, together in one phrase. Yes, it does feel! It makes us wonder how it is feasible that there is a common factor to seemingly heterogeneous things. It is completely true that Unity in Diversity means the integration of differences; it means the oneness or togetherness in spite of the presence of diverse or different concepts. In the simplest way if I say, it means collating multiple types of things as one. The best example of explaining Unity in Diversity is talking about the country ‘Indonesia’. Just one word Indonesia, and massive number of things quickly come to our mind. Isn’t it? Yes, indeed! Different castes, different cultures, different religion, different languages, different customs, different foods and what not! Clubbing of these varied or diverse things in one umbrella is the assimilation of differences and suits so well as an example of: Unity in Diversity. Binding people of all religions in the bond of humanity is one of the greatest characteristics of Indonesia that fits the best as a point of clubbing the differences together at one angle. Visit any office, any school any market or any institution in Indonesia and you see the bundle of traditions or castes sitting and working right next to each other, in a spirit of wholeness. Each diverse bits and pieces united in one bundle – Indonesia. This diverse spiral in Indonesia leads to it being one of the most famous tourist spot and attracts continuous flow of travellers throughout the year. Hence if I conclude on my example of Indonesia, it’s true that it satisfies on the best parameters of being the country amongst all that is the most integrated, united and a perfect mix of different cultural and traditional flavours. It, indeed, is one of the countries in which people live with peace and harmony despite having multi-cultural systems. Okay, give it a thought, if you ask a small kid, he will also agree that seeing a single colour on a sheet does not look that attractive in front of that other sheet which has a mix of two or more colours. Similarly, any place that has a combination or a blend of widely spread cultures or traditions seems to be more of an attraction worldwide in comparison to others. Friends, it is very heartening to see Unity in Diversity around us. Hope you found this discussion useful! Thank You! PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

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SPEECH ON UNITY IS STRENGTH 1 Good Morning to all my dear Students! As I keep hearing stories of discord and clashes amongst the students of my class from other teachers, it becomes really embarrassing for me. Therefore, as your class teacher it becomes my responsibility to prevent you from doing so. The reason why I have taken this extra period of yours is to groom you on the practical front and teach you besides your school syllabus. Though initially I was very furious and thought to call the parents of each one of you and give everyone a tight thrashing, but later on I realized that these rising cases may be due to the negligence on my part and inability to devote enough time on you other than your studies. So today I am here to deliver a speech on Unity is Strength. I am sure you all understand the importance of unity as you have become quite mature now. Don’t you? And, if you do then you should also understand that these fights and clashes are absolutely pointless as these only worsen the situation and spoil the beauty of any relationship. Thirdly, any outsider can take benefit from the fights and clashes taking place between two individuals. Haven’t you heard the story of an old farmer who had three sons? It goes like this – there was an old farmer who was on the verge of death. He had three sons who used to quarrel a lot amongst themselves. One day he called all his sons and gave a stick to each one of them to break, every son managed to break the stick. Then, he gave a bundle of sticks to his eldest son and asked him to break it. He couldn’t do it and likewise the farmer gave the bundle to his remaining sons who also failed to break it. Then he told his sons, ‘just like, anyone can easily break a single stick, it is also easy to destroy a single individual. So if you choose to live separately after my death, anyone would take advantage of your situation and harm you. But if you all choose to live together quite like this bundle of sticks, then none of your enemy will be able to harm you. After hearing this, all his sons promised to live together for the rest of their lives’. So the moral of the story is Unity is Strength. This situation applies to you as well. If all my students will live in unity, then none would be able to point a finger on my class and take advantage of the situation. In fact, you all should live in harmony and if any situation of conflict arises try to resolve it peacefully. No fight can be big enough which cannot be resolved through discussions. Discussions prove really helpful because then you tend to find a solution to avoid such problems again and life becomes peaceful for everyone. Always remember that never become a laughing stock for others and always try to pacify the situation with non-violent means. Now, I sincerely hope that each one of you would take my words seriously and try to implement it on your life as well. Thank You!

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SPEECH ON UNITY IS STRENGTH 2 Respected Principal, Vice Principal, Teachers and My Dear Fellow Students – Good Morning to one and all! I, Budiman Santoso, student of Class-XI, have prepared a speech on “Unity is Strength”, which I would like to deliver today in front of you all. You must be wondering about the occasion behind this speech ceremony of today, but let me clear your doubts first. There is no occasion as such, but considering the increasing cases of violence and terrorism in our state and country at large, I had a great desire to address the subject called Unity is Strength and engage my fellow students in discussion. Moreover, we also come across many violent cases of dissension all around us and realizing that people these days are becoming really short-tempered and are losing out on ethical and moral values, it’s high time that we sit down and realize which direction we are heading towards. Our country India is known to be a multicultural land where people from different religious, cultural and social background live in harmony. However, the irony of the situation is such that our very own country is replete with the rising incidents of communal violence, strife, terrorist activities, etc. Every day in news we come across horrifying incidents of violent behavior, bloodbath where so many innocent people lose their lives. It’s high time we remind ourselves of the age-old maxim called Unity is Strength and stop unleashing violence on our motherland. After all, do we not know that “United we stand, divided we fall”? Our country would never emerge as a stronger and developed nation unless its sad state of affairs get better and people understand that violence never solves any problem, but aggravates it. Besides, man is a social animal and cannot live in isolation. He/she would require the company of others to validate his/her existence. One man cannot do everything. He/she cannot handle multiple things at a time and so other work will have to be undertaken by him in support of others. For instance, if a teacher teaches students, then who would sow crops and feed people, who would stitch clothes, who would look after patients, who would protect our country’s borders, etc. So it certainly calls for unity and team-work. It is not possible for a person to live without taking the help of other people. Hence, everyone must work in harmony and also give support as well as encouragement to each other. If people will continue to remain rigid and uncooperative, then the foundation of our society would crumble down and our nation will never be able to project itself as a strong nation at par with the powerful countries of the world. Unity is what gives power to each and every individual and helps in building a powerful nation; on the contrary situation of discord eats away a country’s well-being and makes it regressive. Let’s sensitize ourselves on this serious issue and pledge to free our motherland from violent and barbaric acts of behavior. Thank You!

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SPEECH ON DRUG ABUSE 1 Dear Students – Warm Greetings to all of you! I welcome everyone to the school seminar hall. Today, we are here to discuss about the fatal consumption of drugs and how it is destroying the lives of our youth. But before the discussion begins, I would like to deliver a short speech on drug abuse and would like to enlighten our students on this sensitive subject matter. Drugs, as we all know, are an illegal matter which some people drink, smoke, inject or eat for the mental as well as physical effects that it leaves. There are several students who consume drugs out of fun or for various other reasons. People who deal in the selling of drugs create a network and mainly target students in order to make them addicted to drugs. Initially, the drugs are sold to the students for free and gradually when they get addicted to it, they start buying and consuming it. In fact, the students also eventually become a part of their network and start dealing in it. It is observed that students start consuming drugs out of stress or unfair expectations of their teachers as well as parents. Lack of emotional support and disorder in their families make them vulnerable and increase their dependency on drugs. They use it in order to calm down their state of mental agitation. Other than this, it is poverty that compels some students to become a part of the selling and dealing network of drugs and derive their pocket money. Therefore, it becomes like a vicious circle of the drug addicted students from which they seem to find no escape unless the society comes for their rescue. Sadly, the students fail to realize that the consumption of drugs has a severe impact on their physical and mental health, such as they start experiencing mental disorder, their intelligence level decreases, experience deadly diseases and untimely death. When one completely succumbs to the temptation of drugs, it gets very difficult for him/her to recover from its impact except in the centers for drug rehabilitation where they gain a new life, but which involves a high cost. In fact, there are many cases too where even rehabilitation centers fail because of the worst condition of the patients. I, therefore, request all the students to refrain themselves completely from the consumption of drugs before it destroys their health, future and takes away their lives. Don’t even try to touch or come close to them. Drugs can even destroy a complete generation. So think wise and act smart. Shape your future which seems bright and full of achievements. The drugs that doctor prescribes to his/her patients must only be taken in order to combat a specific disease otherwise the government must take strict measures to ban its illegal trade in the market and save our youth from destruction. I want to conclude by saying that drug abuse should be an absolute ‘No’ for all and I sincerely hope that our students will never ever try to consume drugs and will completely stay away from its use. Remember that our country needs you as you are its future and harbinger of progress. Thank You!

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SPEECH ON DRUG ABUSE 2

Good Morning Friends – Welcome to the campaign for drug addiction ban. It feels extremely great to see how the members of our organization are working hard in order to make every day count and reach out to the masses for spreading awareness about the drug addiction or drug abuse. Since day one and today it’s the 77th campaign of our organization – we haven’t really ever thought that we will grow this big, i.e. currently we have more than 200 people working for us and have gained a mass appeal. The response so far has been really good and we have been able to transform the life of the people for good, who earlier have been living under the influence of drugs. So today I would further like to appeal to the masses to refrain themselves from using drugs and live a healthy life. Drug addiction or drug abuse is described as an excessive dependency on a substance, which inevitably becomes the compulsive need of the person using it. This need becomes so compulsive that without that substance the person cannot live his life like a normal person does. And, when such a substance is stopped being available in the market then that person is believed to be suffering from substance withdrawal. The addiction of drugs has become one of the serious social problems in many developing as well as developed countries and it undeniably proves to be the principal obstruction in the all-round development of the people, society, country and the world at a large. Our country is a progressing country and it is already afflicted with so many other grave problems, such as unemployment, poverty and illiteracy that the problem of drug abuse makes the situation even worse here as it further makes our economy regressive by destroying the lives of its youth. Even sadder is the fact that several drug addicts cannot afford to make a purchase of expensive drugs so much so that in the end they have to resort to such activities as theft in their homes. These people are not born thieves, but their addiction to drugs makes them heinous and propels them to commit crimes in order to feed their body with drugs. People can become addicted to drugs because of various reasons, some of which are mentioned below: In order to de-stress themselves When a person is under the influence of drugs, he/she forgets everything and enters into a trance-like state. However, it is only later that people realize that the use of drugs is only aggravating the problem and not really helping them in getting rid of the stress. Out of peer pressure Many times, people start taking drugs because their friends are addicted to them. However, once they start taking it, it becomes really difficult for them to get rid of this habit. Style Statement Many teenagers these days think that the habit of drinking, smoking and even drug addiction is what helps them look cool and create a style statement in the front of others. However, it’s only when these people get trapped in its vicious circle that they realize the irreparable they have caused to their lives. Teenagers and every person for that matter must understand that the habit of drug abuse not only greatly affects their body and mind, but also finishes their bright future. So we should strictly say ‘No’ to drugs and save our lives as well the lives of our loved ones by spreading awareness in our surroundings. Thank You! PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

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SAVE WATER SPEECH 1 Good morning to the excellencies, respected teachers and my dear colleagues. I would like to speech on a very important topic “save water” today at this special occasion. As well all know that how the water is important for the continuation of life on the earth. It is the most basic need of everyone (human being, animal, plant and other microorganisms). Water is the unique source of life, without water we cannot imagine the life here. Life on other planets is not possible just because of the absence of water. It is considered as the most important among other known celestial bodies. Almost three-fourth area of the earth is covered by the water and it constitutes around 60-70 % of the living world. It seems that water is endless renewable source on the earth because it is regenerated and redistributed all over the earth through evaporation and rain. It arises a question in our mind that if water is renewable source then why we should worry for water and try to conserve it. Save Water Actually, there is only 1% of the water on the earth which is usable to us. And other water bodies have unusable water to us such as 97% salty sea water, 2% water in the form of glaciers and polar ice caps. Only 1% water is here for us over which a huge population all over the world is depended for the survival. Death is more possible in the lack of water than the lack of food. It again arises a question in our mind that why we are so late in realizing the need of water saving and conservation. Since the life of each and every living things on the earth depends on water, then scenario will get worse if useful water become dirty or started reducing. A water looking fresh and drinkable from outside can be mixed with the harmful and toxic elements through various sources like industries, factories, sewer, etc and cause illness and death if ingested by animals, plants or human beings. Here are some tips which really will help us to save water: Parents should aware their children about the need of water conservation. They should avoid buying recreational water toys (which require constant stream of water) to their children. Everyone should be aware of the water shortage rules and restrictions and strictly follow in their own area. Every employee should be active for the water conservation at their own work place and encourage their employer to promote water conservation in other effective ways. There should be water conservation awareness and tips for every starter in the orientation

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manual and training program at schools, colleges, work place, offices, institutions, etc. Water conservation techniques should be promoted on every news media such as TV, newspaper, radio, FM, community newsletters, bulletin boards, banners, etc. • People should be more active in their area to report (to their owner, local authorities, water management of district) any problems related to water loss through broken pipes, errant sprinklers, open hydrants, abandoned free-flowing wells, etc. • Water conservation awareness should be highly developed and promoted especially in the schools to aware children means future of the nation. • School students should be assigned to prepare projects on water conservation or given this topic during any competition like debate, discussion, essay writing or speech recitation. • It should be promoted at tourism level so that tourists and visitors can be aware of and understand the need for water conservation. • As being educated citizens we should encourage our friends and neighbors to join the water conscious community. • Everyone should make a task related to water saving and try to complete by the end of day strictly. Thank You

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SAVE WATER SPEECH 2

A very good morning to the respected teachers, my dear friends and other gathered people here. As we are here to celebrate this occasion, I would like to speech on the topic of save water. Now-a-days, lack of useful water in our surrounding areas is the most serious topic which needs to be working out urgently. Three-fourth of the earth surface is covered by the water however there is lack of drinking water on the earth (only 1 %). The level of drinking water on the earth is getting down and dirty because of various industrial sources day by day. It is very serious matter that we are losing the useful water on the earth. Each human body consists of 75% water which make clear that how the water is important for us as a prime elements and responsible for life on the earth. Water circulates itself in the universe through the process of evaporation and rain. A well developed human body contains an average of 42 liters of water however suffers dehydration at a very small loss of 2.7 liters. He/she starts feeling weak, irritable, fatigue, dizziness, nervousness, headaches, etc. We all should improve the habit of water saving and conservation in our home and outside. Here are some points which can help us in save water outside the doors: •We should use water according to the need and requirement and never over-water our lawn they need watering every 5 to 7 days (summer season), every 10 to 14 days (winter season) and almost not in the rainy season. •We should water the lawns especially in the early morning or late evening because due to the low temperature and low wind speed it can not be lost through evaporation and totally used by the plants. •We should not water the streets, driveways or sidewalks, all are wastage of water. •We should use water-efficient methods of irrigation (micro and drip irrigation, soaker hoses, etc) while sprinkling over plants or other place. •If a lawn cut higher, it encourages roots of the plants go deeper and holds more soil moisture thus require less water from outside. •We should never fertilizes (or only sometimes according to need) our lawns because it increases the need of more water. •Sprinklers or hoses can not be left unattended as they may loss approximately 600 gallons of water in few hours. •Car washing should be done on the green ground or lawn otherwise prefer commercial car wash as they recycles water. •We should avoid ornamental water features like fountains in the lawn as show piece. •There should be filter system in the individual swimming pools. •Mulching technique also helps plants to retain soil moisture for long time. •We should try to plant some native and drought resistant plants, grasses, ground covers and shrubs in the lawns as they do not need more water to survive. •There should not be any leakage in the water pipes in the home and in case of leakage, hose washers can be used between spigots and water hoses. Thank You

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UNEMPLOYMENT SPEECH – 1

Respected Managers and Dear Colleagues! As the increasing threat of recession is looming over our heads, it has become necessary to talk about it at least amongst our fraternity. We all know that our co-employees are being laid off due to the scarcity of work and the dwindling financial condition of our organization. It’s a time that needs to be handled with utmost patience and ingenuity. We never know that one day while walking through the office, any of us may be told by our manager, “Sorry, but it’s your last day in the office today”. Now you all must have started contemplating what you will do then, how you will make money and run your family. So let’s face this situation with dexterity and smartness. However, before we engage in a conversation or discussion, please allow me to deliver a concise speech on unemployment so that you have an insight into the things and thereafter are able to evaluate your own circumstances with the situation of the masses. Trust me; it will give you a lot of encouragement to brave the situation boldly. There are mainly three forms of unemployment – labor class, who is illiterate, educated people without being technically qualified and lastly technical people, such as engineers. Let us know about them one by one. With labor class, the situation is such that they have to constantly look for employment opportunities as they earn wages on a daily basis; hence they club themselves at a particular place to be able to obtain regular employment somewhere. In this precarious situation, sometimes they are able to find employment and sometimes not. But they have habituated themselves to survive in the latter condition even though it is frustrating at times for them too when they are unable to meet their basic requirements of food and clothing. Situation is quite similar for the city laborers also as they manage to get seasonal employment in some big farm or field, which help them to survive. As the population of literate people is growing day by day, the government is unable to accommodate them at the workplaces. Already our educated youth is discontented with the incompetent wages given to them and the threat of unemployment leaves them even more frustrated. It is quite unfortunate that they are made to meander through the dark roads. Since they don’t possess any practical experience or technical expertise, they only end up looking for clerical jobs, which are not enough to accommodate the growing number of literate people. Then those who possess technical qualification get even more frustrated because they are unable to find a good job at par with their academic qualification. Since the number of people acquiring technical expertise is increasing day by day, therefore even they get caught in the trap of unemployment. It’s good that more and more people are educating themselves and are also going for higher educational levels too; but sadly the government is proving inefficient to offer them good employment opportunities. Hence, the growing anger and frustration in our youth has become so evident these days. But instead of increasing our frustration, we should think of combating this situation, may be through generating self-employment opportunities and channelizing our energy in that direction. In this manner, the grave problem of unemployment can be tackled to a great extent. That’s all I have to say. Thank You! PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

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UNEMPLOYMENT SPEECH – 2 Dear Employees! It’s a rare occasion that I get to interact with all my employees under one roof the way that I am doing today. There is nothing special in the present day and behind our coming here; however as a director of the company I realized that there ought to be no communication gap between me and my employees. Secondly, if there is any concern or issue with any one of you then please feel free to put it across the table. The management would certainly try to resolve it or would bring the necessary changes in the organization. Amidst the growing recession period, I would request everybody to join hands together and work unanimously towards the betterment of our company. In fact, we should consider ourselves fortunate that we have a job at hand and good growth prospects. Look at those who are not fairly employed or are unemployed despite a good educational background. Do you know that the count of people, who are without a job, is increasing day by day in our country? According to experts, this is mainly owing to the economic slowdown as well as sluggish expansion in business activities that have brought the doom of employment generation. Ideally, it’s the government that should expedite its growth measures in order to facilitate skill-based training activities so that the gap between demand and supply of work skills can be filled and necessary qualification can be given. This can also help resolve the long-term issue of unemployment. Though there are people who remain unemployed by choice and are not willing to work, this will not be termed as unemployment. Unemployment is that situation when a person wishes to work, but is not able to find for himself/herself a qualified job. There is no doubt that our nation is grappling with this grave issue of unemployment. Unfortunately, many engineers, doctors, graduates or even post graduates are either unemployed or underemployed. Due to rising unemployment, the nation is merely wasting its human resource or is not able to unleash its benefits entirely. In India, the rate of unemployment is depicting a growing trend since 2011 when it was 3.5 percent. Gradually, it increased to 3.6% in the year 2012 and further rose to 3.7% in the year 2013. Since then, the percentage is never seeing its decline. In fact, it has also been observed that at every stage of education, particularly at the higher levels, rate of female unemployment has always surpassed male employment. The most important step that our government should take is to enforce strict population control measures and encourage its people to have small families. Then, some scrupulous measures should be taken to improve the quality of Indian education system. Our education system should be more focused on developing skills or providing practical training rather than confining itself to theoretical knowledge. Then, new possibilities of employment should be created by setting-up small-scale and cottage industries. When people will be self-employed, they will not run after for jobs and would rather be able to employ others in their start-ups. Now, may I invite the opinions of my employees on this issue of unemployment and also some concrete suggestions to combat it. Thank You!

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SPEECH ON IMPORTANCE OF CLEANLINESS – 1

Good Morning to our Respectable Principal, Vice Principal, Teachers and My Dear Students!! As you all know that our school has joined hands with other schools in the area for Clean Campaign, it has been considered appropriate to kick start this campaign right from our own institution where we as students will also get the encouragement to maintain cleanliness around us. But before we talk any further on this topic, let’s first understand what cleanliness is all about? The term ‘cleanliness’ implies absence of dust, dirt, garbage, foul smell, stains, etc. You must have realized that most Indian places whether it’s a lane, street, railway station, government office, hospital or a bus stop look unclean and unpleasant to our eyes. In addition, the littered garbage, defaced walls and overflowing sewage result in the spread of diseases and clogging of water on the roads, which further aggravate the situation. The death toll rises as more and more people succumb to the diseases and die in the absence of proper treatment and care. So to avoid this crisis, the natives of our country should put efforts towards maintaining cleanliness not only in their homes and working places, but in their surroundings too. A hygienic and clean environment creates happy souls and a fulfilling life. There is a famous idiom that says charity begins at home, likewise cleanliness of a city; village or town should first begin from people’s homes. In fact, villages have become proactive in order to ensure cleanliness of their environment and hygiene of people inhabiting those villages. Other than public toilets, personal toilets too have been constructed in order to avoid defecation at open places. In fact, effective measures are being taken up for managing dirty water and solid waste. So when village folks are putting in concerted efforts, why we people living in well-developed cities should lag behind in this campaign? Please understand that cleanliness is as essential to human existence as oxygen, water and food. Also, it’s a foundation of discipline and hallmark of success because if a person can’t keep himself/herself and the immediate surrounding organized and clean, then how he/she would contribute towards the success of others. It’s not possible to maintain a healthy relationship with people in the absence of a clean environment. At least, a minimal level of cleanliness such as taking shower regularly, washing your hands after using toilet, protecting your feet from dust, throwing garbage in the dustbin, etc is expected from everyone. Cleanliness is monumentally important and must be practiced daily. If we will keep ourselves and our surroundings clean, it will help in nation building exercise too because it will then encourage more and more foreign tourists to visit our land and appreciate its beauty, nature and living surroundings. Of course, no one wants to visit a foul land. So adopt a lifestyle and nurture a surrounding where there is no threat to nature and the living beings and everyone can live in a harmonious co-existence. Thank You!

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SPEECH ON IMPORTANCE OF CLEANLINESS – 2

Good Morning my dear Sir, Ma’m and hello to all my friends. For today’s morning Assembly, I have chosen Cleanliness as my topic. This is a very essential part of one’s routine, surroundings and hygiene. Cleanliness is not only the physical, it is also the social and mental well being that helps in maintaining good personality and building a good impression on others. Cleanliness gives rise to good character by keeping body, mind and soul clean and peaceful. Isn’t it that we all feel stronger and wealthier when we keep ourselves and our surroundings clean. It makes our aura positive and happy. Maintaining cleanliness is the essential part of healthy living because it is the cleanliness only which helps to improve our personality by keeping clean externally and internally. Someone has rightly said that cleanliness is the way to godliness. This means that by maintaining cleanliness and having good thoughts brings people closer or near to the God. Personal cleanliness is considered as the symbol of purity of body and soul, which is crucial to get healthy and spiritual connection. Being clean is very essential for getting good health, positive well being and leading a moral life. Our teachers are very keen on promoting cleanliness all around. This is because they are aware that in order to lead a healthy, happy and a peaceful life, we all should practice clean habits in every aspect of life because unhygienic conditions symbolize evil whereas cleanliness symbolizes purity. It is not that difficult to keep ourselves clean or to keep our surroundings clean. We should do it for ourselves, for our inner peace and wealth. As human beings, it is our responsibility to promote safe and clean well being. Cleanliness helps us to create a positive public image, helps us in staying healthy and wealthy. Maintaining cleanliness safeguards us from diseases and unhealthy social, physical and mental inner self. It is very simple to include cleanliness in our regular routine and make it our habit. We should never compromise with cleanliness, it is as necessary as food and water for us. I am glad that my parents and teachers have always motivated me and have keenly put emphasis on maintaining environment clean. They have always demonstrated the importance of being tidy and clean. Every child should be conveyed the importance of cleanliness. Since childhood, it should be made an inherited value in them. Clean eating habits, clean clothing, not littering the stuff here and there, cleaning the toilet after their use are a few basic and very essential cleanliness tactics that one should understand and follow. Friends, I hope, I have been able to share with you my thoughts on the importance of cleanliness. Please stay healthy by making yourself and your surroundings clean. Also, share your bit and make others aware about the benefits of cleanliness. Thank you teachers and my friends. Thank You!

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SPEECH ON GLOBAL TERRORISM 1

A very good afternoon to the respected Principal, teachers and my dear friends! As we all know that today we have gathered in this hall to spread awareness among the future generations regarding terrorism which is one of the major problems faced by the entire world. Terrorism is the illegitimate act done by the group of people to create terror among common people. I cannot explain terrorism in words because it has very deep roots spread all over the world. This has become a matter of utmost concern which is aggregating day by day all across the globe. It is one of the ways that are being used by the politicians, business industries and numerous social organizations for achieving and accomplishing objectives including social, religious, personal and political. Terrorism has a huge influence on our country’s youth. It’s not only about our country but the entire world is facing terrorist attacks. Major causes behind this hike in the terrorism level are the different religions and ideologies of people living in this world. Today people are living under the fear of terrorist attacks in the whole world because this epidemic has spread from groups to countries. To exemplify, Iraq and Iran are the countries which are fully under the trap of terrorism. People from Islam community especially, are getting trapped in this mess of violence. Terrorist usually deploys machine guns and bombs in their attacks and areas like railway stations, airports or concert halls are there main targets of attack. To epitomize, we can have a look at countless incidents like an attack in Belgium or other attacks on the Western European locations where many civilians were killed. If we talk about Indonesia, on 7th, March 2005 Bali was attacked with bombs by the terrorists where more than 100 innocent people died. Such incidents are being spotted all over the world and thousands of innocent civilians are killed every year. There are numerous ways to fight terrorism. The foremost thing is, to have an international team always on call to respond to such kinds of threats so that there is minimal loss of human life and property. Apart from this, gun control is another possible solution to global terrorism. This will eventually limit the weapons retrieved by the terrorists. Recognition of the terrorist organizations can also help in avoiding any kind of future terrorist attacks. It is high time that we all should realize that every person has its own perspective, mindset, beliefs and religion. As long as we have differences in our own world, terrorism will persist. We need to equal out these differences first, which will eventually level the rate of terrorism in the world. By compendium, I would say that it’s not a problem that only one country can solve, but we all need to join our hands to solve this burning global issue. Thank you!

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SPEECH ON GLOBAL TERRORISM 2 Honorable Chief Guest, Respected President of the College, Respected Professors and Dear Friends – I, on behalf of the entire college would like to thank you all for taking your time out and being a part of this important discussion. Like every year, this year too we have selected the topic, i.e. Global Terrorism, which is a matter of great concern not only to our nation but for the whole world at large. Global terrorism is described as the activities involving violence and crime with the intention to promote religious or political ideologies across the world. Global terrorism mainly consists of violence, threats and intimidation for pressurizing the government, International group or community in general. Global terrorism may occur in various forms such as attacks on foreign land, suicide bombings, etc. The act of global terrorism accomplished in 2001, popularly known as 9/11 best defines the act of horror and dreadfulness. The World Trade Center in New York was attacked by the members of some international terrorist groups which took away many lives as a result. Though such act of terrorism on such a large scale is less commonly seen, suicide bombers is highly common act of global terrorism that kill many civilians and creating an atmosphere of fear and panic. The main purpose of the terrorists is to spread terror and achieve their objective by creating disharmony and chaos and by killing more and more innocent people. The terrorists would normally select crowded areas so that maximum people get hurt and killed. Global terrorism results in a large number of deaths along with numerous people getting injured. Many people suffer the post-traumatic anxiety and stress especially if they have been the eye witness to such act of terrorism. When global terrorism occurs, it not only affects the country where it might have occurred, it also affects the neighboring country along with creating economic imbalance and increase in inflation rate worldwide. While terrorism is the burning issue today, it is also a matter of discussion as most of the youths today are getting negatively influenced by the people who spread terrorism for their own benefit. Though the reasons of terrorism may vary, the effect is always hazardous such as deaths and bloodshed. Such act of terrorism and brutality should be avoided also because it doesn’t benefit anyone in anyway; instead it only creates confusion, death toll and disorder worldwide. Government must take appropriate actions as more and more youths are getting influenced towards such activities. More aggression and less patience are been observed in today’s youth. They adopt the path of violence and terrorism and create imbalance and disharmony locally and on national and international level, if they are not heard or if their wishes do not get fulfilled. While efficient military interventions have helped in reducing the effect of terrorism in some countries; the ever-growing intensity and impact of violent activities in certain countries have resulted in an increased number of terror induced fatalities. By taking proper actions and by spreading awareness, the government collectively with organizations that work for humanity causes, etc can help minimize the anger of disori-

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ented youths and stop terrorism. Stricter defense measures at the border and global understanding and cooperation are required for preventing the anti-social elements succeeding in their crimes. Though terrorist acts accomplished by individual are irregular and unpredictable, they follow certain familiar statistical patterns. This can help the government in recognizing the commonalities between terrorist groups, their modus operandi, tactics, pattern and the impact of counter-terrorism operations. While this topic is debatable, I would like to rest my speech with the hope that everyone listening to me, especially the youths would join hands in fighting terrorism and creating harmony across the world. Thank You!

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FAMILY PLANNING SPEECH 1 Ladies and Gentlemen – Warm Greetings to you all! Welcome to the speech ceremony of today, and the topic today is ‘Family Planning’. As we all know that there is a critical need to understand the significance of family planning given the exponential rise in our country’s population. It has in fact become a nationwide concern because the resources for the survival of human beings are scarce in comparison to the fast growth rate of the population of our country. The increasing population will not only slow down our country’s progress, but will also retard its economic and social growth. It is indeed a scary scenario which is quite similar to the situation of a fast ticking time bomb. When we became an independent nation, our country’s population was hardly 30 crores, but thereafter within that half-a-century span, the population multiplied to almost hundred crores. Given this rate of growth, the population is being predicted to double by the end of 2020. Whereas on the one hand, population is growing day after day, there is a great threat of our natural resources becoming exhausted. There had already been a raging debate on this issue and now it is high time to put into practice the small family norm and making it compulsory for every citizen of this country. The immediate benefit that we all can realize is in the form of a faster growth rate of our country. Whatever level of progress takes place in our country; it will never be adequate to meet the demand of our fast increasing population. Since the benefits of development are reaped by everyone, it would result in the eradication of unemployment and poverty. This will also have a greater impact on the welfare of its people who would be able to enjoy a better living standards as well as medical facilities. It is certainly a matter of disgrace that a country like ours having a population of one hundred crores could not bag single gold medal in the Olympic games held at Sidney. This throws great light on the physical well being of the people of our country where needless to say many are plagued by ill health and suffer from malnutrition. However, this problem is not too big to be resolved. In fact, several European nations, including China has been able to curb the growth rate of their population by strictly implementing the scheme of family planning. The fruits of their family planning schemes are for the world to see. They not only enjoy a great living standard, but also give birth to more champions in the field of both academics and sports. The danger posed by rising population can be averted by strictly implementing family planning schemes. However, this must involve the conscientious efforts of each and everyone. We are expected to rise above our narrow religious confines to be able to make such schemes a success. Posterity is not going to forgive us, if we do not live up to this call. This is all from my side, Thank you!

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FAMILY PLANNING SPEECH 2 Warm Greetings Everyone – Welcome to the family planning and health scheme program organized by the state health ministry. Our state government has decided to undertake many more such programs with a view to control the ever growing population. The history shows that earlier the couples had to count on prayers for family planning because there were many couples who didn’t had any knowledge of birth control techniques and they end up becoming parents of so many children. Secondly, there were so many couples who couldn’t realize their dream of achieving parenthood. It was not until 20th century that the only way to prevent giving birth to children was realized to be a great deal of self control. However, in the present times multiple family planning options have been discovered. The term called “family planning“ is generally used in the context of “birth control”. But there is an important point to note that family planning doesn’t only imply the use of contraception. Family planning takes into consideration planning the birth of your child according to the couple’s convenience preferably by putting a considerable amount of gaps in between births so that both mother and child can be healthy. Family planning involves sex education, contraceptives and natural techniques of family planning. Contraceptives comprise barrier methods, such as condoms, diaphragms and hormonal birth control. It also involves surgery (vasectomies for men or hysterectomies for women) or intrauterine devices (place inside the vagina of a woman during intercourse). Sex education helps families by educating youth about how the reproductive system functions, how contraceptives are used, about birth control and truth related to pregnancy. The techniques of natural family planning impart women, including their sexual partners how to keep a track of their fertility cycles. Couples can either abstain themselves from sexual activities or use a protective method during fertile times in order to avoid conceiving. Learning about the fertility cycle of a woman can also help such couples who face challenges with preferred beliefs. The WHO and other local as well as global health organizations are keen to find ways to increase people’s knowledge about family planning and also encourage others to use contraception along with other resources to make family planning effective. The organizations are mainly keeping an eye on low-income communities and helping in the development of such countries where family planning is not much prevalent. Such organizations offer low-cost services related to family planning as well as sex education for uninsured as well as low-income group patients. Everyone is therefore requested to take a step forward and spread awareness about family planning schemes, especially amongst the underprivileged and marginalized sections of society. If our nation cannot keep a check on its rising population then it cannot grow in all the quarters and we will always be counted in the list of developing nations. The aim of family planning is that population can be controlled, at the same time empowering the couples to achieve parenthood as and when they desire. With this, I end my speech. Thank you so much!

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EDUCATION SPEECH 1 Good morning to the Excellencies, distinguished guests, my respected teachers, and my dear friends. The topic of my speech is education. Through my speech, I would let you know all about the value of education and its contribution in our lives. Education is the tool which helps us in removing our all doubts and fears about all the challenges and happiness in our life. It is the tool keeps us happy and peaceful as well as makes us better socialize human beings. Our teachers are like God for us who helps us all in getting good quality education from the institutions. They try their best to make us learn everything and shape us for the future challenges. Our teacher comes in our lives, removes all the darkness, removes all the fears, removes all the doubts, and helps us to find a beautiful career in this big world. Education is not about to gain only knowledge, however it means, learning the ways to be happy, learning the way to keep others happy, learning the way to live in society, learning the way to tackle challenges, learning the way to help others, learning the way to care older, and learning the way how to behave others. My dear friends, education is like a healthy food which nourishes us both internally and externally. It makes us strong internally and gives lots of confidence by making our personality and giving us knowledge. Good education is only way to remove bad habits, poverty, inequality, gender discrimination and so many social issues. Thank you.

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EDUCATION SPEECH 2 Good morning to my respected teachers and my dear friends. My dear friends, education is the tool which removes all the differences among us and makes us capable to go ahead together. It makes our challenging paths of the life very easy to lead. Getting quality education is like yoga and meditation as it requires concentration, patience and dedication. Without education, there is no difference between human beings and animals. Education is a powerful tool capable to solve all the social, personal and family problems. It is like a medicine which has capability to treat almost all the diseases. Getting education is not only means to get good job, it means to make a good personality, to be healthy and fit, to maintain hygiene, to be happy all time, to behave well to others, to tackle all challenges of life and so many. Education is most important to all of us to lead a happy life. Earlier the education system in India was so poor and undisciplined. The kids of rich people were allowed to study however kids of poor people were not allowed to study in the same school or college. Poor people were forced to do labour in the fields only, which was the main reason of discrimination among people in society, inequality, gender inequality, and lots of social issues because of the lack of good education. Low level of education for poor people made them vulnerable to the economic and political exploitation in their own country. There has been made adequate provisions for the poor people in the Indian constitution in order to remove inequality and ensure the empowerment and participation of people of all levels equally. The right for proper education is the birth right of everyone, restricting one from getting proper education is the crime. Education helps us to understand between good or bad, right or wrong and help us in taking decision in the favour of right ones. It helps us in everything of wide range of problems. We can solve the mysteries of this universe. Education is like magic which helps us to learn all the magic to stay happily on this planet. It keeps us free of all doubts, superstitions as well as removes away all the social evils affecting the society. Better educated people can safeguard their family and nation in more secure and easy way. Thank You

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EDUCATION SPEECH 3 Good morning to my respected teachers and my dear friends. Today, at this great occasion, I would like to speech about the education and its values in our lives. Education means a lot to us, without education we are nothing. We get motivated towards the education from our childhood by our parents and from teachers when we start going to school. If one is getting proper education from childhood, doing a best investment of his/her life. Education is not only means to read, write or learn, it is the way to live positively and live life happily. It benefits everyone related to the person such as personal, family, neighbours, society, community and country. It is the best tool to remove poverty and inequality from the society. It provides everyone critical skills and technical knowledge to serve better in their own life, family society and country. Education provides better opportunity in future for viable economic growth. It helps us to keep ourselves and people related to us happy and healthy. Proper education prevents us from the many diseases as well as helps fight the spread of communicable diseases like HIV/AIDS, infections, etc. It helps to make future bright in all aspects. It gives proper understanding to us to tackle to many problems all through the life. Through the proper education, one knows the value of people and value of unity which ultimately reduces the conflicts among people in family, society and country. Good education is the best tool for any nation to go ahead, grow and develop among other strong nations. Well educated people of any country are the most precious assets of that country. Education is the way to reduce mother and child mortality rate by improving their health. Education brings transparency, stability, good governance as well as helps to fight against graft and corruption. Still, in many backwards regions the meaning of education is nothing. They are so poor that they spend their whole day in earning only two times food. They understand that earning money from childhood is good instead of wasting money in education. Education is really an amazing tool which raises income, improves health, promotes gender equality, mitigates climate change, reduces poverty and so many. It helps in making a peaceful environment at home or in office. Education provides intellectual freedom and keeps us happy physically, mentally, socially and intellectually. It promotes the habit of ideas and experiences sharing among people as well as motivates them for morals, ethics and community responsibilities. Education provides us wide range of knowledge such as art, history, sports, maths, literature and fields. Education is the basic building blocks of success, bright career and better quality of life. Thank You

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SPEECH ON THE VALUE OF EDUCATION 1 Good Morning Respected Principal, Teachers and My Fellow Students! I, Shashank Sharma, from Class-XII wish to deliver a speech on the Value of Education. You must have got amazed after seeing me on stage. Actually, there is no special, but profound reason behind this speech ceremony. During summer vacations, I got the wonderful opportunity to associate myself with an NGO that teaches underprivileged children. There I realized how lucky we all are at being blessed with such a life where we get to pursue studies in one of the top schools of Delhi and get all the possible things we desire for. My experience there was quite moving and was greatly touched after seeing the miserable condition of those children. Not all the children as old as a 12-year old student could properly read and write. Unfortunately, they are deprived of quality education because they don’t have enough money to pay for their school fee. We always blame God for something or the other, but rarely do we thank God for giving us such a privileged life. And, it’s only when the NGO with whom I am associated decided to empower those kids with quality education that they started seeing a positive change in their lives. So here I am in front of all the students to make you realize the value of education. Education is the most empowering tool for the mankind, especially for the deprived section of society who have nothing to fall back upon, but education to gain a prosperous existence. We should value education and study sincerely because it helps mankind grow into a fuller being and achieve prosperity of the nation and world at large. It helps us becoming civilized and differentiating ourselves from the barbaric beings. Education leads us from darkness to light and empowers us with such characteristic traits as rationality, tolerance, the power to pursue, etc. However, it’s important to gain the right kind of education that benefits us and mankind as a whole and not something which leads society to the ultimate downfall. For instance, we are seeing how every country is trying to make themselves most powerful in the world and gain ascendancy over other nations. Every country wishes to arm itself with the world’s most potent weapons and atomic bombs so that it can subdue or terrorize other nations. So this is not the kind of knowledge that I am here referring to because it is devastating in nature and aims at destruction and war. The knowledge of weapons and atomic bombs is good as long as it is used for defending ourselves, but the moment it is used for unnecessary bloodbath and man slaughter; then the knowledge becomes corrupt. So it is very important to make a fine distinction between the good knowledge and bad knowledge and make constant efforts to educate ourselves with the right of education so that we can bring people and nations together and uproot such evils as poverty, ignorance, unemployment, crime, etc completely from our society. I hereby urge each and every student to not only study sincerely, but also give others the gift of knowledge. Thank You! PESANTREN BINA INSAN MULIA

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SPEECH ON THE VALUE OF EDUCATION 2 Respected Managerial Staff and My Dear Teachers – Warm Good Afternoon to all! I, Krishna Avasthi, one of the founding members of our ABC NGO Group, welcome everyone to our community hall. As you all know that we have successfully completed a year and are now in the mode of expanding our group – this news gives me immense pleasure and I am sure to all of you present here. There is no doubt that we have given our sweat and blood to this NGO group and now our happiness knows no bounds after seeing it flourish. Therefore, on this wonderful occasion I had a great desire to deliver a speech on the Value of Education because its education that drives us and makes us to give birth to such NGO groups as ours and educate the deprived masses. However, there are some loopholes in the way our NGO works and please allow me to point out those so that we can make ourselves better than what we were yesterday. Initially, from teaching 10 students to now looking after the education of 50 children – it is clear that we are slowly and gradually bringing in more children so that many kids can get benefitted out of it. Education is clearly a very valuable tool, if used well. By giving our kids quality education, we can empower them and raise them from their meager existence. Education is the only thing that will remain with them for their lifetime and will help them grow as a strong individual. But I would like to say something else too. Even though we are doing really good and are getting a positive feedback from the children, but I still feel that something is missing and that is extra-curricular activities. For me, the true value of education lies not just in reading books and appearing well in exams, but it’s also about its practical application. We should not make our students merely robots, who just learn what we teach them in classrooms and do nothing creative on their own. For this, we need to introduce other activities for them besides academics, such as Dance, Singing, Painting, Poetry Writing, Sculpting, etc. Of course, it is not possible for us to give our students all these facilities due to the lack of funds, but we in some way or the other can surely work towards it. In this way, our students will achieve an over-round development of their personalities. Let’s also try and inculcate good values in them and develop in them the spiritual angle so that they grow up not as self-centered individuals, but someone who can give it back to society and contribute towards the growth of humanity. I know the way we are progressing on our path; we will make our children strong and confident individuals who will be able to deal with any tough situations while keeping their morality intact with them. This is all I have to say and now I would request everyone to give their valuable feedback and suggestions so that we can make the next plan of action accordingly. Thank You!

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SPEECH ON BOOKS 1 Dear Children – Good Morning to everyone! How you all are doing? I hope your studies are going smooth and you are enjoying your academic year in terms of the extra co-curricular activities. There is a lot of enthusiasm and energy in the young generation of today. This exuberance and energy is certainly evident in our each and every student and hence not only as a principal of this school, but also as your wellwisher, I want you to tap this energy and channelize it towards the right direction. It is good to be a part of sports and other cultural activities that take place in our school, but it is also important to develop a good reading habit. So the reason behind paying a visit to your classroom is not only to discuss your concerns, but also to encourage you in developing your reading habits. It is often said that books are our best friends and it is indeed true because the knowledge that we derive from reading books will remain with us forever intact and help us in our personal as well as professional growth. I don’t see many students visiting library and reading books there, which I see as a major cause of concern. The habit of reading books is very important because it will help you become a better person. If nothing more than at least read biographies of legendary people, whose lives are a source of inspiration for others and can also inspire you in profound ways. Other than being a source of inspiration, books also give us knowledge. Despite the fact that technology has changed our lives in many ways and of course the way we read, it has also better enabled us to easily reach out to diverse sources of knowledge with the help of reading. We must note that book reading transports us to a different world altogether where we come across people with different languages and cultures from all over the world. While reading different characters, we become one of them and try to relate with them in many ways. Whatever we read, we of course try to take out the best from them and different places, such as Middle East, Asia, Europe, America, Africa and the list just goes on. Our minds also get exposed to humongous amount of knowledge that lies bare in books and which helps us connect with deep thinkers as well as a variegated mix of emotional hues. Not only knowledge, but we also derive entertainment from reading books. Short stories, novels, travelogues, poems and even comic books provide us with thorough entertainment. It also relaxes our mind because we then leave our worries behind and become one with that virtual world. Most importantly, it engages our mind in a way that perhaps no other medium does. Reading ignites our imagination and we become co-creators of that virtual world so much so that we also start animating stories in our minds. Believe it or not, but this is indeed a healthy exercise for our brain. I therefore urge all my students to inculcate this habit of book reading and make the most of your time. Thank You!

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SPEECH ON BOOKS 2 Dear Society Members and Children – I warmly welcome you all to my house! Hope everyone is looking forward to the time when the construction of library would be complete and it will then be furnished with a lot of interesting books for reading. Today therefore I invited you all so that I can deliver a short speech on books and encourage everyone, children in particular to make the optimum use of our society library. I also invite your suggestions and advice on how we can make this library a better place for all. If anyone feels the lack of something, please feel free to reach me anytime. You are also requested to spread the word in our neighboring societies so that they can also get the advantage of it. The library membership is free for the society members and for the outsiders it would be Rs. 1,000 for a year. I hope the library and its resources would be best utilized without causing them any harm. Now coming to the important habit of reading books, it is indeed a great habit and books should be treasured. There are even such libraries, which have preserved ancient manuscripts. These manuscripts enable us get to our roots and act as a window to allow us travel back in the historical time and derive knowledge out of it. However, with the giant leap in technology, digital libraries have replaced actual libraries in the physical world out there. These digital libraries just require pressing of buttons and with mobile phones and tablets being so handy anyone can access such libraries anytime, anywhere, even while traveling. The only difference that we feel is instead of turning pages after pages in case of a book, touch screen method is employed in phones and tablets. Yes, it has brought a sweeping change in the world and has changed the way people have been reading books in the previous times, but reading as a habit has still held sway on the people’s minds. However, at the same time we should not divert from our old habit of reading from actual books. Getting to feel the pages of books while reading has a different feeling altogether and buying good books is indeed an excellent investment that will never go waste. As John Milton, the great poet once said, Milton “A good book is the precious life-blood of a master spirit, embalmed and treasured up on purpose to a life beyond life.” Good books act as a beam of light that illumines our world and shows us the right path. In the Bible, we do observe the author of a Psalm reiterating this fact, “Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light for my path!” It is therefore advisable to make a collection of good books not only at your home, but library too so that more and more people can be benefited out of it. Make good books your companion and see what the magic unfolds! This is all I have to say! Thank You!

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SPEECH ON LIFE AFTER SCHOOL – 1 Good Morning Everyone! It’s a wonderful opportunity to present before you all to give a speech on life after school. Being a motivational speaker and innovator I feel proud to speak on this topic and make you realize certain things in life. Everybody has a dream or a goal in his life and you would agree with me that wherever you go the dream of yours follows you. Your ambition is what you follow blindly and work every second towards it. Being school students is a very joyful and happy life but as you step in the real world you will realize the relevance of school and your teachers. I would like to share my experience when I was in school, I was a very mischievous student and once I got a lot of scolding from my teacher for not completing my homework. That was the day when I complained about my teacher to my parents but they told me one thing that this time of your life you will miss once you are out of school. Nobody would even bother what you are up to in your life. It is the same thing which my parents told me before. Yes, there will be no one to make you realize your mistakes and you will be responsible for your own deeds. This was just an example I gave you all to make you realize that this is your golden period. Enjoy this time in school to the fullest and value your teachers. Once you will be out of the school there would be lots of pressure that you would have to handle, nobody will spoon-feed you and nobody would even pin point where you are going wrong. Even if you fail in life you would have to take the responsibility on your own shoulders. School days are the best time when you can relax, study as well as enjoy your lives but when you leave your school you will realize what exactly your responsibilities are and how you need to cope with them. As students you are dependent on your parents but when you grow up you need to take care of them just the way they did for you. You need to realize how important is to value every phase of our lives. Every phase teaches us one thing or the other. Thus, as a motivational speaker I hope I have motivated you all to respect everyone in your lives and especially those who love you the most. This is the golden period of your life and it is never going to come back so enjoy your school days to the best of your capabilities. Thank You!

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SPEECH ON LIFE AFTER SCHOOL – 2 Respected Principal, Vice Principal, Colleagues and My Dear Students- I hope this day finds you in best of spirits! Today on the speech giving day in the morning assembly, as a teacher I am present before you to deliver a speech on a quite exciting topic for me which is life after school. It brings back certain memories of my school days. My colleagues would agree with me that we all have something to share from our school days. Our experiences would be a life lesson for you dear students. School is the place where you all spend half of the day enjoying extracurricular activities including dance, sports, plays, dramas etc. These activities prepare you all for the challenging real world which is waiting once you finish your school life. These activities shape your character and personalities and help you in developing as a full-fledged responsible individual and human being. School lays down your foundation and keeps on improvising your skills. It is the place where you and I nurture our dreams. We get inspired and create our role models in school and follow them the entire life in our subconscious minds. In fact, we all owe whatever we are today to our school. From getting life lessons and also scoldings in the same place. Don’t ever get disheartened when your teacher scolds you, remember that he/she does this because he/she is worried about your career and wants a successful life for you without any failures and mistakes. You all should thank your parents for sending you to the best schools for your education. Schools are like the building blocks of the society which nurtures the individual and makes them a good human being which in turn becomes valuable for the country itself. The most important reason to educate youth is that they are the one who are going to support the society. It’s important that you all should be imparted right kind of education and skills so that you take our country to the next level. Life after school is not going to be easy and there will be various challenging situations that you would have to deal with yourself and can’t even reveal it to others because everybody has to go through their own share of struggles and pain. You would realize once you get out of the school that how memorable were those days where you had no responsibilities. Life after school will not be bed of roses rather there will be ups and downs in life and you will have to handle your family where in now they take all your burdens and responsibilities. I believe that school plays a very important part in all our lives and without which a nation too cannot function well. Therefore, I hope you all have understood the value of school and got an insight on how the real world would be and how you need to overcome tough challenges. Thank You!

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IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION SPEECH 1 First of all I would like to say good morning to the respected teachers, parents and my dear friends. I would like to speech on the importance of education which is must to know by all of us. Education plays a great role in the life of everyone all through the life. Getting proper education is very necessary to get success and happy life just like food is necessary for healthy body. It is very important to live luxurious and better life. It develops personality of the people, provides physical and mental standard and transforms people’s living status. It promotes the feeling of physical, mental and social well being by providing better life. Good education is constructive in nature which constructs our future forever. It helps a person to improve his/her status of mind, body and spirit. It provides us lots of confidence by giving us bulk of knowledge in many field. It is a single and vital way to the success as well as personal growth. Importance of Education The more knowledge we get, we grow and develop more in the life. Being well educated never only means to earn certificates and good salary from the recognized and reputed organisation companies or institutions however it also means to be a good and social person in the life. It helps us to determine whether something is good or bad for us and other persons related to us. The first purpose of getting good education is being good citizen and then being successful in personal and professional life. We are incomplete without a good education because education makes us right thinker and correct decision maker. In such a competitive world, education has become a necessity for human beings after food, clothe and shelter. It is able to provide solutions to all problems; it promotes good habits and awareness about corruption, terrorism, and other social issues among us. Education is the most important tool offers inner and outer strength to a person. Education is the fundamental rights of everyone and capable of bringing any desired change and upliftment in the human mind and society. Thank You

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IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION SPEECH 2 Good morning to the Excellencies, my respected teachers and my dear friends. I would like to speech over importance of education at this great occasion in front of you. Education is very important to all of us. Our parents make us learn many things at home and then send us to school after age of three years. Our home is first education institute where we learn how to behave to others and other skills however school education is very necessary to be successful in practical life. Through school education we learn and develop personality, mental skills, moral and physical powers. Without proper education, one gets lack of all educational benefits in his/her life. Education is the only key to success in personal and professional life. Education provides us various types of knowledge and skills. It is a continuous, slow and secure process of learning which helps us in obtaining knowledge. It is a continuous process which starts when we take birth and ends when our life ends. We should make our habits of learning always all through the life from our teachers, parents, family members, friends and other related people in our life. We learn to become a good person, learn to live in home, society, community and friend circle. Attending school and receiving education is extremely vital for every person and necessary for those who want to achieve success. We all take birth in same manner at the same planet however do not get same opportunity to receive such type of formal education which may lead everyone of us towards success because of the lack of money and knowledge of parents. One who gets proper education becomes admired by the members of the family, community and country. Proper education by all brings equality among human beings and removes the feeling of difference. Education not only makes us able to learn about history, science, math, geography, and other subjects however it makes us smart enough to learn how to live life and handle bad situations. Thank You

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SPEECH ON TECHNOLOGY – 1 Honourable Principal, Vice principal, Teachers and all my Fellow Classmates! I stand here today to deliver a succinct speech on technology and how it has greatly affected our lives. In today’s world of rising competition, technology plays a very crucial role in making our lives easy and comfortable. There is no doubt that it is the most significant component of our survival in today’s era. Presently, each and every day, a novel application or software is being introduced in the economy that serves to enhance and uplift the lifestyle of the people in innumerable ways; hence making our lives better and full of smart components. We use technology every day and everywhere in order to fulfil particular duties or our specific interests. The technology helps us in numerous ways from morning till evening. People from all the age groups benefit from technology until and unless they know how to access the same. But one must never forget that anything that comes to us has its own share of pros and cons. There are multifarious benefits of technology. Technology has made communication much easier than ever before by the introduction of advanced and modified innovations of phones and applications. Not only in the professional world, but also in the household sphere, technology has contributed a lot. Most of the technology that we have around us is automatic as compared to the ones our parents had in their days. In the entertainment sector, we have more techniques to provide the audience with a real time experience. There are more games, better musical instruments, better visual systems like smart TV’s. Great success has been achieved in social networking by connecting millions of people at one go with the help of codes. The advanced technology in clinics and hospitals has reduced the errors made by surgeons; hence evolving the patient’s treatment. Despite all these advantages there are some disadvantages as well, which have negatively affected the importance of technology. The biggest problem that has been witnessed is unemployment. Due to the over practice and much involvement of technology, the machinery has replaced human labour leading to unemployment in so many sectors. Certain physiological research teams have also proved that due to the presence of social applications like Whatsapp, Facebook and Twitter, etc the actual social isolation has increased leading to depression and increased loneliness cases amongst the youngsters. The increased dependency of humans on technology has even deteriorated the intelligence and creativity of children. Our nation is a developing nation in the context of technology and science. So, we must know how to make wise utilisation of technology without creating hindrance in the growth of an individual, mentally as well as physically. At last, I would only say that it depends on us how much we choose to be dependent on technology because there is nothing in the world which comes easy; it’s our conscience which decides what we learn from the things that are provided to us. Thank You!

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SPEECH ON TECHNOLOGY – 2

Respected Principal, Vice Principal, Teachers and Dear Fellow Students! I am Namrata from Class 10, Section –A and your host for today’s event. I warmly welcome you all for assembling here. Before we begin the programme, I would like to speak on an extremely significant topic, i.e. “Technology”, as it has become a major part of our lives. Advancement in Science and Technology in many spheres has without any doubt made our lives better than the earlier times. We cannot refute the fact that the life of each one of us is highly dependent on the scientific inventions and modern day technology. It has bought an end to the wooden toys era and replaced the same with automatic cars. Its effect has been well observed in spheres like medicines, education, infrastructure, electricity, aviation, information, computer, metallurgy, physics, nuclear energy, space technology, defence research, biotechnology, household, sports, job, tourism, agriculture and numerous other fields as well. Introduction of such technological strides, ideas and inventions to all these fields has brought a gigantic level of positive change in the current generation and thus, has provided them a variety of new and innovative opportunities. In India, technology has become the main source of the foundational and creative developments. It has improved and brought some huge developments in the Indian Economic status worldwide and has also created many new programmes for our new generation to grow in this technical world. The maximum advantages have been seen in the educational sector. The more technological modifications, the better benefits it provides for students at several educational levels. For instance, since many students find the normal lectures boring and monotonous, the idea of smart classes makes them more engrossed in the same lectures that they earlier found boring. There are also some people who are of the opinion that technology spoils a person by making him stoic and reducing his physical activities; thus increasing the chances of various health problems. This section of people supports the fact that the technologicalbased society offers a kind of silver spoon to people so much so that in the end they are unable to solve their problem on their own. This kind of dependency puts people in a horrifying condition where they are not at all self-reliant. Other set of people who debate on this argument, believe that technology continues to be a very significant part of our society. They support the fact that it’s an indispensable part of our lives in the present scenario and will only help people for their betterment. It is immensely useful in providing the much needed knowledge to the students. All the great changes in varied arenas discussed above, have taken place due to the game changing contribution of technology. Further, this is a technical and cultural revolution. But one thing we must not forget is that all the innovations are made to help us, not to make us the victim of the technological world. Now that we have a quick and easy access to the vast reservoir of knowledge through internet, we should make good use of it in order to solve the problems that we have around the world. So students let us all take a pledge today to only make a fair use of technology for the realization of our goals and not making ourselves slaves of technology. Thank You!

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MY SCHOOL LIFE 1 Dear Friends – I hope this day finds you in the best of spirits! Today on the speech giving day, I – Pratishtha Singh from Class-VIII (B) – would like to deliver a speech on My School Life. I am sure we all will have something or the other to say about our school lives. Isn’t it? The very word ‘School’ carries a lot of emotions with it and we are transported to a world where we spend half of our day studying, reading and writing, then enjoying other co-curricular activities too such as sports, dance, music, etc. We imbibe a lot in the school environment where our personalities and characters are shaped and we are prepared for the nation’s building exercise. The foundation of our early years is very important as it informs our future and this very foundation is being laid down by our school. I am in VIII standard at present and so far my journey in this school has been excellent; in fact whatever I am today I owe it all to my school. I want to thank my parents for sending me to one of the best schools of our town and I also want to thank our hon’ble principal and teachers for being so considerate all the time and always working for the better prospects of their students. I especially want to thank my class teacher for being so patient and kind with us and always showing ready nature for resolving our queries. My school life has been best so far and there are no laments or regrets for anything. My school has given me a lot many things, i.e. it has made me confident, independent and knowledgeable. The fact that I have brought home awards and trophies in Science and Maths subjects in Olympiad as well as inter-school competition; reveal a lot about my schooling and the hard work that my teachers have put in towards our mental and intellectual growth. There is no reason to doubt that if such school as ours continues to thrive all across the country then no one can stop our nation from growing by leaps and bounds. Needless to say, a nations’ growth is directly proportional to the development of its youth and if the future of youth is laid waste then no one can save the future of that nation from plunging into obscurity. And if the youth thrives the nation also thrives. This is the reason why so much stress is laid down on educating the youth and making them independent and imparting them different skills so that employment can be generated and more and more of our youth can find the opportunities for showcasing their talent and making their nation proud. So I firmly believe that schools play a very important role in our society without the existence of which any nation would be reduced to a state of gross barbarity. This is all I have to say, thank you so much for being such a great audience.

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MY SCHOOL LIFE 2 Hello Folks – Warm Greetings of the day to all of you! I hope life is treating you well. Before I begin with the speech on My School Life, I want to thank our class teacher for giving me the opportunity to speak in front of you all and deliver a speech. I know this exercise will help remove all my inhibitions and give me enough confidence to speak. The subject of my speech is interesting and does not require any preparation at all as it will all flow from my heart. What do I say about my school life? So far so good! The journey has been incredibly great and I have quite evolved in these preceding 12 years so much so that I am now ready for the next level challenges. Excitement is high in the air! After scoring highest marks in my 10th board exam, I am exhilarated and boosted with enough confidence to launch myself for the upcoming challenges. I can say this because of the immense support I have received from all my teachers. Had that support not been there I wouldn’t have brought this glory home. Whatever I am today is all because of my teachers and nothing can take this credit away from them. I am extremely thankful to my school for providing us with all the quintessential resources needed for our growth and development. Whether it’s the libraries or labs, time to time conducted workshops or our extra classes – everything has helped us a lot in getting closer to our dreams. If we as students come across any hindrance in our studies we can directly report it to our principal. The management is smooth and pretty systematic in our school. It doesn’t take days and months to resolve our query as quick decisions and actions are taken. This is the reason why our school has gone on to achieve benchmarks after benchmarks and needless to say is counted amongst one of the best schools of West Java. I can proudly say that my school is the best school and whoever passes out from this school is bound to land successfully somewhere and will definitely make it to the best. The best part about my school is that it doesn’t function with a view to ameliorate the immediate present, but constantly works towards achieving a vision that it has envisaged for itself. If our future is secure then we are secure and this is the primary goal of our school, i.e. to safeguard our future by molding us in such a manner that we can derive strength from our own selves and overcome any obstacle in life. There couldn’t have been a better school for me than this which has greatly honed my skills and showcased my talent so well that today I feel proud of my achievements and so are my teachers and parents. In the end, I only wish for my school unbounded success and glory. Thank you everyone!

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